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 divider43.jpgSURVIVAL TOPICS followed by polymeraust100dollarsMONEY , 20160105_145215CHOW TO , 20160105_145215CSOCIAL ISSUES and 20160105_145215CLIVING TOPICS.

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NAVIGATION (Celestial).

The Sun, the Moon and identifiable stars are used to work out North direction and time in this section.

divider43.jpg

Finding accurate directions by a watch .. Posted on May 12, 2015.. This is my novel technique. WatchCompass_22NL, Finding accurate directions using a watch, posted on May 19, 2015 . This is my novel technique to replace the horizontal watch method. DirectionBySun_12N, Caution in finding North by bisector line of a horizontal watch. Posted on October 28, 2015: The commonly known “Scout method” using a horizontal watch may give directional errors of up to 180 degrees in some circumstances. wpid-bisectorns2c.jpg, Finding directions and time using the Sun and a divider., posted on May 6, 2015. <<<—This is my MOST USEFUL novel technique. wpid-dividermwp3e2c2.jpgwpid-divider42cl2b.jpgwpid155-wpid-divider63cl.jpg. Using polarized light to locate the Sun when it is hidden from view. Posted on May 9, 2015. This is a useful technique. CloudyL, Finding North direction and time using the hidden Sun via the Moon . Posted on July 6, 2015This is a useful technique. moonshapesnangles4c.jpg, Finding North direction and time accurately from the horn line of the Moon. Posted on August 12, 2015. This is my novel technique. wpid-wp-1439376905855.jpeg, Finding North direction and time using the Moon surface features. Posted on July 1, 2015. This is a useful technique. wpid-wp-1435755781395.jpeg, Finding North and time by stars. Posted on August 28, 2015 PolrNorthNC20const8polrsouthq3c60.jpg

Finding North and time with unclear sky. Posted on October 17, 2015. This includes my novel method for finding North and with unclear sky. wpid-bstarsn20b.jpg wpid-bstarss20.jpg, posted on October 21, 2016 antare4smallc30.jpgfomalhautsmallc30.jpgariessmallc30.jpg, . Posted on May 25, 2016 mercator8gc30.jpg, , posted November 3, 2016 slide-sky-disk, Slide Sky-Map for displaying tropical stars, posted on October 7, 2016 photo, , posted July 22, 2016 NorthByKnownStar, Finding time to Sunset with bare hands. Posted on November 11, 2015 .This is my novel improvement for improved accuracy. wpid-sunset2.jpg. Finding time to Sunrise with star maps, Posted on January 9, 2016 . This is a novel application for star-maps. sunrise, Finding direction, distance and navigating to a distant base by stars (Part 1). Posted on January 27, 2016 . This is a novel application for direction of stars in the sky. PolrNorthNC20const8polrsouthq3c60.jpg, Finding direction, distance and navigating to a distant base by stars, fine reading of latitude (Part 2).. Posted on February 6, 2016. This is a novel way of accurately arriving at any chosen destination latitude using no instrument. BStarsN20Vega8C2.jpg

NAVIGATION using only constellations.

The Orion constellation., posted December 26, 2016 orionsamsungn2photo-640alignedc30b.jpg, The Scorpius constellation, posted on January 8, 2017 scorpiussaggigridaltc30.jpg20160418_013006enhenc2c30.jpg

NAVIGATION (Terrestrial).

Measuring angles and distances for outdoor survival, posted on June 29, 2016 DistPole

NAVIGATION (Instrumental).

Determining local magnetic declination by a magnetic compass, posted on March 31, 2016 Compass-Magnetic, , posted on June 14, 2016 compassflipMEDIUM

Selecting and using magnetic compasses, posted on July 9, 2016 JapLensatic, Using GPS in off-grid situations., posted December 6, 2016 , Navigating with an AM MW radio receiver, posted January 17, 2017 radiosony

FIRE MAKING.

Making fire and lighting cigarettes with sunlight. Posted on February 27, 2016 StormWatchDiagram, Quick fire making using sunlight, posted on January 4, 2017 20161222_131508gballfirec60.jpg, Mirror for making fire using sunlight., posted on April 13, 2016 20160105_143215C

FOOD

Rice as emergency food., posted December 24, 2016 20161230_192839ricegrains2c60.jpg

MISCELLANEOUS

Old maps:

Interesting maps of old Saigon , posted on March 20, 2016 . SaigonThanhQuy

Detecting Counterfeit Currency

click to go to MONEY or HOW TO or SOCIAL ISSUES or LIVING  pages.

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Vietnamese (Lunar) New Year Custom for Westerners

by tonytran2015 (Melbourne, Australia).

#Lunar New Year, #Tết Nguyên Đán , #Tết Nguyên Tiêu, #Lunar Calendar, #Festival, #activities, #custom, #survival,

Vietnamese (Lunar) New Year Custom for Westerners.

To many Western and Vietnamese people, it is hard to tell when East Asian Lunar New Year (“Tết Âm Lịch” in Vietnamese) will come. To add to the confusion there are also different New Year days for its neighboring East Asian countries like China, Korea, etc… When the Festival comes they are again surprised at the activities or inactivity! This blog helps them understand the festival and know the custom to plan their activities to avoid any inconvenience.

In short description, the traditional New Year Festival (“Tet” in Vietnamese) is a period of long holidays and prolonged shut downs of normal trading. The details are explained in the following.

1. When is a Vietnamese New Year Day?

Figure: Moon phases.

The first new Lunar month after Winter Solstice is always named the Final Month (“thang Chạp” in Vietnamese; the name may come (?) from the word “tháng LẬP Đông”). The end of that month is the Lunar New Year. Neighboring Asian countries (China, Korea) all use this rule but the New Year day of each country may differ by one day or sometimes one month due to their different time zones.

All months here denote Lunar months unless otherwise specified. Month are name Month 1 to Final Month and there may be 13 months in a Lunar Year with the Leap Month bearing the name of its preceding Month appended with the word “Leap”.

Note that the Final Month may be either a 12th month in a non-leap or a 13th month in a leap year.

2. What are the Vietnamese New Year Holidays?

Seafaring Vietnamese people finish their fishing activities before the stormy season (month 7 of Lunar Year). Agricultural Vietnamese people in the countryside finish their harvest before Winter Solstice. So the Final month of a Lunar Year is ready to be a time for preparation or enjoyment of New Year Festival.

The Festival holidays may begin in the Final Month and continue through Month 1, 2, 3, 4 (“tháng Giêng, tháng 2 3, 4” in Vietnamese), If there is any leap month falling between Month 1 and Month 4 then the holidays are also extended by that extra month.

The popular quotes in Vietnamese is “Tháng Giêng là tháng ăn chơi, tháng Hai cờ bạc, tháng Ba hội hè”. It means First Month is for Enjoying Pleasures, Month 2 for Enjoying Gambling, Month 3 for Carnivals, Meetings”

Agricultural people have to come back to their work on Lunar Month 4. Since Lunar Month 2 the sea becomes calm and fishermen can resume their work. Vietnamese fishermen are most busy when the star Arcturus Bootes is shining (Note that Arcturus Bootes is a star of the night on April 25th; it is called “Sao Một”, top ranked star, by Central Vietnamese people).

3. What are the activities in Vietnamese New Year Festivals.

a. Food and drinks are to be stored up to the brims of containers in each household (to make a wish of having prosperity for the coming New Year.). Food and drinks are supposed to be adequate for all requirements of the household for more than two months. “Tết” can also be considered a practice run for survival in disasters, for that Vietnam has had many).

The concept of “just in time” does not apply here. Prices are outrageously higher in some areas including Saigon (up to 10 times higher when buying from traders originating from Northern Vietnam)  in the month long New Year Festival period.

b. Most trading activities (including non-emergency transportation) are to cease from New Year Eve to the 10th day of First Month [5].

Everyone is provided with an opportunity to come back to his or her home town for Family Reunion. People already in their home town are also provided with a practice run for survival with reduced transportation and without trading.

Transportation people expect to be showered with 100% to 200% tips.

Example: During Tet Festival, economy class return air tickets by Vietnam Airlines from Melbourne to Saigon may cost AUD1500/person (too high?) while an economy class return air ticket on Thai Airway from Melbourne to Bangkok may cost only around AUD600/person.

So your own transportation is almost basic essential.

c. People from distant places may have additional holiday time to travel to their home town and back. Boat travelers may need encompassing full Moons to travel by rivers, canals to their home places.

d. All houses are to be cleaned up and decorated to celebrate the New Year. This activity commences early and does not end until New Year Eve. Houses and monuments are to be decorated with whole trees or cut branches of “cây mai” (Ochna integerrima or Ochna) which have been made to blossom flowers on the First day of New Year.

e. Food, preserved food and offerings are to be prepared to Festival days. Vietnamese food for New Year includes “bánh chưng” (steamed cooked loaf), “bánh dầy” (thick loaf), “bánh tét” (loaf that can only be cut by Splitting its wrapping made of banana leaves). “xôi vò” (rolled and squeezed sticky rice), “cơm rượu” (fermented cooked sticky rice) , “rượu đế” or “rượu nếp” (Vietnamese distilled alcoholic spirit made from fermented cooked sticky rice), “rượu nếp than” (Vietnamese distilled alcoholic spirit with the colour of charcoal, made from fermented cooked purple sticky rice). “tôm khô” (dried salted prawns), “khô mực” (dried salted squid), “củ kiệu ngâm dẩm” (pickled leek bulbs in vinegar).

f. Permanent Indoor Altars are to be decorated with white or red lilies (“hoa hụê” in Vietnamese). Incense and candles are to be lighted on altars.

Figure:Lilies from a Vietnamese stall in Melbourne at AUD 15/bundle.

Figure: Gladio Li from a Big W Supermarket in Melbourne at AUD 12.88/bundle.

Figure:Lilies from an Aldi Supermarket in Melbourne at AUD 4.99/bundle.

g. On the 23rd of Final Month, people have to make Farewell Ceremony for Three Inhouse Monitors from Heaven (“Hai Ông Một Bà Táo” in Vietnamese; they resides in the family earthenware stoves and have charred, blackened, faces). The three Inhouse Monitors from Heaven work similarly to real life Resident In-house Monitoring Agents of Ward Police (Ward Police = “Công An Phường” of current Socialist Vietnam; a ward is a subdivision of a district which, in turn, is a subdivision of a town or city).

i. Without the Three In-house Monitors from Heaven all activities in the household are now off-the-records!

j. Good-time boys and good-time girls now may do non-righteous things without worrying about having bad records made in Heaven. Some people from Northern Vietnam takes this off-the-record time to do  go out eating dogs!

k. On the last day of Final Month a temporary Altar have to be made and placed on top of an upright long pole for the Deceased Ancestors to reside (the assemblage is called “cây Nêu” in Vietnamese) and enjoy New Year celebration with their living descendants.

l. From Sunset to New Year Commencement at midnight, people have to make Welcome Ceremony for new Three In-house Monitors from Heaven (“Hai Ong Mot Ba Tao” in Vietnamese). The new Three Monitors have been rotated by Heaven from some other household to ensure equality and impartiality.

m. All good and bad deeds from people in the household are from now observed and recorded again by new Three In-house Monitors.

o. Incense and candles are to be lighted on the small Altar in the front yard for the Jade Supreme God of Heaven (“Ông Thiên” or “Ngọc-Hoàng Thượng-Đế”). This altar for the Supreme God does NOT have any statue, drawing and no more than the words “Môn-Khẫu Thiên-Địa” (The doorway to Heaven and Earth”).

p. Incense and candles are to be lighted on the small Altar on Ground Surface for the local Custodian God of the local Land (“Ông Địa”). People from North Vietnam now have the local Custodian God of the local Land sharing his altar with the White Eyebrow God (“Thần Bạch Mi”), the Patron God of Prostitutes.

Figure: Custodian God (having big fat belly) of the local Land sharing an altar with White Eyebrow God (having white eyebrows) . 

Note that the White Eyebrow God (“Thần Bạch Mi”) is totally different from the God of Lucks (“Thần Tài”), who rides a horse and wears an Imperial Court Administrative Official suit with WINGED Head Wear.
q. Midnight comes. This is the commencement of New Year. Trading (buying and selling) is a taboo for the next 72 hours. Higher prices are expected both before and after this 72 hours period.

r. New Year Celebration begins with detonation of fire crackers to scare away any bad spirits.

This is just like scaring away robbers and bandits during any change of guards.

Figure: Two Fire-crackers chains (in red colour) are hung from the ceiling to the ground. They are carefully guarded before they are burnt. 

Figure: Fire-crackers make crackling sounds and flashes. This Lion Dance is on the third day of New Year (2018Feb18z) in Sunshine, Victoria, Australia. Identical firecrackers are burnt in traditional Celebration at commencement of a Lunar New Year.


s. People make offerings to their ancestors at the indoor permanent altars for ancestors.

t. People go to Pagodas to break and take home (vandalize?) any of blossoming branches of “mai” trees there (“Hái lộc”).

u. First day of New Year is for Family reunion. Note that married women are considered family members of their husbands and not of their maiden family.

v. Second day of New Year is for Married Women to come back and reunite to their maiden families WITH their husbands and children.

w. Third day of New Year is for visit to former Teachers and people who brought/made working people to their current status.

x. Fourth day of New Year: People can enjoy their own chosen festival activities.

y. Seventh day of New Year: The temporary Altar (“Nêu” in Vietnamese) have to be dismantled and Deceased Ancestors are sent back to their Heavenly place.

Some shops may reopen on the Eighth day of New Year.

z. First Full Moon of New Year is “Hội Trăng Rằm” in Vietnamese (Carnival of Full Moon, “Tết Nguyên Tiêu” in Chinese written literature/history). People go to Pagodas to pray and make offering. Unmarried people go to the Carnivals of First Full Moon to select their matches (as described in the folk song of “Hát Hội Trăng Rằm”).

aa. New Year Festivals close. People relax to enter Month 2 for leisures.

Prices of good fall back to new levels which are not necessarily the old level. The high prices during the Festivals have been their stress-tests. Traders have evaluated supplies and demands during those tests and will confidently apply their new prices!

The popular quotes in Vietnamese is “Tháng Giêng là tháng ăn chơi, tháng Hai cờ bạc, tháng Ba hội hè”. It means First Month is for Enjoying Pleasures, Month 2 for Enjoying Gambling, Month 3 for Carnivals, Meetings”

 

References.

[1].  tonytran2015, When-is-lunar-new-year-khi-nao-la-tet-am-lich , posted on 2018 January 1st.

[2]. tonytran2015, Simple-determination-of-east-asia-lunisolar-new-year , posted on 2017 January 19th.

[3]. http://www.bbc.com/vietnamese/vietnam/story/2006/07/printable/060704_lichvietnam.shtml

[4]. https://m.thanhnien.vn/van-hoa/vi-sao-nam-nay-viet-nam-an-tet-truoc-trung-quoc-mot-ngay-317188.html

[5]. https://tuoitre.vn/khach-bay-bat-ngo-vi-gia-ve-may-bay-tang-nhu-tet-20171003082319591.htm

Added after 2018Feb19:

[6]. https://perspectiveofawriter.wordpress.com/2018/02/09/lunar-new-year-in-south-korea-and-asia/

[7]. http://fragilemyths.com/2018/02/17/thoughts-lunar-new-year/

Related LIVING blogs:

Herbal noodle soup of stewed fried duck / Mi vit tiem, posted 2017/11/23

The agonizing choice of Vietnamese food dishes, posted September 27, 2017

Rice as emergency food., posted December 24, 2016

20161230_192839ricegrains2c60.jpg

Mung Beans as grains for self-reliance.

mung_beans.jpg

LatestLongan Fruits.jpgLIVING  blogs:

Authentic Herbal Noodle Soup of Stewed, Fried Duck (Mì Vịt Tiềm chánh gốc)Herbal noodle soup of stewed fried duck / Mi vit tiemThe agonizing choice of Vietnamese food dishes,   ,   , Mung Beans as grains for self-reliance. , Rice as emergency food.,…all.

RELATED SURVIVAL blogs:

Using polarized light to locate the Sun when it is hidden from view. . Posted on May 9, 2015. This is a useful technique.

Using GPS in off-grid situations., posted December 6, 2016

Adding longitude and latitude lines to a map, posted August 23, 2017

Navigating with an AM MW radio receiver, posted January 17, 2017

radio sony

Latestdivider43.jpgSURVIVAL  blogs:

, Navigating with an AM MW radio receiver, The Scorpius constellation, Quick fire making using sunlight.,The Orion constellation, Rice as emergency food , Using GPS in off-grid situations, Identifying moderately bright navigational stars, Slide Sky-Map for displaying tropical stars,…all.

Click here to go to Divider63D400 Home Page (Navigation-Survival-How To-Money).

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Government may be behind Bubble Markets

by tonytran2015 (Melbourne, Australia)

#bubble market, #market crash, #share market, #investment mania, #capital gain, #tax, #duty, #government, 

Government may be behind Bubble Markets.

The arguments here use data and laws for only Australia but they are supposed to be applicable to other similar countries.

 

1. Government makes money on all transfer of wealth and all betting.

Let us say that any share trading market is only a place with zero sum for gains, just like a legalized casino (but with less requirements for transparency and fairness). There will always be winners and losers.


The government collects stamp duties on all transfer of wealth (ownership of shares) and betting (based on Contracts for Index Trading and Call and Put Options for shares).

The winners pay stamp duties and taxes on capital gains. The losers can ONLY deduct their capital losses against any current or future capital gains OF THE SAME NATURE!

That means you cannot deduct capital losses from shareholdings against capital gains in gold investment!

If a shareholder get very dispirited and decide never to own shares again, the Government win on the capital gain taxes he already paid on his IMAGINARY gains (during the growth of the Bubble)!

 

2. Government collects non-refundable stamp duties and capital gain taxes on all form of IMAGINARY capital gains.

During the bubble phase, most capital gains are imaginary and the government is quite happy collecting stamp duties and capital gain taxes on those imaginary capital gains!

 

3. There is more trading  during any crash.

A crash of any market is only a (equitable or otherwise) transfer of wealth.

The computers for Share Trading have been overloaded and shut down in past crashes due to hectic trading. There will be obligations to complete the transfers of wealth after the trading.

A government always collect more stamp duties during crash despite its lip service that it shares the anguish of losers.


4. Australian government has been pumping up bank shares.


a. It allows shareholders to bet that bank shares would rise (by buying Call options and Selling put options) but penalize those shareholders who have “Put options” (by disqualifying them from offsetting company taxes against their personal income taxes)

 

b. It prohibits day traders (of shares) from selling first and buy back later the bank shares they don’t have. However it does not stop day traders from buying first resell later with the money they may not have ! (You are not allowed to sell in the morning the overpriced bank shares and buy them cheaper in the afternoon to fulfill the obligation caused by the contract in the morning).

 

5. Conclusion.

 Just follow the money then people can see that Australian government benefits more from Bubble Markets than from “Fair Markets”. It may advise caution to investors but actually it may enjoy the money it collects from Bubble Markets of any form (for shares, real estates, bitcoins, tulips, gold, etc…).

Therefore it may be unnatural to expect a government to stop the growth of any bubble in its markets. It may actually have lent a hand to their growth!

 

Figure: Predicting a share market crash is really difficult.

Figure: Tulips (currently at $2 a bulb).

Figures: 1 ounce gold slab.

 

References

[1]. A satirical guide to signs of an impending crash for small investors,

[2]. Signs-pointing-to-an-impending-crash-for-small-investors,

[3]. Bitcoins-tulips-sparkling-diamonds-fiat-moneys-and-gold,

[4]. http://riggedgame.blog/2018/02/06/largest-cryptocurrencies-plunge-50-80-372-bn-gone-in-1-month-will-it-hit-the-us-economy/

[5]. http://riggedgame.blog/2018/02/11/the-game-truly-is-rigged-admits-economist-magazine/


RELATED MONEY Blogs

, posted on 17 April 2017 ,

, posted on 07 May 2017 ,

, posted on 10 Jun 2017 ,

moneyd20.jpg

The Parasites of Western Economy, Part 5: Company Asset Strippers and Conspirators posted on 13 August 2017 ,

moneyd20.jpg
, , , Cashless bartering for survival, Federal Reserve Bank charges undeserved fees to Americans., A satirical guide to signs of an impending crash for small investors, Your fiat money (Part 2), Your fiat money, Bankers given outrageous incomes by their boards, Signs pointing to an impending crash for small investors,Bankers earn more than interest margin on secured loans, Can most pension funds last?, all

Click here for my other blogs on SURVIVAL

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Smashed mung bean (green) peas in crushed ice

by tonytran2015 (Melbourne, Australia).

#Smashed mung bean, #drink, #dessert, #Chè đậu xanh, #nước dừa đường cát,

Smashed mung bean (green) peas in crushed ice.

Smashed mung bean (green) peas in crushed ice (Chè đậu xanh) is a delicious, simple Vietnamese thick drink or dessert dish. It is sometimes served with boiled concentrated coconut extract (Chè đậu xanh nước dừa đường cát)

(Chè = sweet thick Drink/Dessert, Đậu= Peas, Xanh= green, Nước= Juice, Dừa= Coconut, Đường=Sugar, Cát= of small grains)

 

1. Recipe.

Figure: Smashed mung bean (green) peas in crushed ice in 150ml glass. 
1. Buy split peas of mung beans. They are made by crushing the mung bean (green) peas. The outer green crusts have been discarded, the yellow cores are split. Only the yellow, kidney shaped half cores are retained and sold as split mung bean (green) peas.

2. Boil the split mung bean peas until they are soften and broken up into a thick yellow paste.

3. You may add refined sugar (ordinary refined, table sugar, “đường cát” in Vietnamese) to the mixture to suit your taste.

4. Some people may add boiled coconut extract (nước dừa) to the mixture. I don’t, it is just not my taste and it may cause stomach upset if left at room temperature for too long.

CAUTIONS:

1. A nutritious, healthy drink may become a harmful drink if the traditional recipes are not observed.

2. Cooks using unauthentic recipes may use artificial sweetener (saccharin) in the drink to reduce their purchase cost of ordinary sugar! The traditional recipes has no such modern ingredient

3. If your mouth and your taste feel not normal about 30 minutes after taking this drink, you may have consumed some artificial sweetener.

 

2. Alternative dessert from whole mung beans.

Some people may boil whole mung bean peas until the green crusts separate and the yellow cores are just split and softened. The crusts are not removed from the yellow split cores.

This whole pea dessert is then served. It is not as soft as the other drink/dessert.

 

3. Ingredients.

Figure: Mung beans of 5mm size.

The whole Mung Bean peas are in the photograph. The peas are then crushed into a green crust and two half cores each is yellow and has kidney shape. The yellow half cores are sold as split Mung Bean (green) peas.

4. Where to find it.

It is a common drink (costing 40000VND =$2.00US in 2017) in Vietnam (in Saigon).  In Australia, it cost $4.00AUD.

Outside Vietnam, you may expect it to cost about $3.00US.

References.

[1]. Mung Beans as grains for self-reliance, https://wordpress.com/post/survivaltricks.wordpress.com/4998

[2]. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saccharin

Related LIVING blogs:

Herbal noodle soup of stewed fried duck / Mi vit tiem, posted 2017/11/23

The agonizing choice of Vietnamese food dishes, posted September 27, 2017

Rice as emergency food., posted December 24, 2016

20161230_192839ricegrains2c60.jpg

Mung Beans as grains for self-reliance.

mung_beans.jpg

Latest

Longan Fruits.jpgLIVING  blogs:

Authentic Herbal Noodle Soup of Stewed, Fried Duck (Mì Vịt Tiềm chánh gốc), Herbal noodle soup of stewed fried duck / Mi vit tiem, , The agonizing choice of Vietnamese food dishes , Mung Beans as grains for self-reliance. , Rice as emergency food.,…all.

Click here to go to Divider63D400 Home Page (Navigation-Survival-How To-Money).

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Bitcoins, Tulips, Sparkling Diamonds, Fiat Moneys and Gold

by tonytran2015 (Melbourne, Australia)

#Bitcoins, #tulips, #diamond, fiat money, #gold, #investment, #investment mania,

Bitcoins, Tulips, Sparkling Diamonds, Fiat Moneys and Gold.

You may want to store your earning surplus for rainy days. Here are a number of easy options, including those of the current and past investment manias! They are gold, fiat money, sparkling diamonds, tulips and bitcoins.

1. Bitcoins.

Imagine a club with limited number of equal ranking memberships (less than 10 million memberships). The memberships are transferable (can be resold), you can buy more than one membership, and memberships are well protected from counterfeiting (using Blockchain technology).

Currently the price for each membership is higher than $1000US and keeps on rising. Memberships from competing similar clubs are also booming.

How much would you pay for one membership to belong to the club? US$16000 or US$10000 or US$1000 or US$100 ?

The club is now known as the Bitcoin Owners Club. Competing clubs are for owners of other crypto-currencies.

2. Tulips.

Figure: Tulips (currently at $2 a bulb).

Tulips are beautiful flowers which require skillful cultivation and are perishable.

There was an (informal) club of Tulips owners in Holland. Anyone owning a beautiful tulip is automatically its member (You don’t need to grow the flowers yourself, you can buy them from anyone and they are good until they perish!). This informal club flourished then quickly dissolved itself in Holland. The phenomenon is named the Tulips Investment Mania.

Obviously people have to grow tulip flowers to harvest them and the total number of tulips is limited as their total mass cannot exceed the mass of our plannet Earth!

How much are you prepared to pay for a beautiful Dutch tulip now?

There were numerous analogue repeats of the tulips mania in Vietnam. They did not use tulips but used instead chameleons, quails, specific types of fish in fish tanks. Those manias all ended up in the same way.

Figure: Any other flowers can also be used to start a mania.

3. Sparkling Diamonds.

Figure: Glass model of a “brilliant cut” diamond.

The sparkling diamonds are mined and marketed by De Beer Group. Its successful marketing slogan is “Diamonds are forever”. You pay high price for any diamond but you would be lucky to get half of that money when reselling the diamond immediately after buying.

Nevertheless, girls are still asking their husbands for diamonds!

4. Fiat money.

Figure: Fiat money can always be used to pay taxes. .

You are forced to receive your salary in the fiat money of the country you are living in!

Fiat money may partially “perish” due to inflation or may (very rarely) appreciate due to its scarcity.

Fiat money can always be used to settle your taxes, service fees and fines with your government whereas tulips and bitcoins cannot.


Figure: Modified photograph of a note of US$100, the best known fiat currency in the World.


5. Gold.

Figures: 1 ounce gold slab.

Gold is a compact commodity. It can be swapped for any other commodity when there is a need.

There is always a demand for gold everywhere and the supply cost is almost constant in human history. So gold can be bought as a form of compact property and sold when required.

6. Conclusion.

You have now been informed to make some choice with your earning surplus. Be warned, it may PERISH with your wrong choice.

The next level of questioning is how can someone fool so many people in those Investment Manias.

References

[1]. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bitcoin

[2]. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tulip_mania

[3]. https://survivaltricks.wordpress.com/2017/01/12/your-fiat-money-part-2/

[4]. https://survivaltricks.wordpress.com/2017/04/28/gold-for-storing-wealth/


Added after 2018 Feb 05:

[5]. https://irishinfosecnews.wordpress.com/2018/02/05/the-new-gold-rush-a-look-inside-cryptocurrency-fraud/


[6]. http://riggedgame.blog/2018/02/06/largest-cryptocurrencies-plunge-50-80-372-bn-gone-in-1-month-will-it-hit-the-us-economy/


[7]. https://wolfstreet.com/2018/02/05/largest-cryptocurrencies-plunge-50-80-372-bn-gone-in-1-month-will-it-hit-the-economy/


[8]. https://venitism.wordpress.com/2018/02/08/cryptocurrency-2018/



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Is this still the same nation of USA?

by tonytran2015 (Melbourne, Australia).

#Foreign Affairs, #war, #US, #Deep State, #ally, #Middle East, #Japan, #Korea, #Philippines, #Military-Industrial Complex,

Is this still the same nation of USA?

1. A changed nation after the two World Wars.

Ever since the first World War, USA nation has transformed itself into a war powered empire. Wars are then needed to collect oppressive reparations from the losers.[1,..3]

Wars are needed for consumption of weapons to enrich the influential owners of Defence Industry and to maintain their social status. These influential owners of defence industry and their allies can make or break most Presidential, senatorial and Congressional candidates (The Military, Industrial, Congressional Triangle or Complex). The campaign paid, successfully elected officials are then to repay their election campaign financial donors by instructing the Pentagon and the CIA to engender (create), engage and escalate in all possible wars [4,..13].

2. A corrupt political system against the founding constitution of the nation.

USA has now become corrupt and hijacked by an unelected Deep State. Even an elected president is under daily threat of Impeachment while people of the Deep State are always exonerated from every type of charge [14,..28]..

3. A war seeking nation.

USA is then engaging in creating new enemies (against US interests) out of potential friends . Some examples are:
Russian people had been waiting for US aids after the collapse and dissolution of the Soviet Union. Russian people expected temporary humanitarian aids as well as help to set up a genuine free market system for their country. Those aids never came. Instead, there were only American con men coming to rob Russia out of its national wealth. Current Russian President V. Putin became a Russian hero when he reorganized Russia and took back many robbed wealth. This was well documented by Western news outlets at that time.[29,…35].

4. An ambition to be a nuclear monopoly.

The ambition of the American Empire to monopolize nuclear weapons and to make a show case against any non-submission by small countries such as India, Pakistan, North Korea. The US wants to play North Korea for fools. It wants North Korea to surrender its hard-won Nuclear Power achievement.[36].
The threat of 1992 war against NK with US nuclear weapons ready.

The criticism against Pakistan, India on nukes while supporting nuclear weapons for Israel [37,..40].

5. An abuser of International Cooperation spirit.

USA has attempted to use UN selectively for its own aim. USA uses the UN label when it suits its purpose and denounce the UN when it is against US [41,..43].

USA has created Israel using the UN [43], then ignored and veto every UN resolution on Israel.

Calling UN a house of lies.

Israel’s Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu had promised to reject the results of the vote, calling the UN a “house of lies”.
Afterwards he said in a statement: “Israel thanks President Trump for his unequivocal position in favour of Jerusalem and thanks those countries that voted alongside Israel, alongside the truth.”

[44],

Israeli Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu dubbed the United Nations a ‘house of lies’ on Thursday, ahead of a General Assembly vote on a resolution rejecting US recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital.

[45],

JERUSALEM (Reuters) – Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu described the United Nations as a “house of lies” ahead of a vote on Thursday on a draft resolution calling on the United States to withdraw its recognition of Jerusalem as Israel’s capital.

[46].
US attacked Iraq without any UN authorisation.

US threatened to attack North Korea without any UN’s authorization.

6. USA harbours an ambition to occupy and redraw the maps and rewrite histories of the whole Middle East.

The ambition to occupy and dominate all Middle East and Muslim countries by some groups of lobbyists in the US. They want to extend the Balfour plan. They plan to use American war against North Korean to kick-start an American war against Iran for their own advantage.

First they played God by forming countries by drawing their fingers across the map, robbing lands from some local populations like Palestinian, while leaving many like Kurdish population without any country [47,..53].

They have no problem sacrificing their US servicemen [54,..55]

The ruthlessness of this group is well demonstrated by their orchestrated actions to sacrifice a long time small ally of USA which was South Vietnam. In doing so they destroyed US credibility for their (not American) benefits.

The loss of Vietnam war caused by news anchorman Cronkites, Jane Fonda [60].

7. USA has already lost its reputation as a global ally.

Consequently, USA has ceased being a reliable global ally to any ideology

But the United States did not keep its word. Is an American’s word reliable these days? (Nguyen Van Thieu)

The United States did not keep its promise to help us fight for freedom and it was in the same fight that the United States lost 50,000 of its young men. (Nguyen Van Thieu)

You ran away and left us to do the job that you could not do. (Nguyen Van Thieu)

“In December 1974, the Democratic majority in Congress passed the Foreign Assistance Act of 1974, which cut off all military funding to the South Vietnamese government and made unenforceable the peace terms negotiated by Nixon. Nixon… had resigned his office.Gerald R. Ford, Nixon’s vice-president stepped in to finish his term on August 9, 1974. The new president vetoed the Foreign Assistance Act, but his veto was overridden by Congress. … (Embassador) Martin pleaded with the U.S. government to send $700 million in emergency aid to South Vietnam in order to bolster the Saigon regime’s ability to fight and mobilize fresh military units, but it was to no avail.”

[61,62].
Around April 1st, 1975 (the final month before South Vietnam surrendered to North Vietnam), even the ship bringing US military aids to South Vietnam was ordered by a US Congress woman to turn around to bring the shipment to Israel instead!

8. Other nations have not and would not overlook these factors.

The Philippines is now at acute risk of being traded for some US interest (Nuclear war against NK) or non-interest (Nuclear attack on Iran and occupation of the Middle East). Philippine President Duterte may face a difficult choice when betting on an unreliable ally (who was thrown out of the Philippines after its abandonment of South Vietnam).

South Korea and Japan have to learn to be self-reliant militarily. They may need nuclear parity against their neighbours. Reliance on the US to be abandoned (like South Vietnam and Ukraine) is not good policy.

Despite the objection from USA, detente talk between North and South Korea and their cooperation in the 2018 Olympic are encouraging signs.

.

References

[1]. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_I_reparations

[2]. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_War_II_reparations

[3]. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/earth-insight/2014/mar/20/iraq-war-oil-resources-energy-peak-scarcity-economy

[4]. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Eisenhower%27s_farewell_address

[5]. http://mcadams.posc.mu.edu/jfk_cia.htm

[6]. https://www.gizmodo.com.au/2017/03/the-story-behind-that-jfk-quote-about-destroying-the-cia/

[7]. http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-10-26/jfk-files-release-could-expose-cia-fbi-coverup-lee-harvey-oswald/9087384

[8]. http://www.canberratimes.com.au/world/british-newspaper-got-anonymous-call-25-minutes-before-jfk-assassination-20171027-gza27f.html

[9]. https://rutherford.org/publications_resources/john_whiteheads_commentary/a_tale_of_two_americas_where_the_rich_get_richer_and_the_poor_go_to_jail_sh

[10]. http://freespeechtwentyfirstcentury.com/2018/01/10/teacher-questions-superintendents-massive-raise-so-shes-assaulted-and-arrested/

[10b]. https://riggedgame.blog/2018/01/07/trump-isnt-another-hitler-hes-another-obama/

[11]. https://alethonews.wordpress.com/2018/01/14/cia-and-the-assassination-of-leaders-overseas/

[12]. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_wars_involving_the_United_States

[13]. https://www.thenation.com/article/americas-secret-war-134-countries/
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Military%E2%80%93industrial_complex

[14]. https://70news.wordpress.com/2018/01/21/plot-fbi-conducted-fake-hillary-clinton-investigation-frame-trump-with-fake-russia-conspiracy/

[15]. https://brittius.wordpress.com/2018/01/19/corruption-in-high-places-americas-greatest-issue/

[16]. https://brittius.wordpress.com/2018/01/19/house-votes-to-table-trump-impeachment-roll-call-1-19-18-posted-on-1-19-2018-125903-pm-by-markomalley-members-of-both-parties-in-the-house-of-representatives-voted-overwhelmingly-friday-to-tabl/

[17]. https://brittius.wordpress.com/2018/01/19/house-votes-to-table-trump-impeachment-roll-call-1-19-18-posted-on-1-19-2018-125903-pm-by-markomalley-members-of-both-parties-in-the-house-of-representatives-voted-overwhelmingly-friday-to-tabl/

[18]. https://arlinreport.com/2018/01/19/corruption-in-high-places-americas-greatest-issue/

[19]. https://brittius.wordpress.com/2018/01/19/fisa-abuse-memo-will-expose-corrupt-tyrant-obama-sting-operation-against-trump-dan-bongino/

[20]. https://sonoranorte.wordpress.com/2018/01/19/shocking-top-secret-memo-to-be-released-to-public-a-scandal-bigger-than-watergate/

[21]. https://reclaimourrepublic.wordpress.com/2018/01/20/video-fisa-abuse-smoking-gunstill-smoking-house-intel-comte-releases-fusion-gps-testimony-transcript-hannity/

[22]. https://peskytruth.wordpress.com/2018/01/19/a-scandal-of-democrats/

[23]. https://www.infowars.com/former-secret-service-agent-fisa-memo-will-destroy-image-of-benevolent-Obama/

[24]. https://brittius.wordpress.com/2018/01/19/two-republican-representatives-call-for-making-intelligence-memo-on-the-russia-investigation-public/

[25]. https://jonathanturley.org/2018/01/19/harvard-professor-hillary-clinton-could-still-be-president/
Social disruption is now mainstream activities.

[26]. https://brittius.wordpress.com/2018/01/19/not-content-just-to-kill-babies-planned-parenthood-will-now-inject-children-with-hormone-sex-change-drugs/

[27]. https://counterinformation.wordpress.com/2018/01/20/us-intelligence-could-well-have-wiretapped-trump-ron-paul/

[28]. http://redlegagenda.com/2018/01/20/jared-kushners-firm-tied-to-suspicious-transactions-at-german-bank/

[28b]. https://www.upi.com/Study-Top-1-percent-owns-40-percent-of-nations-wealth-highest-point-in-50-years/6591512711491/

[29]. https://www.clearias.com/disintegration-of-the-ussr/

[30]. https://mgiedu.wordpress.com/2016/10/23/disintegration-of-the-ussr-reasons-and-impact/

[31]. https://www.dailywire.com/news/18593/flashback-time-magazine-1996-bragged-about-how-us-joseph-curl

[32]. https://brittius.wordpress.com/2018/01/11/kremlin-u-s-report-accusing-russia-of-election-meddling-harms-relations-u-s-claims-russian-relentless-assault-on-democratic-institutions-worldwide/

[33]. http://www.nytimes.com/1992/04/02/world/aid-to-russia-buying-time-for-yeltsin.html

[34]. https://www.rt.com/news/415883-putin-communist-ideology-christianity/

[35]. http://www.thehindu.com/thread/politics-and-policy/why-does-the-western-world-hate-russia/article19279052.ece

[35b]. https://redlegagenda.com/2018/02/15/1898-the-maine-explodes-2/

[36]. https://stanstasblog.wordpress.com/2018/01/12/little-rocket-man-wins-the-round-by-patrick-j-buchanan/

[37]. https://counterinformation.wordpress.com/2018/01/09/trumps-nuclear-threat-against-north-korea-warrants-removal-from-office/

[38]. https://counterinformation.wordpress.com/2018/01/15/the-pentagon-papers-and-the-daniel-ellsberg-story-you-wont-see-in-the-post/

[39]. https://acenewsservices.wordpress.com/2017/12/13/washington-tillerson-says-us-willing-to-talk-to-north-korea-without-pre-condition-as-kim-un-jong-declares-that-he-intends-to-produce-more-weapons-make-them-the-strongest-nuclear-power-state-me/

[40]. https://alethonews.wordpress.com/2018/01/19/russia-doesnt-plan-to-join-treaty-on-prohibition-of-nuclear-weapons-lavrov/war.

[41]. https://brittius.wordpress.com/2018/01/11/china-warns-u-s-on-trade-u-s-claims-china-uses-market-access-restrictions-or-other-tools-to-compel-foreign-companies-to-hand-over-technology/

[42]. https://redlegagenda.com/2018/01/18/1985-united-states-walks-out-of-world-court-case/

[43]. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_Israel

[43b]. https://zionismchristianzionism.com/2018/02/13/the-myth-of-the-u-n-creation-of-israel/

[44]. http://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-42446027

[45]. https://www.sbs.com.au/news/israel-pm-rejects-jerusalem-vote-at-un-house-of-lies

[46]. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-trump-israel-un-netanyahu/israels-netanyahu-calls-u-n-house-of-lies-before-jerusalem-vote-idUSKBN1EF14U

[47]. https://alethonews.wordpress.com/2018/01/15/us-creates-rift-among-russia-turkey-and-iran/

[48]. https://theuglytruth.wordpress.com/2018/01/09/trump-faces-deadlines-this-week-that-could-decide-fate-of-iran-deal/

[49]. https://counterinformation.wordpress.com/2018/01/10/america-persistently-seeks-to-destabilize-iran-and-undermine-tehrans-regional-influence-in-the-middle-east/

[50]. https://counterinformation.wordpress.com/2018/01/15/iran-2018-and-syria-2011-similarities-and-differences/

[51]. https://uprootedpalestinians.wordpress.com/2018/01/11/as-icc-considers-probing-israel-for-war-crimes-u-s-moves-to-defund-u-n-palestine-refugee-agency/

[52]. https://counterinformation.wordpress.com/2018/01/20/trumps-plan-b-for-syria-occupation-and-intimidation/

[53]. https://uprootedpalestinians.wordpress.com/2018/01/21/putin-calls-on-israel-to-end-occupation-of-arab-lands-proclaims-solidarity-with-palestine/

[54]. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/George_S._Pattonhttp://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/northamerica/usa/3869117/General-George-S.-Patton-was-assassinated-to-silence-his-criticism-of-allied-war-leaders-claims-new-book.html

[55]. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/USS_Liberty_incident

[60]. https://reclaimourrepublic.wordpress.com/2018/01/19/video-cronkite-broadcast-gave-180-degree-war-flip/

[61]. https://www.brainyquote.com/authors/nguyen_van_thieu

[62]. http://www.newworldencyclopedia.org/entry/Vietnam_War

Added after 2018 Jan 24th:

[63]. https://sputniknews.com/world/201712091059849861-us-north-korea-plan-war-documents/

[64]. https://crusaderjournal.com/2017/05/15/north-korea-renews-accusation-of-cia-assassination-plot/

[65]. https://sonoranorte.wordpress.com/2018/01/22/conspiracy-in-the-highest-levels-of-the-us-government/

[66]. https://asthanawrites.org/2017/10/06/north-korea-and-south-china-sea-flash-points-are-worthwhile-options-left-on-us-table/

[67]. http://thehill.com/opinion/civil-rights/370122-another-software-upgrade-suppressing-evidence-is-fbi-standard-procedure

[68]. http://fmshooter.com/numerous-burning-scandals-within-fbi-forces-deep-state-expose/

[69]. https://saraacarter.com/embattled-fbi-agent-text-references-trump-impeachment/amp/

[70]. https://counterinformation.wordpress.com/2018/01/24/destroying-syria-why-does-washington-hate-bashar-al-assad/

[71]. https://brittius.wordpress.com/2018/01/25/corruption-has-run-amok-at-the-fbi-at-the-top-fbi-is-now-accused-of-having-a-secret-society-that-meets-off-premises/

[72]. https://uprootedpalestinians.wordpress.com/2018/01/26/israels-effective-colonization-of-the-us/

[73]. http://straightlinelogic.com/2018/01/26/war-pay-another-good-year-for-weapons-makers-is-guaranteed-by-william-d-hartung/

[74], https://amityunderground.com/15-years-after-the-invasion-of-iraq-and-now-largely-out-of-the-glare-of-the-media-us-and-uk-oil-corporations-start-to-flaunt-the-spoils-of-imperial-conquest-bp-rumaila-oil-field-extraction-contract-jo/

[75]. https://counterinformation.wordpress.com/2018/02/06/why-america-needs-war-3/

[76]. https://counterinformation.wordpress.com/2018/02/07/brief-history-of-revisionism/

[77]. https://uprootedpalestinians.wordpress.com/2018/02/09/professor-stephen-f-cohen-rethinking-putin-a-review/

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Authentic Herbal Noodle Soup of Stewed, Fried Duck (Mì Vịt Tiềm chánh gốc)

by tonytran2015 (Melbourne, Australia).

#authentic, #Stewed Fried duck, #Noodle Soup, #Mì Vịt Tiềm,

Authentic Herbal Noodle Soup of Stewed, Fried Duck (Mì Vịt Tiềm chánh gốc)

We are lucky to learn from Mr. Mach Van Cuong an AUTHENTIC recipe for making Stewed Fried Duck in Noodle Soup. Mr Cuong is a food connoisseur who wants to preserve and disseminate Oriental knowlege. Oriental recipes have usually been closely guarded as family secrets.

Mr Cuong had been working for his parents’ business in various types of activities  (importing and exporting of electronic parts, jewelers tools, and herbal food supplies). He enjoys applying traditional herbal knowledge.

Figure: Mr Mach Van Cuong who teaches the Authentic Recipe presented here .

 

Herbal Noodle Soup of Stewed, Fried Duck (Mì Vịt Tiềm) originated from Cantonese or Hakka recipes. It is a delicious, tasty, nutritious, slightly odoured dish and is well liked in Saigon. It is claimed to bring some medicinal benefits and is of higher price than other dishes of ordinary noodle soups.

(Mì=Noodle Soup, Vịt=Duck, Tiềm=Stewed, Slow cooked)

1. Herbal noodle soup of stewed, fried/roasted duck.

Figure: Herbal Noodle with Stewed, Fried/Roasted Duck (Mì Vịt Tiềm) in 300 ml bowl from a shop. Authentic recipes does NOT serve any green vegetable with the dish.

The dish may have been called Noodle Soup with Roasted Duck. This is a misnomer as the duck has NOT been roasted in the preparation of this dish.

Herbal Noodle Soup of Fried/Roated Duck (Mì Vịt Tiềm)  is usually served wirh 2 accompanying dishes of Fried Prown Pancake and Crunchy Pickled Slices of Papaya.

CAUTIONS:

1. A nutritious, healthy dish may become a harmful dish if the traditional recipies are not observed.

2. Cooks using unauthentic recipes may put monosodium glutamate in the dish. The traditional recipes has no such modern ingredient

3. About 2hr after eating this dish, your body may have some odour of the dish! This is easily noticeable from the odour of your urine.

4. Your skin may have a light strange sensation caused by the oil and sweat glands excreting some compounds absorbed from the dish.

2. Authentic Recipes.

Figure: Herbal Noodle with Stewed, Fried/Roasted Duck (Mì Vịt Tiềm) from a shop in Melbourne, Australia. Authentic recipes does NOT serve any green vegetable with the dish..

1. Marinate a duck leg (quarter of a duck) in Mushroom soy sauce  for 20min. This marination gives the duck leg a good brown colour.

2. Fry the marinated leg in hot oil until the skin start bubbling. The duck leg will turn black.

3. Stew the so fried leg in a soup containing:

30g of Hoài Sơn (Huai Shan in Chinese),  (Củ mài = Dioscorea hamiltonii), a white traditional and Chinese medicinal(?) root tuber [1,2,3,4],

15g of Kỷ Tử (chilly like fruits which are not hot, from the plant Cẩu Kỷ Tử),

20g of dried Longans,

20g of Chinese plums,

10g of dried Lotus seeds,

15g of Shiitake (a type of delicious mushroom), ,

4g of Five Spice mixture.

The ratio of the mixture may be varied to suit your taste.

4. Separately boil 50g of egg noodle.

5. Serve the stewed fried leg  with boiled egg noodle in the broth.

6. Avoid adding any green vegetable to the broth as green vegetable may reduce the benefits of the herbal mixture.

7. The duck soup is served with egg-noodle, shiitake and longan in the bowl.

8. The pickled crunchy sliced papaya in the accompanying dish (the small dish with yellow slices)  is made crunchy by immersion in a table salt solution. The slices are washed and leached in fresh water for days before serving.

3. Ingredients.

Figure: Slices of Hoai Son (Huai Shan in Chinese) in package. 

Dioscorea hamiltonii in this soup is a a white traditional and Chinese medicinal herb claimed to be good (?) for treating diabet (scientific proof is required).

Figure: Lycium barbarum, (Cẩu Kỷ Tử in Vietnamese), from Wikipedia, https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lycium_barbarum, file: https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lycium_barbarum, licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike,

Figure: A package of dried Cau Ky Tu.

Lycium barbarum fruits are claimed to improve general immunity, blood production, to help fighting against cancer (no scientific proof supplied !), to lower Cholesterol (proof?), lower blood pressure (proof?), protect liver (proof?).

Figure: Shiitake (Nấm Đông Cô in Vietnamese), from Wikipedia, https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shiitake, file: https://commons.m.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Shiitakegrowing.jpg, licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike,


Figures: Fresh longans, dried longans, and boiled dried longans.

Figure: A Five Spice mixture.




WARNINGS:

Cooks using non-authentic recipes may put in a lot of monosodium gluamate to fool customers. Traditional, authentic recipes have no such modern ingredient.

In the short term, monosodium glutamate may cause extreme headache, throat congestion, prolong thirst and swelling of your ankles and feet. Do NOT eat any non-authentic dish prepared with such ingredient.

Do NOT eat any Papaya side dish if you suspect that it has been prepared using borax.

Borax is banned as a food ingredient. Borax is mainly used as a Welding Flux (for goldsmith welding and for industrial brazing using Acetylene-Oxygen Gas Torches), in Photochemistry (as a Stopper Solution), in Pest Control (the mixture of Borax and Icing Sugar is an Ant Poison). Its Vietnamese name is Hàn The (Hàn=for welding, The=sour taste).

3. Where to find it.

It is an upmarket dish (costing 70000VND =$3.50US in 2017) in Vietnam (in Saigon).  In Australia, it cost $12AUD.

I don’t know how much it would cost in a Vietnamese restaurant outside Vietnam. It may cost you $10.00US (?).

References.

[1]. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dioscorea_hamiltonii

[2]. https://caythuoc.org/hoai-son-cu-mai.html

[3]. http://diabetna.vn/hoai-son-cay-thuoc-nam-tri-tieu-duong-bien-chung-noi-tieng.html

[4]. http://www.yhoccotruyen.org/ViewTopic.jsp?tid=4184&fid=5&Page=1&trp=18

[5]. https://gaactiemthuocbac.wordpress.com/about/

[6]. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lycium_barbarum

[7]. http://baithuocquanhta.com/cay-thuoc/cau-ky-tu-chua-benh/

[8]. https://baodinhduong.com/cau-ky-tu-co-tac-dung-gi/

[9]. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shiitake

[10]. https://www.thespruce.com/how-to-make-five-spice-powder-4065302

[11]. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spice_mix

[12]. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monosodium_glutamate

[13]. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Borax

Related LIVING/HOW TO blogs:

herbal-noodle-soup-of-stewed-fried-duck-mi-vit-tiem, posted 2017/11/23

The-agonizing-choice-of-vietnamese-food-dishes, posted September 27, 2017

Rice as emergency food., posted December 24, 2016

20161230_192839ricegrains2c60.jpg

Mung Beans as grains for self-reliance.

mung_beans.jpg

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When is Lunar New Year? (Khi nào là Tết Âm Lịch?)

by tonytran2015 (Melbourne, Australia).

#find North, #finding North, #Lunar New Year, #When is Lunar New Year, #Khi nào là Tết Âm Lịch, #Tết Nguyên Đán , #Tết Nguyên Tiêu,

When is Lunar New Year? (Khi nào là Tết Âm Lịch?)

To many Western and Vietnamese people, it is hard to tell when East Asian Lunar New Year (Tết Âm Lịch in Vietnamese) will come.

This blog gives an easy answer to that question.

1. The time for East Asian Lunar New Year.

The New Year begins with a New Moon. Each Lunar month span from one New Moon to the next one.

The month enclosing the December Solstice time (in December 21st) is defined to be the second last Lunar month of the year.

After that is one last month of the year and then comes the New Year Festival.

The rule gives people adequate time (more than one Lunar month) to prepare for the festival.

2. Example for 2018.

On the Solar New Year for 2018, the Moon was full. It was the 15th day of some Lunar month. Ten nights prior to that was the December Soltice (on December 21st). That night was the 5th night of that some Lunar month. That Lunar month is defined to be the second last (11th) month of the Lunar year. So the Solar New Year night was the 15th night of the 11th Lunar month.

Therefore the beginning of last Lunar month of the year is around Jan. 14th, while Lunar New Year is 29.5 days after that and is around Feb. 12th of 2018.

3. Tết Nguyên Đán and Tết Nguyên Tiêu.

The first New Moon in each Lunar year is called “Tết Nguyên Đán” in Vietnamese and the Full Moon following it is called “Tết Nguyên Tiêu”  (many Vienamese don’t know the words “Tết Nguyên Tiêu”), or more commonly “Lễ Hội Rằm Tháng Giêng”.

Ancient Chinese historical texts made many references to (yearly) First Full Moon Festivals but it is very hard to find any mention of (yearly) First New Moon Festivals. 

So Chinese people have been celebrating the yearly Festivals of First Full Moon (with Moon lit nights). When and why the Festivals of First New Moon (with dark, stars lit nights) became more celebrated than the Festivals of First Full Moon is an interesting question.

It is seen in the following two figures that at Lunar New Year, the bright star Leo Regulus crosses the meridional plane near to midnight. At First Full Moon Festival, it crosses the meridional plane about 1 hour before midnight while the Full Moon crosses the meridional plane at midnight.

equatorial stars

Figure: Stars in tropical zone for beginners (Tropical zone). Click to enlarge figure.

Bright Stars 20 Plus 2

Figure 2: Table of 20 brightest +2 stars in order of appearance.

4. Neighbouring countries may have their Lunar New Years differing by one month.

a. Soltice time can be accurately determined by watching the direction of the setting (or rising) Sun. When the azimuth angle of the setting Sun is plotted for consecutive days near solstice time it shows an increase then decrease (or the other way around). The time for the turn-around is the accurately determined solstice time. Solstice time is the same for all locations on Earth.

b. New Lunar month begins on the day preceeding the night with the first view of a thin crescent on the trailing side of the  Moon (an initial New Moon.). New Lunar Month is a local event. The beginnings of new Lunar months differ for different locations on different longitude of the Earth.

c. It is rare occasions but we can sometimes observe that one country A begins its New Moon just before solstice while its neighbour B on the next time zone begins its New Moon just after solstice.
Therefore for the next Lunar month, country A is still in Lunar month 11 while its neighbour B is on is already in Lunar month 12. Consequently country B has its Lunar New Year one Lunar month ahead of country A.

d. The months in these two countries will get synchronized again when the astronomical event marking Lunar month 2 falls into the Lunar months of both countries.

Example: Vietnamese (time zone +7) Lunar New Year in 1984 was earlier than Chinese (time zone +8) New Year by one Lunar month.

5. Neighbouring countries may also have their Lunar New Years differing by one day.

New Lunar month begins on the day preceeding the night with the first view of a thin crescent on the trailing side of the  Moon (an initial New Moon.). New Lunar Month is a local event. The beginnings of new Lunar months differ for different locations on different longitude of the Earth. 
It is rare occasions but we can sometimes observe that one country A see no Moon for the night while its neighbour B on the next time zone sees a New Moon just before Sunrise.
Therefore for the next whole Lunar month, country A is behind its neighbour B by one Lunar calendar day.
If this happens at the end of a Lunar year, the Lunar New Year day of country A will be behind the Lunar New Year day of country B by one day.
Example: Vietnamese (time zone +7) Lunar New Year in 2007 was earlier than Chinese (time zone +8) New Year by one day.

References.

[1]. tonytran2015, Simple-determination-of-east-asia-lunisolar-new-year , posted on 2017 January 19th.

[2]. http://www.bbc.com/vietnamese/vietnam/story/2006/07/printable/060704_lichvietnam.shtml

[3]. https://m.thanhnien.vn/van-hoa/vi-sao-nam-nay-viet-nam-an-tet-truoc-trung-quoc-mot-ngay-317188.html

RELATED SURVIVAL blogs:

Using polarized light to locate the Sun when it is hidden from view. . Posted on May 9, 2015. This is a useful technique.

Using GPS in off-grid situations., posted December 6, 2016

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Navigating with an AM MW radio receiver, posted January 17, 2017

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Latestdivider43.jpgSURVIVAL  blogs:

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Was New Year night chosen to have Sirius highest at midnight?

by tonytran2015 (Melbourne, Australia).

#find North, #finding North, #bright  star, #navigation, #Sirius, #New Year,

Was New Year night chosen to have Sirius highest at midnight?

When looking at the dates of the brightest stars, we cannot overlook the fact that the brightest star Sirius is highest on the Midnight of January 1st.

The question is was that the reason why January 1st was chosen on that date?

This question invites our thinking on ancient astronomy and time keeping.

The brightest stars and their dates are given in the following two figures.

equatorial stars

Figure: Stars in tropical zone for beginners (Tropical zone). Click to enlarge figure.

Bright Stars 20 Plus 2

Figure 2: Table of 20 brightest +2 stars in order of appearance.

References.

[1]. tonytran2015, Finding North direction and time by stars, survivaltricks.wordpress.com, https://survivaltricks.wordpress.com/2015/08/28/finding-north-and-time-by-stars/ , posted on August 28, 2015.

[2]. tonytran2015, Finding North and time by stars in the tropics, survivaltricks.wordpress.com, https://survivaltricks.wordpress.com/2016/05/25/finding-north-and-time-by-stars-in-the-tropics/, posted on May 25, 2016

RELATED SURVIVAL blogs:

Using polarized light to locate the Sun when it is hidden from view. . Posted on May 9, 2015. This is a useful technique.

Using GPS in off-grid situations., posted December 6, 2016

Adding longitude and latitude lines to a map, posted August 23, 2017

Navigating with an AM MW radio receiver, posted January 17, 2017

radio sony

Latestdivider43.jpgSURVIVAL  blogs:

, Navigating with an AM MW radio receiver, The Scorpius constellation, Quick fire making using sunlight.,The Orion constellation, Rice as emergency food , Using GPS in off-grid situations, Identifying moderately bright navigational stars, Slide Sky-Map for displaying tropical stars,…all.

Click here to go to Divider63D400 Home Page (Navigation-Survival-How To-Money).

SUBSCRIPTION: [RSS – Posts], [RSS – Comments]

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