by tonytran2015 (Melbourne, Australia).
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#Tuân Tử, #Xunzi, #Karl Marx, #work according to ability, #get according to needs, #pretend work, #pretend to have satisfied all needs, #Russia, #Soviet Union, #China, #Venezuela
1. Tuân Tử (Xunzi)’s teaching and Karl Marx’ theory.
Tuân Tử (荀子; 313 BC – 238 BC; Xunzi = Xun Kuang (/ˈʃʊn ˈkwɑːŋ/; Chinese: 荀況; pinyin: Xún Kuàng [ɕy̌n kʰwâŋ]; c. 310 – c. 235 BC, alt. c. 314 – c. 217 BC) [1, 1b] was an Oriental philosopher during the Warring State Period of ancient China, he said more than 2200 years ago: “Human beings are instinctively cruel, selfish” (Xunzi believed that humanity’s inborn tendencies were evil, Tuân Tử: “Nhân chi sơ tính bản ác”).
Karl Marx advocated a Communist World led by proletariat,
Marx predicted the demise of capitalism through a workers’ revolution that would lead to a utopian “classless society” where, according to Marx, “people work according to their ability and get according to their needs” and “in which the free development of each is the condition for the free development of all.” 
2. Karl Marx’ societies in practice.
2a- The Russian communist revolution led by Stalin wanted to set up that World. Here are some of the results:
Trotsky  got assassinated by his former comrade.
Communist cadres deposed the small capitalists, took their privileged positions and enjoyed the positions themselves, the lower classes are still not better off .
Current Russian President Vladimir Putin has delivered a strong criticism of communism at Davos World economic forum:
The flip side of the anti-crisis measures in almost every country is the concentration of the excessive assets in the hands of the state.
During the time of the Soviet Union the role of the state in economy was made absolute, which eventually lead to the total non-competitiveness of the economy. That lesson cost us very dearly. I am sure nobody would want history to repeat itself.
We should also be aware that … we have been witnessing the washout of the entrepreneurship spirit. That includes the principle of the personal responsibility – of a businessman, an investor or a share-holder – for his or her own decisions. There are no grounds to suggest that by putting the responsibility over to the state, one can achieve better results.
Another thing – handling crisis must not turn into financial populism, into rejecting a responsible macro-economic policy. Unreasonable expansion of the budget deficit, accumulation of the national debt – are as destructive as an adventurous stock market game.
2b- In “Communist” China, the students espousing Karl Marx’ theory and practice are paradoxically arrested for preaching Karl Marx’s theory to poor workers ! [5, 6, 7].
There is also a criticism about the states of the poor workers:
“During the Mao Zedong years, China was a poor socialist country. Now China is a poor capitalist country. Overall, the average Chinese did not get the benefit,” he said. [7b, 7c]
3. Deficiency of Karl Marx’ theory
Karl Marx’ teaching could not address one of human long known characteristics of being cruel and selfish.
This unaddressed issue has turned Karl Marx’ dream society into one where people pretend to work, the state pretends to have satisfied all their needs. and power pampers, corrupts officials while neglecting low level workers.
4. Even attempting to look Marxist had made Venezuela bankrupt.
Venezuela is an oil rich country. It wanted to set up a “Socialist” political system. Its inflation is now rampant and its people are running around for food.
The recovery of oil prices in the early 2000s gave Venezuela oil funds not seen since the 1980s. The government then established populist social welfare policies that initially boosted the economy and increased social spending reducing economic inequality and poverty. However, such… policies later became inadequate, causing the nation’s collapse as their excesses—including a uniquely extreme fossil fuel subsidy—are widely blamed for destabilizing the … economy.
The destabilized economy led to a crisis resulting in hyperinflation, an economic depression, shortages of basic goods and drastic increases in unemployment, poverty, disease, child mortality, malnutrition and crime.
By 2017, Venezuela was declared to be in default In 2018, the country’s economic policies led to extreme hyperinflation, with estimates expecting an inflation rate of 1,370,000% by the end of the year. 
Karl Marx’s theory cannot be applied to any nation on this earth.
Tuân Khanh cho rằng Bản tính con người là ác, căm ghét mê tín, coi trọng giáo dục, đề cao các tiên vương đời Hạ, Thương, Chu mà xem nhẹ Nghiêu Thuấn là mẫu mực của Khổng Tử.
Xunzi believed that humanity’s inborn tendencies were evil and that ethical norms had been invented to rectify people.
[4c]. Leon Trotsky, “Dictatorship vs. Democracy (Terrorism and Communism): a reply to Karl Kantsky”.https://www.azquotes.com/quote/726447
As a general rule, man strives to avoid labor. Love for work is not at all an inborn characteristic: it is created by economic pressure and social education. One may even say that man is a fairly lazy animal. It is on this quality, in reality, that is founded to a considerable extent all human progress; because if man did not
strive to expend his energy economically, did not seek to receive the largest possible quantity of products in return for a small quantity of energy, there would have been no technical development or social culture.
“Dictatorship vs. Democracy (Terrorism and Communism): a reply to Karl Kantsky”.
Authors, activists, and politicians alike are asking the question: what has America learned from one hundred years of communism?…The answer? Apparently, not much.
Added after 2019 April 10:
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