Two crucial questions Putin may ask Trump.

Two crucial questions Putin may ask Trump

by tonytran2015 (Melbourne, Australia).

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At the Helsinski summit, Russian leader V. Putin may ask American leader D. Trump two crucial questions the answers to them may drastically bring peace to the World.

Two crucial questions Putin may ask Trump.

#Russia, #US, #summit, #Helsinski summit, #Putin, #Trump, #question,

1. The two crucial questions.

a. Putin may ask if Trump knows that Crimea belonged to Russia until Krutchev transferred its administration to Ukraine in 1954 just for the sake of administrative efficiency. At the time of the transfer, both Russia and Ukraine belonged to the USSR.

b. Putin may ask if Trump is aware that after the dissolution of USSR, US nationals robbed national wealth of former USSR republics. Those US nationals abused the primitive administration processes of these newly formed ex-communist countries to line their own pockets.

2. Honest answers may bring an end to the current Cold War.

If there is an agreement between them on the answers and solutions to these two questions then there is no more reason to keep the Cold War.

The lobbyists and war profiteering bankers in US may try their best to stop the leaders’ attempt at scaling down the Cold War.

References.

[1]. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1954_transfer_of_Crimea

[2]. http://faculty.nps.edu/relooney/00_New_13.pdf

[3]. https://www.history.com/topics/boris-yeltsin

[4]. https://newrepublic.com/article/120503/what-moscow-was-after-dissolution-ussr-1992

[5]. https://www.nytimes.com/1998/10/18/business/easy-money-special-report-for-russia-its-us-bankers-match-wasn-t-made-heaven.html

[6]. https://www.businessinsider.com.au/what-is-a-russian-oligarch-2013-3

[7]. http://geohistory.today/privately-enforced-capitalism/

[8]. https://www.learningfromchina.net/how-imf-policies-helped-oligarchs-loot-russia—lessons-for-china-and-other-countries.html

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Finding true North and time from the Sun with your fingers.

Finding true North and time from the Sun with your fingers.

by tonytran2015 (Melbourne, Australia).

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#find North, #finding North, #find true North, #true North, #find time, #Sun, #fingers,

Finding true North and time from the Sun with your fingers.

There are times when you neither have your watch nor can use any magnetic compass in the location but you want to find out the North-South directions and the time. This method is useful for those such difficult situations. Those situations may arise if you get lost without having your watch while traveling or if you find yourself without your watch while traveling inside a bus or a train. The method from this article gives both the true North direction and the local time from the position of the Sun using only your fingers.

Required preparatory practices

1. Practice holding each of your hands in the three principal postures as illustrated in the following three figures.

Summer SolsticeEquinoxWinter Solstice

Figures: Hand postures for Summer Solstice, Equinox and Winter Solstice. Click on individual figure to enlarge.

If this practice cannot be carried out due to body deformity or illness (such as rheumatism) then some other method of finding North should be used instead.

The equinox posture is to be used around Mar 21st and Sep 23rd equinoxes while Summer and Winter Solstice postures are to be used around your local Summer and Winter solstices respectively.

The index finger in these postures is always aligned with the forearm and is to be kept in line with the line from the elbow to the tip of the index finger.

The angle between the index and the middle fingers should have value of:
90 degrees for Equinox posture
90-23= 67degrees for Winter Solstice posture and
90+23= 113 degrees for Summer Solstice posture. The above angles for Summer Solstice, Equinox and Winter Solstice postures are equal to the angles between a clock hand pointing at 0 minutes and
19 minutes,
15 minutes,
11 minutes respectively. These angles are represented by angles between positions of watch hands on a watch face shown in two following figures.

EcoDriveDuoEcodriveDuo2

Figure: Angles for hand postures at Summer Solstice, Equinox and Winter Solstice are represented by angles between positions of watch hands on a watch face.

The long white hand pointing at 0 minute of the watch-face represents the direction of the left index finger of the user of this method while the long red hand represents the direction of his left middle finger.

The angle between the hands on each watch-face has been chosen to match the angle between the line to the Sun on the respective date and the line to the Celestial pole below the horizon. The angle between the red hand and the thick white hand pointing at 15 minutes represent the declination angle of the Sun (or its negative, depending on the observer being in the Southern or Northern terrestrial hemisphere). The variation of that angle through various dates of the year can be found in previous blogs [1,2].

 

solar-declination-by-a-watch-face

Figure: Determining solar declination using a watch face. (The lines “SOLAR DECLINATION Its rough estimate is required for Fine Alignment of the watch” are to be ignored.)

 

2. Determine the slope to your Celestial pole.

Sun on Celestial Sphere

Figure: The Sun, the Moon and the stars are attached to a Celestial sphere which encloses the Earth like a giant rotating cage. The cage rotates around the Celestial axis joining the its two points called the Celestial poles.

This slope from level ground surface is called the latitude of your place. Practice recognizing it.

Find a level ground. On a clear night set up a stick pointing from the ground to the Celestial pole. In the Northern hemisphere the Celestial pole has a star (Polaris) while in the Southern hemisphere it is only a point on the geometrical figure formed by circum-polar stars.

Figure: The Northern Celestial pole is the center of this map of the Northern sky.

Figure: The Southern Celestial pole is the center of this map of the Southern sky.

The angle between this pole and the ground is called the latitude of the location. The angle between the pole and a vertical plumb line is (90° – latitude). You need to practice recognizing this angle. (Knowing this angle also help you quickly find the Celestial pole from the stars).

3. Practice reading in degrees the angles between positions of hands on a clock face.

The angle between a hand pointing at 0 minute and another one pointing at
5 minutes is 30 degrees,
10 minutes is 60 degrees,
15 minutes is 90 degrees,
20 minutes is 120 degrees,
25 minutes is 150 degrees,
30 minutes is 180 degrees.

8 Steps for finding true North and time.

1. Determine the current season in the year to select the appropriate hand posture.

The equinox posture is to be used around Mar 21st and Sep 23rd equinoxes while Summer and Winter Solstice postures are to be used around your local Summer and Winter soltices respectively (Each posture can be used for its whole month and a solstice posture can also be used for two adjacent months.).

If the season in the year cannot be determined (as in the case of inhabitants living in artificial environment for years), use the hand posture for equinox days.

2. Determine whether you are in the Northern or Southern hemisphere.

3. Determine if the time of the day is in the morning (the Sun is rising before noon) or in the afternoon (the Sun is setting after noon)

This step is needed to select the appropriate hand for the task.

4. Select and use only the appropriate hand for the task:

4a. Northern hemisphere: LEFT hand in the morning THEN RIGHT hand in the afternoon.
4b.Southern hemisphere:RIGHT hand in the morning THEN LEFT hand in the afternoon.

5. Point the index finger to the Sun with your middle finger in its comfortable, nearly horizontal position.

6. Twist the forearm and hand until the middle finger makes with the level ground an angle equal to the latitude angle.

This is illustrated in the two figures.

Find North by Left Hand

Figure: Finding the meridian (true North-South) line with the left hand.

Find North by Right Hand

Figure: Finding the meridian (true North-South) line with the right hand.

7. The projection of the middle finger onto the ground now points exactly away from the terrestrial pole of your hemisphere.

The middle finger now points to the Celestial pole below the horizon, in other terms it points directly away from the visible Celestial pole in the sky.

8. Looking along that direction pointed by the middle finger and imagining a 24-hour clock dial attached to that axis give a natural clock giving time in the day.

Find time by divider

Figure: The line CB to the Sun form the hour hand of a 24 hour clock. This clock face is for Northern hemisphere. In Northern hemisphere the hand sweeps clockwise while in Southern hemisphere it sweeps anticlockwise.

The time given by the natural clock is the local time which has noon when the Sun is highest in the sky. Local time differs from the zonal time selected by the government.

9. Around noon time, either left or right hand can be used. The terrestrial North South line is determined with least accuracy around noon time.

10. On the terrestrial equator, either selection of 4a or 4b can be applied. The middle finger of the selection 4a points at true terrestrial South while that of 4b points at true terrestrial North.

References.

[1]. tonytran2015, Finding directions and time using the Sun and a divider., posted on May 6, 2015.

wpid-dividermwp3e2c2.jpg

find North by the Sun

[2]. https://survivaltricks.wordpress.com/2017/02/13/good-approximation-to-solar-declination-by-a-watch-face/

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Trade war tactics, Part 3: Chinese tricks against Vietnam in ancient time.

Trade war tactics, Part 3: Chinese tricks against Vietnam in ancient time.

by tonytran2015 (Melbourne, Australia).

Click here for a full, up to date ORIGINAL ARTICLE and to help fighting the stealing of readers’ traffic.

(Blog No. 1xx).

#trade war, #Chinese tricks, #China versus Vietnam, #export restriction, #female bufferlos, #iron plough points

Trade war tactics, Part 3: Chinese tricks against Vietnam in ancient time.

This blog describes in details the tricks employed by China against Vietnam in ancient time (from 200BC to AD1600). Those tricks include export restrictions as has been found in the letters of complaints from some Kings of Annam (ancient Vietnam, which was at times a neighbor State paying tributes to China) to the Emperor of China.

1. Restriction of exports by China in ancient time.

China is now complaining that the USA do not want to allow the export of CPU’s for the production of smart phones by Chinese company ZTE.

In ancient time, as can be found in history of Vietnam [1], and can be verified in ancient Chinese history [2], some Kings of Annam (ancient Vietnam, which was at times a neighbor State paying tributes to China) had complaint in their letters to the Emperor of China that:

a. When iron was first discovered (around 200BC), China banned the export of iron plough points to Vietnam to prevent Vietnam from being a efficient rice producer.

b. China only sold male bufferlos to Vietnam but banned the sale of female bufferlos. This makes Vietnam dependent on China for the supply of bufferlos.

2. USA restriction of export to China of CPU’s for smart phone is well justified.

China is now complaining that USA is employing a restriction of exports against Chinese smart phone company ZTE. However it should be noted that:

a. ZTE is owned by Chinese Government and is loyal to Chinese Government.

b. Smart phone technology can be adapted and used for robotic controls keeping in mind that the next World War may be a war by robots (currently known as lethal drones).

c. Chinese Information Technology companies have engaged in a number of practices which are worrying to Westerners: Making the Great Firewall, Making devices succeptible to Malwares, etc…

4. Economic is only a facet to a Perpetual War by China to conquer the whole World.

The revered, 2000 years old manual “The Art of War” by Sun Tzu is always practiced by China. It considers military attacks, foreign affairs and trades as only different facets of one single thing. (This is not much different from the view by Clausewitz[3,4,5,6]). The following shows Chinese success with its Perpetual Expansionism.

The vast area of current China is the result of such Forever Expanding policy starting from a Zhou dynasty (1046BC-256BC) with an area only comparable to Japan.

Zhou_dynasty_1000_BC Châu

Figure: The approximate territory of the Zhou dynasty in China. Drawn by Ian Kiu.The approximate territory of the Zhou dynasty in China. Drawn by Ian Kiu. Derived from China_map.png by Nat. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zhou_dynasty#/media/File:Zhou_dynasty_1000_BC.png Date 15 February 2011, Territories_of_Dynasties_in_China.gif: Albert Herrmann (1935). History and Commercial Atlas of China. Harvard University Press. from “The Chou Dynasty, 11th-9th Centuries B.C.” Author Territories_of_Dynasties_in_China.gif: Ian Kiu. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

Figure: China Map, Qin State, 260BCE https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qin_(state)#/media/File:EN-QIN260BCE.jpg , Date 31 October 2010
Source Own work, Author Philg88, Licensing
Creative Commons attribution share alike. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported, 2.5 Generic, 2.0 Generic and 1.0 Generic license.

Figure: Map of Three Kingdoms period of China, as of 262 A.D., Date1 1 August 2017, Author SY, file https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Three_Kingdoms.png. File is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International license.

Figure: Map of Song Dynasty 1141, By Ian Kiu, Based on a map in Albert Herrmann (1935). History and Commercial Atlas of China, Harvard University Press , file https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jin%E2%80%93Song_Wars#/media/File:Sung_Dynasty_1141.png. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license.

Figure: Map of Qing Dynasty China in 1765., File: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/9c/18_century_Qing_China.png . Date 1-8-2011 Source Originally from CIA, taken from commons. Author CIA (Background map) Derivate work: User:Soewinhan. This image is a work of a Central Intelligence Agency employee, taken or made as part of that person’s official duties. As a Work of the United States Government, this image or media is in the public domain in the United States.

Figure: Map of China on a Chinese glass Globe made around the year 2000.

References:

[1]. Su Ky, Le Van Huu,

[2]. Sima Qian, Records of History by the grand historian (translated by Burton Watson), Qin Dynasty, Han Dynasty I (Rev. Ed.) and Han Dynasty II (Rev. Ed.), the Res. Cent. for Transl. The Chinese Univ. of Hong Kong and Colubia Univ. Press, Hong Kong and New York, 1961.

[3]. Sun Tzu, The Art of War. First published in Chinese before 200BC.

[4]. Carl von Clausewitz, Principles of Wars, Translated by Hans W. Gatzke, The Military Service Publishing Company, 1942.

[5]. Clausewitz, On War, Translated by Colonel James John Graham N. Trübner, London, 1873. Original is Carl von Clausewitz, Vom Kriege, Dümmlers Verlag, Berlin, 1832.

[6]. Carl von Clausewitz, Principles of Wars, The Clausewitz home page, https://www.clausewitz.com/mobile/principlesofwar.htm

[7]. https://irishinfosecnews.wordpress.com/2018/07/09/android-devices-with-pre-installed-malware-sold-in-developing-markets/

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Trade war tactics, Part 2: Exploitation of an economy by a foreign monopoly

Trade war tactics, Part 2: Exploitation of an economy by a foreign monopoly.

by tonytran2015 (Melbourne, Australia).

Click here for a full, up to date ORIGINAL ARTICLE and to help fighting the stealing of readers’ traffic.

(Blog No. 1xx).

#trade war, #predatory pricing, #product dumping, #tariffs, #monopoly, #exploitation, #security,

Trade war tactics, Part 2: Exploitation of an economy by a foreign monopoly.

This blog describes in details the exploitation of a market by a foreign monopoly.

1. Dumping goods to become a monopoly in a foreign market.

A country C with a larger economy can subsidize the production of its goods (for example steel) for export to another country A with a smaller economy. Country C would use its deep pocket to make very low sale prices so that all its competitors in country A cannot sell any of their products and had to go bankrupt.

This blatant method of grabbing market may work with compliant vassal neighbors of a country C but may not be viewed favorably by any other sovereign country.

A number of steel manufacturers in Vietnam faces the danger of bankruptcy by such method of disruption [1,2,3,4].

The method would certainly be prevented in the USA where there is a Federal Trade Commission [5,6,7,8,9].

(Other examples can be found with food processing in Vietnam).

2. Achieving a monopoly by subtle taking-over of competitors.

With a deep pocket and enough patience a large monopoly producer/manufacture can enter a foreign market and gradually reduce the prices of its products so that its competitors can just make very small profits. After a few years, it can offer a take-over on its own terms (acquiring assets and market shares at low costs) to become an even more powerful monopoly without much backlash of public opinion in country A.

This type of take-overs would be favorably viewed by Anti-competition Authorities as a form of desirable “rationalization in a crowded market” and is usually approved [10-19].

3. Exploiting monopoly grip without losing it.

If any competitor set up new facilities in country A to produce same goods at local costs, country C would use its deep pocket to subsidize its reduced sale prices so that the new competitor cannot sell any of its products and had to go bankrupt.

On the other hand, while there is no competitor, country C can sell its goods to country A at considerably higher prices than could be justified if using local costs. With this artificially higher level of profit, country C can build up a war chest to fight against any new entry to its monopoly market in country A [20,21,22].

(Other examples can be found with Australian food producer market, Australian energy distribution market, Australian recycling industry).

4. Supply concern for manufacturing industries caused by dependence on a foreign monopoly.

As country A is wholy dependent on country C the latter can cause artificially periodic draught and floods of manufacturing supplies to force the former to hold massive stocks for its manufacturing base or to divest out of that manufacturing activity.

(Other examples can be found with, Phllipino fruit export market,Vietnamese trade through China)

5. Technological concern caused by dependence on a foreign monopoly.

Besides giving country C the option to raise or lower prices at their convenience to exploit its citizens, country A also face the risk of having C setting the standards for its food and technology [23].

Country C may also throttle the economy of country A by supplying it with only some of its needed raw and specialty materials/products [24-34].

6. Security concern beside trade and finance concern.

A country A has to worry about its military security if its communication and information technology, electricity power and strategic materials are supplied by foreign companies owned by its potential adversary [35,36].

7. Conclusions.

In peace time, traders from each country may carry their goods across the borders to other countries to make their own profits from the difference in prices. This cross border trade supplies people in different countries with goods at lowest prices and benefits all countries.

Unfortunately, there are always aggressive rulers who want to use their dominant trading positions to disrupt their neighbors.

The inescapable position is that each vulnerable nation needs to have a self-sufficient economy so that in time of imminent war that nation can close its border (for fear of attack, infiltration and espionage from its neighbors). It has been an established practice of closing the border when there is any possibility of war (This has also been a teaching by Sun Tzu in his ancient text Art of War [37]).

References:

[1]. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_steel_production

[2]. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/History_of_the_steel_industry_(1970%E2%80%93present)

[3]. http://vietnamnet.vn/vn/kinh-doanh/dn-thep-pha-san-ma-khong-dam-cong-khai-89828.html

[4]. https://baodautu.vn/doanh-nghiep-thep-truoc-nguy-co-pha-san-d39873.html

[5]. https://www.ftc.gov/tips-advice/competition-guidance/guide-antitrust-laws/single-firm-conduct/predatory-or-below-cost

[6]. https://www.ftc.gov/tips-advice/competition-guidance/guide-antitrust-laws/antitrust-laws

[7]. http://www.adcommission.gov.au/Pages/default.aspx

[8]. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Trade_Organization

[9]. https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/adp_e/adp_info_e.htm

[10]. http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-10-24/chinese-investors-sink-teeth-into-pet-food-company/9081298

[11]. https://www.theguardian.com/business/2013/may/31/chinese-takeover-smithfield-shuanghui-food-supply

[12]. https://dealbook.nytimes.com/2013/07/10/lawmakers-have-concerns-over-chinese-takeover-of-smithfield/

[13]. https://www.businessinsider.com.au/china-alarming-food-problem-2017-6?r=US&IR=T

[14]. https://www.ft.com/content/66802104-18d3-11e8-9e9c-25c814761640

[15]. https://www.afr.com/news/politics/national/chinese-bastards-want-to-take-over-australia-palmer-20140818-j8vpx

[16]. https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/world/china-watch/business/chinese-takeovers-of-overseas-brands/

[17]. https://www.weeklytimesnow.com.au/agribusiness/decisionag/china-to-become-biggest-foreign-owner-of-australian-farmland/news-story/ba27742491380f55568bc3d5ada296cb

[18]. https://www.businessinsider.com.au/chinese-outbound-acquisitions-concerns-2016-2?r=US&IR=T

[19]. https://www.smh.com.au/politics/federal/china-now-owns-10-times-the-amount-of-australian-land-it-did-last-year-20170930-gyrxia.html

[20]. https://www.bbc.com/news/business-34513287

[21]. https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2016/09/17/chinese-farmers-take-over-former-white-owned-farms-in-zimbabwe-t/

[22]. http://www.politicsweb.co.za/news-and-analysis/chinese-take-over-farms-stolen-from-whites-in-zimb

[23]. https://www.independent.co.uk/news/world/asia/china-fake-food-sector-unlicensed-products-knock-offs-supply-chain-contamination-public-health-a7880341.html

[24]. http://mobile.abc.net.au/news/2016-08-21/chinese-investment-in-the-australian-power-grid/7766086

[25]. http://fortune.com/2015/06/18/china-is-utterly-and-totally-dominating-solar-panels/

[26]. https://www.theguardian.com/environment/2017/jan/06/china-cementing-global-dominance-of-renewable-energy-and-technology

[27]. https://theconversation.com/gas-crisis-or-glut-why-japan-pays-less-for-australian-lng-than-australians-do-74438

[28]. https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2017-09-27/now-one-of-the-world-s-energy-powerhouses-has-a-coal-squeeze

[29]. https://www.nytimes.com/2018/05/23/business/canada-china-aecon-block.html

[30]. https://www.cbsnews.com/news/china-u-s-m-a-its-a-one-way-street/

[31]. https://www.forbes.com/sites/douglasbulloch/2016/10/27/why-foreign-companies-are-increasingly-resistant-to-chinese-takeovers/#2734aa21145f

[32]. https://www.pbs.org/newshour/show/whos-behind-chinese-takeover-worlds-biggest-pork-producer

[33]. https://finance.yahoo.com/news/china-kill-qualcomm-takeover-nxp-030100535.html

[34]. https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-03-27/u-s-said-to-weigh-use-of-emergency-law-to-curb-china-takeovers

[35]. https://www.businessinsider.com.au/national-security-issues-flagged-with-huawei-for-australian-5g-network-2018-6?r=US&IR=T

[36]. https://abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory/huawei-executive-warns-australia-risks-economy-5g-ban-56191847

[37]. Sun Tzu, The Art of War. First published in Chinese before 200BC.

Added after 2018 July 12:

[38]. https://asweetdoseofreality.com/2018/07/11/chinas-human-robot-labor-force-the-highest-rate-of-surplus-value-in-the-history-of-capitalism/

[39]. https://us-issues.com/2018/07/12/how-china-is-muscling-in-on-lithium-ion-batteries/

 

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The Parasites of Western Economy, Part 9: Over-chargers for unfamiliar types of service.

The Parasites of Western Economy, Part 9: Over-chargers for unfamiliar types of service.

by tonytran2015 (Melbourne, Australia).

Click here for a full, up to date ORIGINAL ARTICLE and to help fighting the stealing of readers’ traffic.

(Blog No. 1xx).

#parasite, #over-charging, #medical service, #emergency service, #towing service

The Parasites of Western Economy, Part 9: Over-chargers for unfamiliar types of service.

The less a service is known the less people know how to scrutinize its quality and price. There are now parasites specializing in using this unfamiliarity to rip off the population at large. The medical and emergency service providers are not to be blamed but the owners and the accountants of their companies are real parasites feeding on the ignorance of the population at large.

1. Over-charging by companies owning medical service providers.

Few people are to use hospital service during their working life. This make hospital procedures unfamiliar to most of them. They are further worried about expensive hospital procedures so they take up health insurance to let the insurers look after everything.

This leads to a non-symmetric price setting mechanism between supply and demand as the suppliers have no feedback on prices from service demanders

(Family Hit With $18,000 Bill From Hospital After Their Infant Was Given A Brief Nap and Released [1], Oklahoma Woman Charged $15,000 For Four Tiny Screws By Hospital [2].)

Prices charged to health insurers just keep on rocketing and have been deliberately overblown, health insurers just increase the premiums and the health insurance policy holders just keep paying up until they had to drop out of health insurance. Then former health insurance policy holders have to travel oversea every year to obtain their regular health service from the oversea destination.

The non-affordability of health insurance in America is caused by this non-symmetric supply demand relationship and is aggravated by the monopoly granted to the medical service industry by the American licensing system.

2. Over-charging by companies owning emergency service providers.

Emergency service provider companies are not slow to follow the lead. Air ambulance companies can also hit patients with overblown bills.

(“Rides in so-called air ambulances can lead to bills of more than $20,000 depending on a person’s coverage, and insurance experts say big invoices are becoming more common as costs rise and coverage shifts ” [3]. Passenger Who Became Trapped Under a Subway Train Begged Rescuers Not to Call an Ambulance Because She Couldn’t Afford It – Woman Would Rather Die Than Call an Ambulance Because She Could Not Pay the Bill [3b]).

3. Similar occurrences in other industries.

The captive market of unfamiliar services has been exploited by the car towing and car smash repairs industries.

Car towing service in Australia have been with such occurences of uncontrollabe costs [4,5] and State government in Queensland in Australia had to step in [6].

There is also some allegation that some American tow truck business is a racket protected by some police member [7].

The exploitation seems to start from the unfamiliarity of users of those services.

4. Conclusions

a. Going oversea (to Mexico or Cuba) will become a common experience for Americans who cannot afford ever-increasing health care.

b. An education campaign for users of these services in conjunction with some regulations for pricing seem to be the only available method of prevention of this type of exploitation.

c. In Australia, the Australian Medical Association as well as Medicare (national health insurance) system of Australia have a number of checks on the quality and pricing of services such as price for short, long consultations [8,9] etc… This seems to work in area populated by well educated citizens. However, there are still overblown bills to the Australian Federal Government and private insurers as the uninformed users and the over-users (many of them are immigrants) of these seemingly “free service” still do not care about the correctness of the billing to the Government or their insurers, they only sign whatever given to them by their doctors.

d. More regulations on the pricing of these services may work but this carries with it a risk of over-regulation which stiffles innovation.

References:

[1].https://jonathanturley.org/2018/06/29/family-hit-with-18000-bill-from-hospital-after-their-infant-was-given-a-brief-nap-and-released/comment-page-2/

[2]. https://jonathanturley.org/2018/05/15/oklahoma-woman-charged-15000-for-four-tiny-screws-by-hospital/

[3]. https://bcnn1wp.wordpress.com/2018/07/03/rising-bills-for-air-ambulance-hit-patients-with-added-shock/

[4]. https://www.theage.com.au/national/victoria/rogue-towers-accused-of-carnapping-scam-20150516-gh335h.html

[5]. https://www.brisbanetimes.com.au/national/queensland/law-crackdown-targets-dodgy-tow-truck-operations-20180308-p4z3gp.html

[6]. https://www.news.com.au/national/queensland/palaszczuk-government-want-you-to-dob-in-dodgy-tow-truck-operators/news-story/315e7792653bcf7ce710201717e5ce00

[7]. https://www.fullertonsfuture.org/2012/tow-racket-leads-to-yet-another-fpd-lawsuit/

[8]. https://ama.com.au/resources/fees-list

[9]. http://www.mbsonline.gov.au/internet/mbsonline/publishing.nsf/Content/Downloads-201801

Added after 2018 July 06:

[3b]. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-5923347/Injured-woman-begged-people-NOT-call-ambulance-expensive.html

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Same Sex Marriages create Rear Door Entry to beat Migration Control

Same Sex Marriages create Rear Door Entry to beat Migration Control

by tonytran2015 (Melbourne, Australia).

Click here for a full, up to date ORIGINAL ARTICLE and to help fighting the stealing of readers’ traffic.

(Blog No. 1xx).

#same sex marriage, #rear door entry, #migration control,

Same Sex Marriages create Rear Door Entry to beat Migration Control.

1. Migration control and marriages

Most advanced countries have compassionate concession to their citizens regarding the immigration of their oversea spouses. This is understandable as it is unreasonable and impossible to stop people from their marriage to oversea people.

A country usually allows its citizens married to foreigners to bring the foreigners into the country. After a while, each such foreigner would be allowed to remain permanently in the country and even obtain citizenship.

2. Same sex marriages.

Each country used to encourage the populating of its land by its own citizens. For that reason, the country gives many benefits to married heterosexual couple of citizens who want to raise their own children.

The lefties have now succeeded in having those benefits also granted to same sex couples who live together. There are now legalized “same sex marriages” in many countries.

The principal purpose of a nation giving benefits and concessions to encourage the populating and occupation of its land by its own citizens seems to have been forgotten. Nations now give all benefits and concessions to all “marriages” whether or not for the purpose of populating of its land by their own citizens.

3. Same sex marriages can beat immigration control.

The list of countries (at 2018) allowing same sex marriage are: Argentina, Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Canada, Colombia, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Iceland, Ireland, Luxembourg, Malta, Mexico, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Portugal, South Africa, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom, the United States

Any country C in that list that wants to send its citizens to another country A in the same list can easily arrange to have many “same sex marriages” of its citizens to citizens of A. After that those citizens of C “married” to citizens of A can migrate to A.

It is almost impossible to defined whether each such marriage is “genuine” or “sham marriage for the purpose of beating immigration control”.

There used to be questions ask by Immigration Officers to check whether a heterosexual marriage is genuine or not. How can anyone devise such check for “same sex marriage” ? Note that having sex is not an essential requirement for any same sex marriage.

References:

[1]. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Same-sex_marriage

[2]. http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-12-07/same-sex-marriage-ssm-mapped/9234650

[3]. https://www.homeaffairs.gov.au/News/Pages/same-sex-relationships.aspx

[4]. https://www.homeaffairs.gov.au/trav/brin/part

[5]. https://www.visacrew.com.au/same-sex-partner-visas

[6]. https://www.smh.com.au/politics/federal/samesex-marriage-paves-the-way-to-residency-for-foreign-partners-20171116-gzmhjz.html

[7]. http://keystonevisa.com.au/same-sex-marriage-visa-agent/

[8]. https://ethosmigration.com.au/same-sex-marriage-migration-law/

[9]. https://www.sbs.com.au/yourlanguage/vietnamese/en/article/2017/11/14/i-was-offered-fake-marriage-100000-stay-australia

[10]. http://www.visasolutions.com.au/news-blog/posts/what-are-the-consequences-of-a-fake-marriage-in-australia

[11]. https://www.sbs.com.au/yourlanguage/mandarin/en/article/2017/11/14/fake-visa-marriage-not-breaking-law-it-making-use-law-says-broker

[12]. https://www.sbs.com.au/yourlanguage/punjabi/en/article/2017/01/31/indian-migration-agent-wife-stand-trial-running-fake-marriage-scam

[13]. https://www.heraldsun.com.au/news/victoria/more-than-1000-partner-visas-cancelled-in-migrant-marriage-sham/news-story/eb39e48f01635c56acd51175afae1c4f

Added after 2018 July 07:

[14]. https://nypost.com/2014/04/23/married-lesbian-threesome-expecting-first-child/

[15]. https://sputniknews.com/asia/201802021061297482-australia-abbott-same-sex-marriage/

[16]. http://www.foxnews.com/world/2018/02/02/aussie-anti-gay-marriage-opponent-attends-same-sex-wedding.html

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Trade war tactics, Part 1: Predatory pricing and tariffs.

Trade war tactics, Part 1: Predatory pricing and tariffs.

by tonytran2015 (Melbourne, Australia).

Click here for a full, up to date ORIGINAL ARTICLE and to help fighting the stealing of readers’ traffic.

(Blog No. 1xx).

#trade war, #predatory pricing, #product dumping, #tariffs,

Trade war tactics, Part 1: Predatory pricing and tariffs.

1. Predatory pricing

Every company has to produce more than a minimum number of products to survive and any new company entering an established market may not have enough share in that market.

Rather than avoiding a crowded market, some company may adopt a strategy of selling well under its costs for a while to edge out all its competitors to capture the WHOLE market then using its newly gained monopoly to impose higher than previous (fair) market price to recover the expenditure incurred in knocking out its competitors. The method of selling under costs to knock out competitors is called predatory pricing and is an illegal practice in the US as well as in many other English speaking countries.

2. Known hard to enter established markets.

Most industries have minimum levels of productions. Some even need a whole national market to operate.

Example 1:

International airlines need to have 60% of their seats filled to break even and are usually backed by their own countries.

Example 2:

Railway industries are hard to profit from but are usually subsidized by their nations.

Example 3:

Steel industries can only operate their furnaces and machinery at production levels which are usually high.

Example 4:

Even a restaurant also needs minimum number of clients every day to pay its rent and outgoings.

3. Resisting predatory pricing.

A new enterprise entering an established market may sell under cost to introduce itself to customers, such practice is legal in the US.

“Pricing below your own costs is also not a violation of the law unless it is part of a strategy to eliminate competitors, and when that strategy has a dangerous probability of creating a monopoly for the discounting firm so that it can raise prices far into the future and recoup its losses.” [1]

So it is difficult for affected competitors to argue against such practice using the antitrust law [2].

The difficulty is compounded when when the company selling below costs is a foreign company obtaining partially built products from oversea. The Federal Trade Commission of the US and of similar countries [3] may not have jurisdiction. The rules by World Trade Organization [4,5] may have to be relied on.

4. Predatory pricing between national economies.

Each nation wants to have a self-sufficient economy so that in time of imminent war the nation can close its border (for fear of attack, infiltration and espionage from its neighbors). It has been an established practice of closing the border when there is any possibility of war (This has also been a teaching by Sun Tzu in his ancient text Art of War [6]).

In peace time, traders from each country may carry their goods across the borders to other countries to make their own profits from the difference in prices. This cross border trade supplies people in different countries with goods at lowest prices and benefits all countries.

Unfortunately, there are always aggressive rulers who want to use the surplus capacity of their economy to disrupt the self-sufficiency of their neighbors. For example, a country C with a command economy (taking orders from the government regardless of profit or loss) may use its surplus capacity in its steel making to sell its (nationally subsidized) steel cheaply to its neighbor A. Such selling for a prolonged time will certainly destroys the steel production capacity of country A. After 20 years or so of selling steel to A, country C may suddenly cut off its steel trade with A and declare war against A. In such scenario, the country A would be totally defenseless against C as it has no steel to produce weapons and armament for its army.

In a less dramatic scenario, the country C may sell its steel cheaply to another neighbor V to destroy its steel production capability then C throttle its steel supply to V (both with quantity and with types) to control the economy of V.

Similarly, country C may sell cheaply agricultural produces to agricultural neighbor V to destroy the agriculture of V. Country C then can dictate to V what crop and when to plant. In this way country V is totally under the command of C.

5. Assessing susceptibility to predatory pricing.

Chinese population is 1.500 millions while American is 326 millions, Australian is 22 millions.

If China produces clothing for all its citizen and export part of its clothing to Australia, Australian clothing industry has to go bankrupt (and it had).

If China produces hardware for all its citizen and export part of its hardware to Australia, Australian hardware industry has to go bankrupt (and it had).

If China produces steel for all its citizen and export part of its steel to America, American steel industry may go bankrupt.

6. Tariffs to the rescue.

Fortunately, sovereign governments can use tariffs to protect their vital industry such as steel, aluminum, defense, telecommunication.

The tariffs can be set at various levels suitable for the protection of the vital industries while still allowing other industries access to imported goods. The question is only what is an appropriate level.

Too low a tariff may not offer enough protection for the vital industries while too high a tariff may deny access to imported goods for other industries and weaken the overall economy.

7. Trade war by predatory pricing and tariffs.

Without tariffs aggressive countries may use predatory pricing to harm their trading partners.

The defending countries may use tariffs for their protections and the aggressor may accuse the defenders of engaging in trade war and the aggressor also put up its retaliatory tariffs. The others may again increase their tariffs and the tariffs level may increase without bounds [7,8,9,10].

The level of mutual tariffs may increase such that there will be any international trade left and a number of countries may enter their recession. The self-sufficiency of each nation will then be its survival factor.

8. Conclusions

a. Tariffs are not nice to advocate of free-trade but they are here to stay.

b. Tariffs are necessary, only their appropriate levels have to be determined.

c. Once countries enter trade war, there will be reduction in international trade and a number of countries may enter their recession. Countries with self-sufficiency will outlast their competitors.

References:

[1]. https://www.ftc.gov/tips-advice/competition-guidance/guide-antitrust-laws/single-firm-conduct/predatory-or-below-cost

[2]. https://www.ftc.gov/tips-advice/competition-guidance/guide-antitrust-laws/antitrust-laws

[3]. http://www.adcommission.gov.au/Pages/default.aspx

[4]. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/World_Trade_Organization

[5]. https://www.wto.org/english/tratop_e/adp_e/adp_info_e.htm

[6]. Sun Tzu, The Art of War. First published in Chinese before 200BC.

[7]. http://theconversation.com/fact-check-is-china-dumping-steel-76916

[8]. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trump_tariffs

[9]. http://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-06-15/donald-trump-announces-tariffs-on-chinese-goods/9876356

[10]. https://www.afr.com/news/economy/trade/china-hits-back-at-us-tariff-hikes-raises-import-duties-on-us-products-20180616-h11gql

Added after 2018 June 21:

[11]. https://johnib.wordpress.com/2018/06/21/white-house-slams-chinese-economic-aggression-policy-as-threat/

[12]. https://johnib.wordpress.com/2018/06/21/u-s-exempts-certain-steel-products-of-japan-four-other-nations-from-25-import-duties/

[13]. https://johnib.wordpress.com/2018/06/21/trumps-lack-of-strategic-wisdom-may-spark-an-all-out-economic-war/

[14]. https://www.thebalance.com/steel-production-2340173

[15]. https://centinel2012.com/2018/07/09/did-tariffs-cause-great-depression/

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Expansionism by predatory loans

Expansionism by predatory loans.

by tonytran2015 (Melbourne, Australia).

Click here for a full, up to date ORIGINAL ARTICLE and to help fighting the stealing of readers’ traffic.

(Blog No. 1xx).

#expansionism, #predatory loan, #infra-structure, #small nation, #China, #loan leases, #Sri Lanka port,

Expansionism by predatory loans.

People in Western countries have seen with their own eyes the method of forcing sale of valuables of borrowers by predatory pay day lenders, short terms money lenders or underworld lenders. Basically the borrowers needing the money must use their valuables (watches, rings, antique items) as security to obtain short term loans from pay day lenders or money lenders or underworld lenders. The interest rate from these lenders are outrageously high (10% a week, or even 10% a day) such that the loan grows exponentially to the point that the borrowers cannot repay and have to lose their valuables.

This practice has now spread to inter-national dealings between nations. Some Western governments such as Australia has attempted to banish this practice inside their own nations between their citizens but there is no obvious way to banish the practice when it is done between governments on international level as a form of expansionism.

1. Predatory loans to countries having corrupt governments.

The lending nations lend money to the borrowing nations which are run by their own corrupt governments. When the borrower nations cannot repay, they have to cede their lands and seas to the lender nations.

The media as well as both the Australian Australia Foreign Minister Julie Bishop and the US secretary of States have revealed this practice at government levels [1-10].

It is terrible in that the borrowing nations borrow the money to build their infrastructure but most of the money are stolen by their corrupt officials through “kick backs” while only infra-structures of white elephant type are built. Finally the borrowing nations cannot repay the interests and has to cede their lands, seas to the lender nations.

2. Countries involved.

There are many borrower countries, most of them have opaque governments:

Sri Lanka has handed its port to China [11-12].

Vanuatu, Papua New Guinea [13-14].

The list goes on with small nations in China’s OBOR plan [15-16].

3. Conclusions:

People in the whole World should demand that:

a. The UN should require its members to have transparency in inter-national lending and development plans.

b. Auditing (by non-interested parties to those loans) is required on each loan for it to be legitimate as auditing is the only obvious way to help small countries from being devoured by shark lending practice.

c. Inter-government debts should NOT be recognized when it has no transparency and no independent auditing. Otherwise the debt burden will be placed on the people of small nations who had received little benefits from the loans.

References:

[1]. https://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2017/10/china-investments/543321/

[2]. https://www.reuters.com/article/us-usa-africa/africa-should-avoid-forfeiting-sovereignty-to-china-over-loans-tillerson-idUSKCN1GK114

[3]. https://www.smh.com.au/world/asia/world-bank-sounds-the-alarm-on-china-s-development-loans-and-trade-war-20180412-p4z98x.html

[4]. https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2018/06/18/business/china-seen-flexing-loan-muscle-pushes-farther-pacific-tentacles-reach-papua-new-guinea/#.Wyc9gGN9iUk

[5]. https://www.express.co.uk/finance/city/895670/china-developing-countries-loans-Sri-Lanka-Djibouti

[6]. https://www.straitstimes.com/asia/australianz/questions-over-beijings-rising-loans-to-pacific-nations

[7]. http://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-01-11/beijing-complains-about-attack-on-pacific-aid-programs/9319594

[8]. https://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2018/jan/11/julie-bishop-in-balancing-act-after-colleague-criticises-chinas-pacific-aid

[9]. http://www.afr.com/news/politics/national/labor-to-counter-china-in-pacific-richard-marles-says-20180503-h0zkxf

[10]. https://economictimes.indiatimes.com/news/defence/a-scary-glimpse-into-how-chinas-obor-can-ruin-small-countries/articleshow/60173526.cms

[11]. https://www.nytimes.com/2017/12/12/world/asia/sri-lanka-china-port.html

[12]. https://www.ft.com/content/e150ef0c-de37-11e7-a8a4-0a1e63a52f9c

[13]. https://www.qt.com.au/news/how-china-is-exerting-its-power-in-vanuatu/3384953/

[14]. https://www.smh.com.au/politics/federal/lend-unsustainably-and-move-quickly-the-china-modus-operandi-20180410-p4z8tj.html

[15]. https://www.theaustralian.com.au/national-affairs/pacific-nations-drowning-in-chinese-debt/news-story/082de1ecc957c9c4380bb9cb8555fa95

[16]. http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-02-12/australia-uneasy-over-chinese-investment-and-influence-in-png/8263384

Added after 2018 June 27:

[17]. https://thedefenstar.com/2018/06/27/how-china-got-sri-lanka-to-cough-up-hambantota-port/

[18]. https://www.nytimes.com/2016/03/21/world/australia/china-darwin-port-landbridge.html

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The journey back to North Korea of Kim Jong Un

The journey back to North Korea of Kim Jong Un

by tonytran2015 (Melbourne, Australia).

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The method to return back to North Korea by Kim Jong Un may speak about future relationship with America.

The journey back to North Korea of Kim Jong Un.
#North Korea, #US, #summit, #Singapore summit, #Kim Jong Un, #Trump,

Figure 1: Map of China and Asia on Chinese made glass Globes.

1. The trip from North Korean to Singapore.

Mr Kim Jong Un took a China Airline as North Korea has no international carrier. There seems to be precaution against something [1].

2. The return trip from Singapore to North Korea.

If there is an agreement with Donald Trump that is unfavorable to China [2], Mr Un would have to hesitate using China Airline on his return trip. He may have to use Singaporean Airline or some Swiss Airline under escort by US and Japanese Airforces.

The incident to Lin Biao cannot be ignored [3].

References.

[1]. https://brittius.wordpress.com/2018/06/11/kim-jong-uns-cargo-plane-brought-his-personal-portable-toilet-to-summit-in-singapore-gateway-pundit-june-11-2018-jim-hoft/

[2]. https://survivaltricks.wordpress.com/2018/05/28/north-korea-is-a-not-proxy-province-of-china/

[3]. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lin_Biao

 

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Sonic weapons are real

Sonic weapons are real

by tonytran2015 (Melbourne, Australia).

Click here for a full, up to date ORIGINAL ARTICLE and to help fighting the stealing of readers’ traffic.

(Blog No. 1xx).

#sonic weapon, #secret weapon, #US, #embassy,

Sonic weapons are real.

1. Theory

When you send to sound beams at 200,000Hz and 203,000Hz onto an object, that object WILL hear the beat frequency of 203,000Hz – 200,000Hz = 3,000Hz.
This is caused by the non-linear response of most materials, including the earlobes of the unsuspected victims.

The principle is familiar to radio amateurs and is known as demodulation using ring diodes to produce Intermediate Frequency from higher received and local oscillator’s frequencies.

2. Why should an attacker use two ultrasound beams.

Using two beams of ultrasounds avoids the appearance of obvious assault by loud noises, which is illegal in most country. Each ultrasound beam is also undetectable by ordinary people!

Furthermore, each beam is highly directional, with a wave length of only 300÷200,000 = 1.5mm.

The ears of the victim is the non-linear medium producing the beat frequency right inside the ears of the victim.

3. Possible counter-measures.

Earmuffs equipped with ultrasound sound meters may be effective.

References

[1]. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sound_from_ultrasound

[2]. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19574137

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