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 divider43.jpgSURVIVAL TOPICS followed by polymeraust100dollarsMONEY , 20160105_145215CHOW TO , 20160105_145215CSOCIAL ISSUES and20160105_145215CLIVING TOPICS.

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NAVIGATION (Celestial).

The Sun, the Moon and identifiable stars are used to work out North direction and time in this section.

divider43.jpg

Finding accurate directions by a watch .. Posted on May 12, 2015.. This is my novel technique. WatchCompass_22NL, Finding accurate directions using a watch, posted on May 19, 2015 . This is my novel technique to replace the horizontal watch method. DirectionBySun_12N, Caution in finding North by bisector line of a horizontal watch. Posted on October 28, 2015: The commonly known “Scout method” using a horizontal watch may give directional errors of up to 180 degrees in some circumstances. wpid-bisectorns2c.jpg, Finding directions and time using the Sun and a divider., posted on May 6, 2015. <<<—This is my MOST USEFUL novel technique. wpid-dividermwp3e2c2.jpgwpid-divider42cl2b.jpgwpid155-wpid-divider63cl.jpg. Using polarized light to locate the Sun when it is hidden from view. Posted on May 9, 2015. This is a useful technique. CloudyL, Finding North direction and time using the hidden Sun via the Moon . Posted on July 6, 2015This is a useful technique. moonshapesnangles4c.jpg, Finding North direction and time accurately from the horn line of the Moon. Posted on August 12, 2015. This is my novel technique. wpid-wp-1439376905855.jpeg, Finding North direction and time using the Moon surface features. Posted on July 1, 2015. This is a useful technique. wpid-wp-1435755781395.jpeg, Finding North and time by stars. Posted on August 28, 2015 PolrNorthNC20const8polrsouthq3c60.jpg

Finding North and time with unclear sky. Posted on October 17, 2015. This includes my novel method for finding North and with unclear sky. wpid-bstarsn20b.jpg wpid-bstarss20.jpg, posted on October 21, 2016 antare4smallc30.jpgfomalhautsmallc30.jpgariessmallc30.jpg, . Posted on May 25, 2016 mercator8gc30.jpg, , posted November 3, 2016 slide-sky-disk, Slide Sky-Map for displaying tropical stars, posted on October 7, 2016 photo, , posted July 22, 2016 NorthByKnownStar, Finding time to Sunset with bare hands. Posted on November 11, 2015 .This is my novel improvement for improved accuracy. wpid-sunset2.jpg. Finding time to Sunrise with star maps, Posted on January 9, 2016 . This is a novel application for star-maps. sunrise, Finding direction, distance and navigating to a distant base by stars (Part 1). Posted on January 27, 2016 . This is a novel application for direction of stars in the sky. PolrNorthNC20const8polrsouthq3c60.jpg, Finding direction, distance and navigating to a distant base by stars, fine reading of latitude (Part 2).. Posted on February 6, 2016. This is a novel way of accurately arriving at any chosen destination latitude using no instrument. BStarsN20Vega8C2.jpg

NAVIGATION using only constellations.

The Orion constellation., posted December 26, 2016 orionsamsungn2photo-640alignedc30b.jpg, The Scorpius constellation, posted on January 8, 2017 scorpiussaggigridaltc30.jpg20160418_013006enhenc2c30.jpg

NAVIGATION (Terrestrial).

Measuring angles and distances for outdoor survival, posted on June 29, 2016 DistPole

NAVIGATION (Instrumental).

Determining local magnetic declination by a magnetic compass, posted on March 31, 2016 Compass-Magnetic, , posted on June 14, 2016 compassflipMEDIUM

Selecting and using magnetic compasses, posted on July 9, 2016 JapLensatic, Using GPS in off-grid situations., posted December 6, 2016 , Navigating with an AM MW radio receiver, posted January 17, 2017 radiosony

FIRE MAKING.

Making fire and lighting cigarettes with sunlight. Posted on February 27, 2016 StormWatchDiagram, Quick fire making using sunlight, posted on January 4, 2017 20161222_131508gballfirec60.jpg, Mirror for making fire using sunlight., posted on April 13, 2016 20160105_143215C

FOOD

Rice as emergency food., posted December 24, 2016 20161230_192839ricegrains2c60.jpg

MISCELLANEOUS

Old maps:

Interesting maps of old Saigon , posted on March 20, 2016 . SaigonThanhQuy

Detecting Counterfeit Currency

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Is this still the same nation of USA?

by tonytran2015 (Melbourne, Australia).

#Foreign Affairs, #war, #US, #Deep State, #ally, #Middle East, #Japan, #Korea, #Philippines, #Military-Industrial Complex,

Is this still the same nation of USA?

1. A changed nation after the two World Wars.

 Ever since the first World War, USA nation has transformed itself into a war powered empire. Wars are then needed to collect oppressive reparations from the losers.[1,..3]

Wars are needed for consumption of weapons to enrich the influential owners of Defence Industry and to maintain their social status. These influential owners of defence industry and their allies can make or break most Presidential, Senatoral and Congressional candidates (The Military, Industrial, Congressional Triangle or Complex). The campaign paid, successfully elected officials are then to repay their election campaign financial donors by instructing the Pentagon and the CIA to engender (create), engage and escalate in all possible wars [4,..13].

2. A corrupt political system against the founding constitution of the nation. 

USA has now become trupted and hijacked by an unelected Deep State. Even an elected president is under daily threat of Impeachment while people of the Deep State are always exonerated from every type of charge [14,..28]..

3. A war seeking nation.

USA is then engaging in creating new enemies (against US interests) out of potential friends . Some examples are:
Russian people had been waiting for US aids after the collapse and dissolution of the Soviet Union. Russian people expected temporary hummanitarian aids as well as help to set up a genuine  free market system for their country. Those aids never came. Instead, there were only American conmen coming to rob Russia out of its national wealth. Current Russian President V. Putin became a Russian hero when he reorganized Russia and took back many robbed wealth. This was well documented by Western news outlets at that time.[29,…35].

4. An ambition to be a nuclear monopoly.

 The ambition of the American Empire to monopolize nuclear weapons and to make a show case against any non-submission by small countries such as India, Pakistan, North Korea. The US wants to play North Korea for fools. It wants North Korea to surrender its hard won Nuclear Power achievement.[36]. 
The threat of 1992 war against NK with US nuclear weapons ready.

The criticism against Pakistan, India on nukes while supporting nuclear weapons for Israel [37,..40].

5. An abuser of International Cooperation spirit.
 

USA has attempted to use UN selectively for its own aim. USA uses the UN label when it suits its purpose and denounce the UN when it is against US [41,..43].

USA has created Israel using the UN [43], then ignored and veto every UN resolution on Israel.

Calling UN a house of lies.

Israel’s Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu had promised to reject the results of the vote, calling the UN a “house of lies”.
Afterwards he said in a statement: “Israel thanks President Trump for his unequivocal position in favour of Jerusalem and thanks those countries that voted alongside Israel, alongside the truth.”

[44],

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu dubbed the United Nations a ‘house of lies’ on Thursday, ahead of a General Assembly vote on a resolution rejecting US recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital.

[45],

JERUSALEM (Reuters) – Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu described the United Nations as a “house of lies” ahead of a vote on Thursday on a draft resolution calling on the United States to withdraw its recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital.

[46].
US attacked Iraq without any UN authorisation.

US threatened to attack North Korea without any UN’s authorization.

6. USA harbours an ambition to occupy and redraw the maps and rewrite histories of the whole Middle East.

The ambition to occupy and dominate all Middle East and Muslim countries by some groups of lobbyists in the US. They want to extend the Balfour plan. They plan to use American war against North Korean to kick start an American war against Iran for their own advantage. 

First they played God by forming countries by drawing their fingers across the map, robbing lands from some local populations like Palestinian, while leaving many like Kurdish population without any country [47,..53].

They have no problem sacrificing their US servicemen [54,..55]

The ruthlessness of this group is well demonstrated by their orchestrated actions to sacrifice a long time small ally of USA which was South Vietnam. In doing so they destroyed US credibility for their (not American) benefits.

The loss of Vietnam war caused by news achorman Cronkites, Jane Fonda [60].
!
7. USA has already lost its reputation as a global ally.

Consequently, USA has ceased being a reliable global ally to any ideology

But the United States did not keep its word. Is an American’s word reliable these days? (Nguyen Van Thieu)

The United States did not keep its promise to help us fight for freedom and it was in the same fight that the United States lost 50,000 of its young men. (Nguyen Van Thieu)

You ran away and left us to do the job that you could not do. (Nguyen Van Thieu)

“In December 1974, the Democratic majority in Congress passed the Foreign Assistance Act of 1974, which cut off all military funding to the South Vietnamese government and made unenforceable the peace terms negotiated by Nixon. Nixon… had resigned his office.Gerald R. Ford, Nixon’s vice-president stepped in to finish his term on August 9, 1974. The new president vetoed the Foreign Assistance Act, but his veto was overridden by Congress. … (Embassador) Martin pleaded with the U.S. government to send $700 million in emergency aid to South Vietnam in order to bolster the Saigon regime’s ability to fight and mobilize fresh military units, but it was to no avail.”

[61,62].
Around April 1st, 1975 (the final month before South Vietnam surrendered to North Vietnam), even the ship bringing US military aids to South Vietnam was ordered by a US Congress woman to turn around to bring the shipment to Israel instead!

7. Other nations have not and would not overlooked these factors.

The Philippines is now at accute risk of being traded for some US interest (Nuclear war againat NK) or non-interest (Nuclear attack on Iran and occupation of the Middle East). Fillipino President Duterte may face a difficult choice when betting on an unreliable ally (who was thrown out of the Philippines after its abandonment of South Vietnam).

South Korea and Japan have to leaen to be self-reliant militarily. They may need nuclear parity ahainst their neighbours. Reliance on the US to be abandoned (like South Vietnam and Ukraina) is not good policy.

Despite the objection from USA, detente talk between North and South Koreas and their cooperation in the 2018 Olympic are encouraging signs.

.

References

[1]. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_I_reparations

[2]. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_II_reparations

[3]. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/earth-insight/2014/mar/20/iraq-war-oil-resources-energy-peak-scarcity-economy

[4]. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eisenhower%27s_farewell_address

[5]. http://mcadams.posc.mu.edu/jfk_cia.htm

[6]. https://www.gizmodo.com.au/2017/03/the-story-behind-that-jfk-quote-about-destroying-the-cia/

[7]. http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-10-26/jfk-files-release-could-expose-cia-fbi-coverup-lee-harvey-oswald/9087384

[8]. http://www.canberratimes.com.au/world/british-newspaper-got-anonymous-call-25-minutes-before-jfk-assassination-20171027-gza27f.html
[9]. https://rutherford.org/publications_resources/john_whiteheads_commentary/a_tale_of_two_americas_where_the_rich_get_richer_and_the_poor_go_to_jail_sh

[10]. http://freespeechtwentyfirstcentury.com/2018/01/10/teacher-questions-superintendents-massive-raise-so-shes-assaulted-and-arrested/
https://riggedgame.blog/2018/01/07/trump-isnt-another-hitler-hes-another-obama/

[11]. https://alethonews.wordpress.com/2018/01/14/cia-and-the-assassination-of-leaders-overseas/

[12]. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_wars_involving_the_United_States

[13]. https://www.thenation.com/article/americas-secret-war-134-countries/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Military%E2%80%93industrial_complex

[14]. https://70news.wordpress.com/2018/01/21/plot-fbi-conducted-fake-hillary-clinton-investigation-frame-trump-with-fake-russia-conspiracy/
[15]. https://brittius.wordpress.com/2018/01/19/corruption-in-high-places-americas-greatest-issue/

[16]. https://brittius.wordpress.com/2018/01/19/house-votes-to-table-trump-impeachment-roll-call-1-19-18-posted-on-1-19-2018-125903-pm-by-markomalley-members-of-both-parties-in-the-house-of-representatives-voted-overwhelmingly-friday-to-tabl/
  

[17]. https://brittius.wordpress.com/2018/01/19/house-votes-to-table-trump-impeachment-roll-call-1-19-18-posted-on-1-19-2018-125903-pm-by-markomalley-members-of-both-parties-in-the-house-of-representatives-voted-overwhelmingly-friday-to-tabl/



[18]. https://arlinreport.com/2018/01/19/corruption-in-high-places-americas-greatest-issue/

[19]. https://brittius.wordpress.com/2018/01/19/fisa-abuse-memo-will-expose-corrupt-tyrant-obama-sting-operation-against-trump-dan-bongino/

[20]. https://sonoranorte.wordpress.com/2018/01/19/shocking-top-secret-memo-to-be-released-to-public-a-scandal-bigger-than-watergate/

[21]. https://reclaimourrepublic.wordpress.com/2018/01/20/video-fisa-abuse-smoking-gunstill-smoking-house-intel-comte-releases-fusion-gps-testimony-transcript-hannity/

[22]. https://peskytruth.wordpress.com/2018/01/19/a-scandal-of-democrats/

[23]. https://www.infowars.com/former-secret-service-agent-fisa-memo-will-destroy-image-of-benevolent-Obama/

[24]. https://brittius.wordpress.com/2018/01/19/two-republican-representatives-call-for-making-intelligence-memo-on-the-russia-investigation-public/

[25]. https://jonathanturley.org/2018/01/19/harvard-professor-hillary-clinton-could-still-be-president/
Social disruption is now mainstream activities.

[26]. https://brittius.wordpress.com/2018/01/19/not-content-just-to-kill-babies-planned-parenthood-will-now-inject-children-with-hormone-sex-change-drugs/

[27]. https://counterinformation.wordpress.com/2018/01/20/us-intelligence-could-well-have-wiretapped-trump-ron-paul/

[28]. http://redlegagenda.com/2018/01/20/jared-kushners-firm-tied-to-suspicious-transactions-at-german-bank/

[29]. https://www.clearias.com/disintegration-of-the-ussr/

[30]. https://mgiedu.wordpress.com/2016/10/23/disintegration-of-the-ussr-reasons-and-impact/

[31]. https://www.dailywire.com/news/18593/flashback-time-magazine-1996-bragged-about-how-us-joseph-curl
[32]. https://brittius.wordpress.com/2018/01/11/kremlin-u-s-report-accusing-russia-of-election-meddling-harms-relations-u-s-claims-russian-relentless-assault-on-democratic-institutions-worldwide/

[33]. http://www.nytimes.com/1992/04/02/world/aid-to-russia-buying-time-for-yeltsin.html
[34]. https://www.rt.com/news/415883-putin-communist-ideology-christianity/

[35]. http://www.thehindu.com/thread/politics-and-policy/why-does-the-western-world-hate-russia/article19279052.ece

[36]. https://stanstasblog.wordpress.com/2018/01/12/little-rocket-man-wins-the-round-by-patrick-j-buchanan/

[37]. https://counterinformation.wordpress.com/2018/01/09/trumps-nuclear-threat-against-north-korea-warrants-removal-from-office/

[38]. https://counterinformation.wordpress.com/2018/01/15/the-pentagon-papers-and-the-daniel-ellsberg-story-you-wont-see-in-the-post/

[39]. https://acenewsservices.wordpress.com/2017/12/13/washington-tillerson-says-us-willing-to-talk-to-north-korea-without-pre-condition-as-kim-un-jong-declares-that-he-intends-to-produce-more-weapons-make-them-the-strongest-nuclear-power-state-me/

[40]. https://alethonews.wordpress.com/2018/01/19/russia-doesnt-plan-to-join-treaty-on-prohibition-of-nuclear-weapons-lavrov/war.

[41]. https://brittius.wordpress.com/2018/01/11/china-warns-u-s-on-trade-u-s-claims-china-uses-market-access-restrictions-or-other-tools-to-compel-foreign-companies-to-hand-over-technology/

[42]. https://redlegagenda.com/2018/01/18/1985-united-states-walks-out-of-world-court-case/

[43]. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Israel

[44]. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-42446027

[45]. https://www.sbs.com.au/news/israel-pm-rejects-jerusalem-vote-at-un-house-of-lies

[46]. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-trump-israel-un-netanyahu/israels-netanyahu-calls-u-n-house-of-lies-before-jerusalem-vote-idUSKBN1EF14U

[47]. https://alethonews.wordpress.com/2018/01/15/us-creates-rift-among-russia-turkey-and-iran/
[48]. https://theuglytruth.wordpress.com/2018/01/09/trump-faces-deadlines-this-week-that-could-decide-fate-of-iran-deal/

[49]. https://counterinformation.wordpress.com/2018/01/10/america-persistently-seeks-to-destabilize-iran-and-undermine-tehrans-regional-influence-in-the-middle-east/

[50]. https://counterinformation.wordpress.com/2018/01/15/iran-2018-and-syria-2011-similarities-and-differences/

[51]. https://uprootedpalestinians.wordpress.com/2018/01/11/as-icc-considers-probing-israel-for-war-crimes-u-s-moves-to-defund-u-n-palestine-refugee-agency/

[52]. https://counterinformation.wordpress.com/2018/01/20/trumps-plan-b-for-syria-occupation-and-intimidation/

[53]. https://uprootedpalestinians.wordpress.com/2018/01/21/putin-calls-on-israel-to-end-occupation-of-arab-lands-proclaims-solidarity-with-palestine/

[54]. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_S._Pattonhttp://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/northamerica/usa/3869117/General-George-S.-Patton-was-assassinated-to-silence-his-criticism-of-allied-war-leaders-claims-new-book.html

[55]. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Liberty_incident

[60]. https://reclaimourrepublic.wordpress.com/2018/01/19/video-cronkite-broadcast-gave-180-degree-war-flip/

[61]. https://www.brainyquote.com/authors/nguyen_van_thieu

[62]. http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Vietnam_War




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Authentic Herbal Noodle Soup of Stewed, Fried Duck (Mì Vịt Tiềm chánh gốc)

by tonytran2015 (Melbourne, Australia).

#authentic, #Stewed Fried duck, #Noodle Soup, #Mì Vịt Tiềm,

Authentic Herbal Noodle Soup of Stewed, Fried Duck (Mì Vịt Tiềm chánh gốc)

We are lucky to learn from Mr. Mach Van Cuong an AUTHENTIC recipe for making Stewed Fried Duck in Noodle Soup. Mr Cuong is a food connoisseur who wants to preserve and disseminate Oriental knowlege. Oriental recipes have usually been closely guarded as family secrets.

Mr Cuong had been working for his parents’ business in various types of activities  (importing and exporting of electronic parts, jewelers tools, and herbal food supplies). He enjoys applying traditional herbal knowledge.

Figure: Mr Mach Van Cuong who teaches the Authentic Recipe presented here .

 

Herbal Noodle Soup of Stewed, Fried Duck (Mì Vịt Tiềm) originated from Cantonese or Hakka recipes. It is a delicious, tasty, nutritious, slightly odoured dish and is well liked in Saigon. It is claimed to bring some medicinal benefits and is of higher price than other dishes of ordinary noodle soups.

(Mì=Noodle Soup, Vịt=Duck, Tiềm=Stewed, Slow cooked)

1. Herbal noodle soup of stewed, fried/roasted duck.

Figure: Herbal Noodle with Stewed, Fried/Roasted Duck (Mì Vịt Tiềm) in 300 ml bowl from a shop. Authentic recipes does NOT serve any green vegetable with the dish.

The dish may have been called Noodle Soup with Roasted Duck. This is a misnomer as the duck has NOT been roasted in the preparation of this dish.

Herbal Noodle Soup of Fried/Roated Duck (Mì Vịt Tiềm)  is usually served wirh 2 accompanying dishes of Fried Prown Pancake and Crunchy Pickled Slices of Papaya.

CAUTIONS:

1. A nutritious, healthy dish may become a harmful dish if the traditional recipies are not observed.

2. Cooks using unauthentic recipes may put monosodium glutamate in the dish. The tradirional recipes has no such modern ingredient

3. About 2hr after eating this dish, your body may have some odour of the dish! This is easily noticeable from the odour of your urine.

4. Your skin may have a light strange sensation caused by the oil and sweat glands excreting some compounds absorbed from the dish.

2. Authentic Recipes.

Figure: Herbal Noodle with Stewed, Fried/Roasted Duck (Mì Vịt Tiềm) from a shop in Melbourne, Australia. Authentic recipes does NOT serve any green vegetable with the dish..

1. Marinate a duck leg (quarter of a duck) in Mushroom soy sauce  for 20min. This marination gives the duck leg a good brown colour.

2. Fry the marinated leg in hot oil until the skin start bubbling. The duck leg will turn black.

3. Stew the so fried leg in a soup containing:

30g of Hoài Sơn (Huai Shan in Chinese),  (Củ mài = Dioscorea hamiltonii), a white traditional and Chinese medicinal(?) root tuber [1,2,3,4],

15g of Kỷ Tử (chilly like fruits which are not hot, from the plant Cẩu Kỷ Tử),

20g of dried Longans,

20g of Chinese plums,

10g of dried Lotus seeds,

15g of Shiitake (a type of delicious mushroom), ,

4g of Five Spice mixture.

The ratio of the mixture may be varied to suit your taste.

4. Separately boil 50g of egg noodle.

5. Serve the stewed fried leg  with boiled egg noodle in the broth.

6. Avoid adding any green vegetable to the broth as green vegetable may reduce the benefits of the herbal mixture.

7. The duck soup is served with egg-noodle, shiitake and longan in the bowl.

8. The pickled crunchy sliced papaya in the accompanying dish (the small dish with yellow slices)  is made crunchy by immersion in a table salt solution. The slices are washed and leached in fresh water for days before serving.

3. Ingredients.

Figure: Slices of Hoai Son (Huai Shan in Chinese) in package. 

Dioscorea hamiltonii in this soup is a a white traditional and Chinese medicinal herb claimed to be good (?) for treating diabet (scientific proof is required).

Figure: Lycium barbarum, (Cẩu Kỷ Tử in Vietnamese), from Wikipedia, https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lycium_barbarum, file: https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lycium_barbarum, licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike,

Figure: A package of dried Cau Ky Tu.

Lycium barbarum fruits are claimed to improve general immunity, blood production, to help fighting against cancer (no scientific proof supplied !), to lower Cholesterol (proof?), lower blood pressure (proof?), protect liver (proof?).

Figure: Shiitake (Nấm Đông Cô in Vietnamese), from Wikipedia, https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shiitake, file: https://commons.m.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Shiitakegrowing.jpg, licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike,


Figures: Fresh longans, dried longans, and boiled dried longans.

Figure: A Five Spice mixture.




WARNINGS:

Cooks using non-authentic recipes may put in a lot of monosodium gluamate to fool customers. Traditional, authentic recipes have no such modern ingredient.

In the short term, monosodium glutamate may cause extreme headache, throat congestion, prolong thirst and swelling of your ankles and feet. Do NOT eat any non-authentic dish prepared with such ingredient.

Do NOT eat any Papaya side dish if you suspect that it has been prepared using borax.

Borax is banned as a food ingredient. Borax is mainly used as a Welding Flux (for goldsmith welding and for industrial brazing using Acetylene-Oxygen Gas Torches), in Photochemistry (as a Stopper Solution), in Pest Control (the mixture of Borax and Icing Sugar is an Ant Poison). Its Vietnamese name is Hàn The (Hàn=for welding, The=sour taste).

3. Where to find it.

It is an upmarket dish (costing 70000VND =$3.50US in 2017) in Vietnam (in Saigon).  In Australia, it cost $12AUD.

I don’t know how much it would cost in a Vietnamese restaurant outside Vietnam. It may cost you $10.00US (?).

References.

[1]. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dioscorea_hamiltonii

[2]. https://caythuoc.org/hoai-son-cu-mai.html

[3]. http://diabetna.vn/hoai-son-cay-thuoc-nam-tri-tieu-duong-bien-chung-noi-tieng.html

[4]. http://www.yhoccotruyen.org/ViewTopic.jsp?tid=4184&fid=5&Page=1&trp=18

[5]. https://gaactiemthuocbac.wordpress.com/about/

[6]. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lycium_barbarum

[7]. http://baithuocquanhta.com/cay-thuoc/cau-ky-tu-chua-benh/

[8]. https://baodinhduong.com/cau-ky-tu-co-tac-dung-gi/

[9]. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shiitake

[10]. https://www.thespruce.com/how-to-make-five-spice-powder-4065302

[11]. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spice_mix

[12]. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monosodium_glutamate

[13]. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Borax

Related LIVING/HOW TO blogs:

herbal-noodle-soup-of-stewed-fried-duck-mi-vit-tiem, posted 2017/11/23

The-agonizing-choice-of-vietnamese-food-dishes, posted September 27, 2017

Rice as emergency food., posted December 24, 2016

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Mung Beans as grains for self-reliance.

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When is Lunar New Year? (Khi nào là Tết Âm Lịch?)

by tonytran2015 (Melbourne, Australia).

#find North, #finding North, #Lunar New Year, #When is Lunar New Year, #Khi nào là Tết Âm Lịch, #Tết Nguyên Đán , #Tết Nguyên Tiêu,

When is Lunar New Year? (Khi nào là Tết Âm Lịch?)

To many Western and Vietnamese people, it is hard to tell when East Asian Lunar New Year (Tết Âm Lịch in Vietnamese) will come.

This blog gives an easy answer to that question.

1. The time for East Asian Lunar New Year.

The New Year begins with a New Moon. Each Lunar month span from one New Moon to the next one.

The month enclosing the December Solstice time (in December 21st) is defined to be the second last Lunar month of the year.

After that is one last month of the year and then comes the New Year Festival.

The rule gives people adequate time (more than one Lunar month) to prepare for the festival.

2. Example for 2018.

On the Solar New Year for 2018, the Moon was full. It was the 15th day of some Lunar month. Ten nights prior to that was the December Soltice (on December 21st). That night was the 5th night of that some Lunar month. That Lunar month is defined to be the second last (11th) month of the Lunar year. So the Solar New Year night was the 15th night of the 11th Lunar month.

Therefore the beginning of last Lunar month of the year is around Jan. 14th, while Lunar New Year is 29.5 days after that and is around Feb. 12th of 2018.

3. Tết Nguyên Đán and Tết Nguyên Tiêu.

The first New Moon in each Lunar year is called “Tết Nguyên Đán” in Vietnamese and the Full Moon following it is called “Tết Nguyên Tiêu”  (many Vienamese don’t know the words “Tết Nguyên Tiêu”), or more commonly “Lễ Hội Rằm Tháng Giêng”.

Ancient Chinese historical texts made many references to (yearly) First Full Moon Festivals but it is very hard to find any mention of (yearly) First New Moon Festivals. 

So Chinese people have been celebrating the yearly Festivals of First Full Moon (with Moon lit nights). When and why the Festivals of First New Moon (with dark, stars lit nights) became more celebrated than the Festivals of First Full Moon is an interesting question.

It is seen in the following two figures that at Lunar New Year, the bright star Leo Regulus crosses the meridional plane near to midnight. At First Full Moon Festival, it crosses the meridional plane about 1 hour before midnight while the Full Moon crosses the meridional plane at midnight.

equatorial stars

Figure: Stars in tropical zone for beginners (Tropical zone). Click to enlarge figure.

Bright Stars 20 Plus 2

Figure 2: Table of 20 brightest +2 stars in order of appearance.

Reference.

[1]. tonytran2015, Simple-determination-of-east-asia-lunisolar-new-year , posted on 2017 January 19th.

RELATED SURVIVAL blogs:

Using polarized light to locate the Sun when it is hidden from view. . Posted on May 9, 2015. This is a useful technique.

Using GPS in off-grid situations., posted December 6, 2016

Adding longitude and latitude lines to a map, posted August 23, 2017

Navigating with an AM MW radio receiver, posted January 17, 2017

radio sony

Latestdivider43.jpgSURVIVAL  blogs:

, Navigating with an AM MW radio receiver, The Scorpius constellation, Quick fire making using sunlight.,The Orion constellation, Rice as emergency food , Using GPS in off-grid situations, Identifying moderately bright navigational stars, Slide Sky-Map for displaying tropical stars,…all.

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Was New Year night chosen to have Sirius highest at midnight?

by tonytran2015 (Melbourne, Australia).

#find North, #finding North, #bright  star, #navigation, #Sirius, #New Year,

Was New Year night chosen to have Sirius highest at midnight?

When looking at the dates of the brightest stars, we cannot overlook the fact that the brightest star Sirius is highest on the Midnight of January 1st.

The question is was that the reason why January 1st was chosen on that date?

This question invites our thinking on ancient astronomy and time keeping.

The brightest stars and their dates are given in the following two figures.

equatorial stars

Figure: Stars in tropical zone for beginners (Tropical zone). Click to enlarge figure.

Bright Stars 20 Plus 2

Figure 2: Table of 20 brightest +2 stars in order of appearance.

References.

[1]. tonytran2015, Finding North direction and time by stars, survivaltricks.wordpress.com, https://survivaltricks.wordpress.com/2015/08/28/finding-north-and-time-by-stars/ , posted on August 28, 2015.

[2]. tonytran2015, Finding North and time by stars in the tropics, survivaltricks.wordpress.com, https://survivaltricks.wordpress.com/2016/05/25/finding-north-and-time-by-stars-in-the-tropics/, posted on May 25, 2016

RELATED SURVIVAL blogs:

Using polarized light to locate the Sun when it is hidden from view. . Posted on May 9, 2015. This is a useful technique.

Using GPS in off-grid situations., posted December 6, 2016

Adding longitude and latitude lines to a map, posted August 23, 2017

Navigating with an AM MW radio receiver, posted January 17, 2017

radio sony

Latestdivider43.jpgSURVIVAL  blogs:

, Navigating with an AM MW radio receiver, The Scorpius constellation, Quick fire making using sunlight.,The Orion constellation, Rice as emergency food , Using GPS in off-grid situations, Identifying moderately bright navigational stars, Slide Sky-Map for displaying tropical stars,…all.

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Avoiding False Flag traps for witnesses

by tonytran2015 (Melbourne, Australia).

#False flag operation, #killing witness, #traps for witnesses,

Avoiding False Flag traps for witnesses.

At present time, False Flag Operations have become not rare. When authorities calling for witnesses after a terror attack, the good citizens have the tendency to help but they may bring harm onto themselves if the attack were actually organized by the authorities (Killing witness is then a possibility).

When a false flag attack is carried out by an authority, anyone with revealing evidence may get silenced or killed and respondents to calls for witnesses may bring harms to themselves.

1. Recognizing signs of false flag operations. 

a/ The operation may be a Falae Flag one when authority UNREASONABLY requires any witness to provide his identity, address, when handing in video clips, photos. (While people handing in weapons during amnesty have not been required to supply names and addresses!).

b/ The attack may be false flag operations when there are many interest groups trying to place blame on their opponents. 

c/ People in position of authority may be bought or influenced by any of those groups.

Examples: 

After the car ramming of pedestrians on Flinder Street of Melbourne before 2017 Christmas, Victoria Police of Australia asked people to submit evidence IN PERSON. 

“Police are asking any witnesses to go to the Melbourne West Police Station at 313 Spencer Street” [1].

This is a sign for suspecting a False Flag Operation.

After Las Vegas shooting in 2017, most witnesses disappeared. After many months, there are still no convicing detailed reconstruction of crime scene. This is a sign for suspecting a False Flag Operation.

The attack on USS Liberty ship may not like having witnesses.

2. A better way to submit evidence.

a/ The witness should may many copies of evidence. 
b/ Send one copy to an oversea destination and ask people there to post it anonymously on the internet. Someone will bring it to the attention of the intended recipient.

c/ Send other copies to other oversea destinations if the first copy has been withdrawn from the internet.

d/ Alternatively, connect your smartphone to a live streaming network and pretend not to know of any call for witnesses.

 

References

[1]. https://www.sbs.com.au/news/act-of-evil-driver-arrested-after-4wd-hits-pedestrians-on-flinders-street

[2]. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-australia-42464310

[3]. http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-12-21/police-investigate-emergency-incident-in-central-melbourne/9280618

[4]. http://edition.cnn.com/2017/12/22/asia/melbourne-flinders-street-suspect-intl/index.html

[5]. http://www.smh.com.au/victoria/serious-situation-unfolding-at-flinders-and-elizabeth-streets-20171220-h089ce.html

[6]. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/2017_Las_Vegas_shooting

[7]. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Liberty_incident

Added after 13 Jan 2018:

[8]. https://www.globalresearch.ca/the-strange-fate-of-those-who-saw-jfk-shot/5625931

[9]. https://truepundit.com/fbi-agents-working-evidence-of-second-las-vegas-shooter-have-been-directed-by-dc-bosses-to-stand-down/

[10]. https://ukgovernmentwatch.wordpress.com/2018/01/14/records-fbi-knew-las-vegas-gunman-had-stashes-of-big-guns-ammunition-explosives/

[11]. http://canoe.com/news/world/fbi-knew-vegas-gunman-had-big-gun-stashes-records

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Dried sweet fruits as energy food

by tonytran2015 (Melbourne, Australia).

#dried, #sweet, #fruit, #longans, #banana, #survival, #food,

Dried sweet fruits as energy food. 

In general, any sweet fruit can be dried by the Sun and kept as an emergency energy food supply. Dried sweet fruits may also be used as components of food for survival (similarly to chocolate bars).

Many sweet fruits can be dried and kept in this way. They include bananas, longans, jack fruits, apricots, persimons, plums.

1. Advantage of naturally dried fruits.

a/ Dried fruits have practically no water content and is resistant to spoiling by mould.

b/ Dried fruits can be preserved at ambient temperature for a long time.

c. Concentrated sugar inhibits cell growth and bacterial growth. Dried sweet fruits can be preserved at ambient temperature for an even long time.

d. Well prepared dried sweet fruits which are properly kept in refrigerators  can be easily preserved for more than 10 years.

e/ The same fruits may be dried to different extents for totally different market requirements.

Example: Roll pressed bananas may be dried to a dark colour but still in pliable state for consumption in less than a year. They may be dried even further until becoming crunchy and can be preserved for more than a year.

f/ Naturally dried sweet fruit contains NO PRESERVATIVE, is less objectionable to health food enthusiasts.

2. Traditional method of drying fruits by sunlight.

a/ In tropical countries like Vietnam sweet fruits are just peeled and may be additionally cut or pressed into thin slices and placed on aerated plates.

b/ The aerated plates are placed on hot tin (or tiled) roofs every day from 9am to 3pm for about 14 days.

c/ The drying is completed when the fruits or fruit slices reach their individual required dryness.

d/ The drying of plates of fruits needs someone’s watching. The watcher keeps away birds, flies and ants. 

3. Improved method of drying fruits by sunlight. 

Fruit drying operators may place aerated trays of fruits in aerated enclosed glass boxes under sunlight.

This keeps birds, flies and ants out. 

4. Industrial method of drying fruits.

The fruits are placed inside a vacuum vessel and water eveporate from it. 

5. Roughshod methods of drying fruits.

a/ Fruit trays are placed on hot, black bitumen surface of paved roads. This method has been practiced in Vietnam. The dried fruits are then dirty and may have sands small gravels sticking to their surfaces.

b/ Fruits are placed in wire baskets in the hot  exhaust streams of the tractors or the transport trucks. There are rumours that the method may have been practiced in China. The dried fruits then have smoky smells and are contaminated with heavy metals from the exhaust streams.

6. Eating dried fruits.

Figure: Longan Fruits

Figure: Dried longans packed, wrapped and packed in paper box. This box was bought in year 2002.

The Vietnamese name for longans is “long nhãn” (long= dragon, nhãn= eye, long nhãn= eyes of dragons}.

Figure: Boiled longans. The longans come straight from the paper box bought in 2002 in the previous figure, having been kept in a refrigerator for 15 years.

a/ Some can be eaten without further preparation (roll pressed bananas, dried banana).

b/ Some are best boiled before eating (dried longans).

c/ AVOID eating any dried fruits prepared by roughshod methods. 

d/ You must clean your teeth after eating dried fruits, they have high sugar contents. 

CAUTIONS:

1. Warning on lead and heavy metals contamination of some imported dried fruits may be only the tips of some bigger icebergs.

2. Smoky smell of a dried fruit may be the sign that it had been dried by hot exhaust streams from tractors.

3. Sand and gravel contamination is the sign that the dried fruits had been dried on a road surface.

7. Where to find dried fruits.

Dried fruits may be found in Specialty Asian Foodstores.

The small pack of dried longans in the first figure may cost around 2AUD.

References.

[1]. 

Related SURVIVAL and HOW TO blogs:

Rice as emergency food., posted December 24, 2016

20161230_192839ricegrains2c60.jpg

Mung Beans as grains for self-reliance.

mung_beans.jpg

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 , Navigating with an AM MW radio receiverThe Scorpius constellationQuick fire making using sunlight.,The Orion constellationRice as emergency food , Using GPS in off-grid situationsIdentifying moderately bright navigational starsSlide Sky-Map for displaying tropical stars,…all.

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South Africa, a lesson to be learnt.

by tonytran2015 (Melbourne, Australia).

#South Africa,

South Africa, a lesson to be learnt.
There are a lot to be learnt from the history of Sourh Africa. The recent history of the country started with the colonialization by White settlers and continues to the present.

South Africa was among few Nuclear Powers in the 1970 [1]. It was among the 6 countries (USA, UK, Canafa. Australia, New Zealand, Sourh Africa) with mutual defence cooperation.

Currently, South Africa is only known for being a beautiful country and it is only in the middle in the ranking of countries in the World  [2].

The rise and fall of such a country should be a lesson to the policy makers of other countries.

References.

[1]. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/South_Africa_and_weapons_of_mass_destruction

[2]. https://www.brandsouthafrica.com/investments-immigration/business/economy/globalsurveys


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Climbing onto your own roof

by tonytran2015 (Melbourne, Australia)

#roof climbing, #house repairs,

Climbing onto your own roof.

During a recession, the cost of periodic roof inspections may be high for you. If your house is a single storey one and its roof is neither steep nor slippery then you may be able to climb onto it to carry out the inspections yourself. This will save you money and will also save you from scams on unnecessary repairs carried out by dishonest trademen.

This blog shows the essential safety points in getting onto your own roof.

1. Suitable footwear.

You need shoes with non-slip soft rubber soles.
2. Secure setup of the ladder.

Your climbing ladder must be securely set up.

The ladder should be inclined at the slope of 4 up 1 across. Its top must rest against a firm surface, its base must be on firm ground to stop it from tipping over.

The ladder may additionally need ropes tying it down at 45° to ground pegs on both sides to stop its top from sliding sideways and tipping over.

The top rung of the ladder should be nearly level to the roof surface you intend to climb onto. The two rails of the ladder should be higher than the roof top so that you can hold onto them to get onto or down from the roof top.

3. Safety line from a high point of the roof.
To avoid accidental falling to the ground you need a safety line tied from a high point of the roof to your body.

The other end of the safety line must be tied to a higher point of the roof.

A taut rope thrown across the horizontal ridge line and tied to a heavy sand bag on the ground on the other side of the roof may serve as a safety rope.

To lay such a safety rope, you may need to first throw a ball of feed line across the ridge then use the so laid feed line to pull up the safety rope.

4. Safe climbing onto your roof.
With the above 3 conditions satisfied, you may safely climb onto the non-steep, non-slippery roof of your single storey house.

Make sure that the safety rope has little slack, is strong enough to hold twice your weight and your roof is non-steep, non-slippery, then you can climb onto it. 

If necessary, move on your roof with all your two hands and two feets. This will spread your weight evenly and effectively prevent slips.

When you have got onto the roof, stick to the load bearing lines of your roof. The load bearing lines are along the nail lines of metal sheet roofs or along the horizontal toes lines of European terracotta tile roofs. 

CAUTION:

Some roofs (such as brittle tile roofs, thin plastic roofs, glass roofs) have NO LOAD BEARING LINES AT ALL and you must have specialist equipments to safely access them.

A valuable comment by  (https://brittius.wordpress.com/)):

Makes good points. In my younger years, I walked rooftops of structural fire buildings, and there’s more to it. The mattress feeling under your feet. Foreign matter on the roof that can cause slipping. Sub-roof structurally compromised, and collapse under your bodyweight, and I have seen firefighters fall through more than once. There’s a lot to it.

References

[1]. 

Related HOW TO blogs:

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Discussions on policies affecting societies.

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