Five Spice mixture

Five spices mixture.

by tonytran2015 (Melbourne, Australia).

Click here for a full, up to date ORIGINAL ARTICLE and to help fighting the stealing of readers’ traffic.

(Blog No. 1xx).

#five spice, #mixture, #star anise, #amomum, #cloves, #Sichuan pepper, #fennel seeds, #liquorice, #cinnamon.

Five spices mixture.

1. Five spices mixture.

Figure: A Five Spices mixture.

It is a special ingredient mixture for cooking to give the distinctive smell and taste of Vietnamese rice noodle soup “Pho”.

2. Ingredients.

Figure: A Five Spices mixture. It is commonly a mixture made up of up to seven ingredients: 1.star anise, 2.amomum, 3.cloves, 4.Sichuan pepper, 5.fennel seeds, 6.liquorice, and 7.Chinese cinnamon.

The name implies that it is a mixture of five varieties of spices, with all having similar smells. The ready mixed mixtures sold in shops usually have six or up to seven ingredients. Only the first five ingredients listed here are present in most mixture bags. They may be the original five ingredients. They are: 1.star anise, 2.amomum, 3.cloves, 4.Sichuan pepper, 5.fennel seeds, 6.liquorice (later addition?), and 7.Chinese cinnamon (later addition?).

Liquorice is widely used in Orient as an agent to prevent cold and flu (proof required), overuse of liquorice may cause bleeding in the nose.

Cinnamon is also widely used in Orient as an agent to prevent cold and flu (proof required). When used as a spice, cinnamon seems to inhibit moulds from growing in soup broth.

Star anise gives the predominant smell of Five Spices mixture. Some people put star anise into Vietnamese sticky rice alcohol to make alcohol with anise flavor.

3. Cautionary notes.

Eating too much food cooked with five spice mixture will make your sweat and urine have its smell.

4. Where to find it.

Five spice mixture is sold in 100g bags in Chinese grocery store. Currently each bag costs about AUD 3.00

References.

[1]. https://www.thespruce.com/how-to-make-five-spice-powder-4065302

[2]. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spice_mix

[3]. Licorice, https://www.drugs.com/mtm/licorice.html

[4]. Licorice Root, National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH), https://nccih.nih.gov/health/licoriceroot

[5]. https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/10-proven-benefits-of-cinnamon#section4

[6]. Cinnamon, National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH), https://nccih.nih.gov/health/cinnamon

Please note that round worms are quite different from human beings.

[7]. Cinnamon Bark and Ginseng in Herbal Formulas Increase Life Span of Roundworms, https://nccih.nih.gov/research/results/spotlight/052510.htm

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Fable of a donkey and the hut of his master

Fable of a donkey and the hut of his master.

by tonytran2015 (Melbourne, Australia).

Click here for a full, up to date ORIGINAL ARTICLE and to help fighting the stealing of readers’ traffic.

(Blog No. 1xx).

Fable of a donkey and the hut of his master.

#donkey, #hut, #cabin, #master

Figure: Two donkeys tied to a donkey transport vehicle.

I learnt of the following fable from a French book many many years ago:

Once there was a man who used to have his donkey tied near to the door of his hut.

On a cold night he heard the thumpings on his door.

When he opened the door, he saw the donkey doing the thumpimg. The donkey then said:

“Master, it is cold for my head, I want to put my head inside your hut.” The master thought that he should help his donkey and agreed to the request.

The following night, he woke up in the night to see the donkey squeezing him while saying to him: “Master, it is too cold outside, not only you but both of us had to be inside, I now only have my front half inside.” He felt upset but he had no strength to push the donkey out of the hut.

The morning came, he untied the donkey then went out for work. Late after work, he came back and saw the donkey sleeping comfortably in his hut. He told the donkey to get out, the donkey replied: “Master, it is too cold ouside for me, you should not upset me, you should sleep outside, there is not enough room inside for both of us !”

The morality is Always make clear to the recipients of your help that your help to them is not limitless.

Reference:

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Please sign and pay up to be spied on !

Please sign and pay up to be spied on.

by tonytran2015 (Melbourne, Australia).

Click here for a full, up to date ORIGINAL ARTICLE and to help fighting the stealing of readers’ traffic.

(Blog No. … ).

#spyware, #mobile phone, #smart phone, #computer, #camera, kitchen appliance,

Please sign and pay up to be spied on.

The irony is that you, as an individual, voluntarily agree to and pay to install and upgrade the devices that may spy on you even in your own home.

Your mobile phones, security cameras, modems can help someone to spy on you. Even your fridge can help someone to send emails to you [1, 2, 3].

Any spyware now is so clever that you have little chance of discovering it by yourself [4]. A spyware may hide undetected inside your own computer [5, 6]. Spyware problem is so widespread that people have to help each other (through social network) to remove them [7].

Widespread use of smart phones which are miniaturized computers even bring into existence some around the clock spyware. Any smart phone spyware may (or may not ?, to maintain deniability by manufacturers) be pre-installed in your smart phones by manufacturers [8, 9, 10, 11, 12].

You cannot say that the US military is paranoid when it bans all phone gears manufactured by (Chinese) Huawei and ZTE. [13, 14]. Even so the US government is still worried about being spied upon by China which manufactures a high proportion of US computing equipment and components [15, 16, 17, 18, 19].

Even your harmless looking USB should also be suspected. Every USB is a small computer that provides streams of data from its arrays of memories upon receiving some instructions from the USB port. What would happen if the memory content of the USB had some malware? or if that small computer on the USB had hidden in it some unknown, secret instructions for activating some malicious action? So USB drives may not be allowed in many US government departments and private organizations. [20, 21]

For any individual, he gets to remember that his privacy may be compromised by any of the smart devices he brought home !

References

]1]. These Devices May Be Spying On You (Even In Your Own Home), Joseph Steinberg Contributor, Jan 27, 2014,9:15 am, https://www.forbes.com/sites/josephsteinberg/2014/01/27/these-devices-may-be-spying-on-you-even-in-your-own-home/#2d865341b859

[2]. The NSA hides surveillance software in hard drives, Jon Fingas, 02.16.15,
https://www.engadget.com/2015/02/16/hard-drive-spyware/

[3]. Your hard drives were riddled with NSA spyware for years, Kaspersky: ‘Equation Group’ attacked ‘high value targets’, By Darren Pauli 17 Feb 2015 at 01:57, https://www.theregister.co.uk/2015/02/17/kaspersky_labs_equation_group/

[4]. There’s no way of knowing if the NSA’s spyware is on your hard drive, ‘Equation group’ spyware likely only targeted specific hard drives and SSDs, By Lucas Mearian, Senior Reporter, Computerworld Feb 18, 2015 6:00 AM PT,
https://www.computerworld.com/article/2885069/theres-no-way-of-knowing-if-the-nsas-spyware-is-on-your-hard-drive.html

[5]. Lenovo Caught (3rd Time) Pre-Installing Spyware on its Laptops, September 24, 2015Swati, https://thehackernews.com/2015/09/lenovo-laptop-virus.html

[6]. Lenovo Settles Over the Built-In Spyware Scandal-Lenovo Superfish,
Mike Sanders, September 6, 2017, https://www.eteknix.com/lenovo-settles-build-spyware-scandal/

[7]. How to remove the dangerous Superfish adware preinstalled on Lenovo PCs, By Brad Chacos Senior Editor, PCWorld Feb 20, 2015 4:37 PM PT, https://www.pcworld.com/article/2886278/how-to-remove-the-dangerous-superfish-adware-presintalled-on-lenovo-pcs.html

[8]. https://readwrite.com/2013/04/23/5-signs-android-smartphone-infected-malware/

[9]. https://androidforums.com/threads/malware-spyware-built-into-phone-help.1025125/

[10]. https://forums.androidcentral.com/ask-question/756137-what-common-data-service.html

[11]. https://forum.fairphone.com/t/pre-installed-apps-and-their-purpose/1884

[12]. https://android.stackexchange.com/questions/170487/what-is-common-data-service-app-in-the-preinstalled-app-list

[13]. Personnel on US military bases can no longer buy phones and other gear manufactured by Chinese firms Huawei and ZTE, after the Pentagon said the devices pose an “unacceptable” security risk.by AFP on May 05, 2018 Tweet, https://www.securityweek.com/us-military-bans-huawei-zte-phones

[14]. https://www.theverge.com/2018/8/13/17686310/huawei-zte-us-government-contractor-ban-trump

[15]. Chinese spy chips are found in hardware used by Apple, Amazon, Bloomberg says; Apple, AWS say no way, https://www.cnbc.com/2018/10/04/chinese-spy-chips-are-said-to-be-found-in-hardware-used-by-apple-amazon-apple-denies-the-bloomberg-businessweek-report.html

[16]. China allegedly infiltrated US companies through implanted hardware backdoors,
Zeljka Zorz, Managing EditorOctober 4, 2018, https://www.helpnetsecurity.com/2018/10/04/implanted-hardware-backdoors/

[17]. https://irishinfosecnews.wordpress.com/2018/10/04/china-allegedly-infiltrated-us-companies-through-implanted-hardware-backdoors/

[18]. Report: In Huge Hack, Chinese Manufacturer Sneaks Backdoors Onto Motherboards, https://www.darkreading.com/network-and-perimeter-security/report-in-huge-hack-chinese-manufacturer-sneaks-backdoors-onto-motherboards/d/d-id/1332977

[19]. https://irishinfosecnews.wordpress.com/2018/10/04/report-in-huge-hack-chinese-manufacturer-sneaks-backdoors-onto-motherboards/

[20]. https://www.cybereason.com/blog/five-reasons-why-ibm-banning-usb-drives-is-a-good-security-practice

[21]. https://gcn.com/articles/2010/02/23/dod-flash-drives.aspx

[22]. https://triggerreset.net/2018/10/25/samsung-will-delete-your-memory-so-your-favorite-shows-will-seem-new-again/

[23]. https://theoverspill.blog/2018/10/25/start-up-no-938-cook-calls-for-us-data-privacy-sidewalk-adviser-quits-will-5g-change-filmmaking-millennials-v-tablets-and-more/

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In-flight Panic – Stay Calm! Pilot …..

via In-flight Panic – Stay Calm! Pilot …..

“BA flight from Kuala Lumpur on the evening of June 24, 1982, ran into volcanic dust. Captain makes the following statement to the passengers: “Ladies and gentlemen, this is your captain speaking. We have a small problem. All four engines have stopped. We are doing our damnedest to get them going again. I trust you are not in too much distress.”

Comment by tonytran2015: Quite a hilarious account of actual cabin announcements.

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Harvest Moon festival in Melbourne (Australia) is for all.

Harvest Moon festival in Melbourne (Australia) is for all.

by tonytran2015 (Melbourne, Australia).

Click here for a full, up to date ORIGINAL ARTICLE and to help fighting the stealing of readers’ traffic.

(Blog No. 1xx).

#harvest Moon festival, #Brimsbank, #Melbourne, #Australia, #festival, #carnival

Harvest Moon festival in Melbourne (Australia) is for all.

The Harvest Moon festival of East Asian origin [1] now includes activities from many other cultures in Melbourne.

Figure: Stage dance.

Note that the dancers on stage are not of Asian descendants. The carnival has all Western carnival settings and children rides, complete with pony rides.

Figure: Ponies for children rides.

Reference.

[1]. https://survivaltricks.wordpress.com/2017/09/29/harvest-moon-festival-in-east-asian-calendar/

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Sore throat infection from cold drinks with ice in Vietnam.

Sore throat infection from cold drinks with ice in Vietnam.

by tonytran2015 (Melbourne, Australia).

Click here for a full, up to date ORIGINAL ARTICLE and to help fighting the stealing of readers’ traffic.

(Blog No. 1xx).

Visitors to Vietnam (most of them to Saigon) often caught Sore Throat infection. They would hear some claims by the mass that there are some outbreaks of throat infection by influenza virii. Actually there are no such outbreaks in influenza virii to cause such infection.

This is the story of my own search for the real reason for the claim that drinking cold drink with ice in Vietnam may cause a throat infection.

#throat infection, #cold drink with ice cubes, #unhygienic drink serving, #Vietnam

Sore throat infection from cold drinks with ice in Vietnam.

1. Having sore throat after having few drinks in Vietnam?

A tourist went out to have few glass of beers or cold drinks in the most expensive places in Vietnam and come back to his room with a sore throat infection. His friends tell him that everyone drinking cold drinks in Vietnam eventually gets an infection due to the cold drinks. Government Health Department has so many blunders that it has no more credibility to offer any recommendation. So the tourist may believe that his cold drinks may have caused his infection.

2. My search for the true cause of sore throat infection in Vietnam.

Ice makers in Vietnam are under some degree of control by the Vietnamese Health Department.

The beer and soft drink makers are also under some degree of control by the Vietnamese Health Department.

The drink glasses have been mostly cleaned and well washed.

So it was a puzzle to see why a tourist can catch a throat infection in an expensive reception or club.

3. Some investigative work is needed.

Paying attention on the way cold drinks are served in Vietnam brings out some UNSUAL activities: The waiters are always busy pulling out the ice cubes from guests’ glasses to replace them with bigger cubes: The partially dissolved cubes are pulled out of each glass by a pair of tongues. They are then placed in an ice bucket that carries all ice cubes, new and partially dissolved. The waiters then choose from those cubes one of the right size for dropping into the guest’s glass to make its liquid rise to the brim. The waiters want to make an image that the glasses of all guests are always full.

You should know by now why people consuming cold drinks with ice cubes have sore throat infection.

4 The most probable cause of throat infection for tourists to Vietnam

a/- Suppose that a guest has a throat infection.
b/- The pair of tongues that dip into his drink may carry some virus.
c/- His ice cubes may carry some virus.
d/- The ice bucket now spreads thw virus to all cubes.
e/- The pair of tongues and the ice cubes from the bucket carries virus to the guest being served.
f/- Every guest now equitably shared some virus.

5. Personal actions to avoid such throat infection.

a/- Whenever I needed a drink, I avoided their glasses, pair of tongues for ice and ice cubes by asking for a fridge cooled, sealed, pull-top can of drink. I would then personally wash its top in the toilet then bring it back to the table and open it, drinking the content directly from its opened top with a drink straw. I would then ask the waiters to give me privacy and keep away from me and my can of drink !

b/- If ice cubes are needed insist on obtaining them yourself directly from a sealed bag from a well known ice manufacturer and NOT PARTIALLY DISSOLVED cubes as the latter may come out of someone else’ glass. It is paradoxic that STREET VENDORS seem to ADHERE MORE to this rule for hygiene than expensive clubs and reception centers full of (wrongly trained) busy looking waiters.

c/- Observe strictly the rules of NOT SHARING EATING AND DRINKING CUTTLERY. This rule is observed rigorously in Western Countries and in Former (pre 1975) South Vietnam but it is NOT observed by people from former North Vietnam.

d/- The non-observance of this rule of NOT SHARING EATING AND DRINKING CUTTLERY now spreads to the majority of alcoholic drinkers in Vietnam. DO NOT share their glasses and avoid drinking with them.

Reference.

[1].

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Too many problems with Malaysian Airlines ?

Too many problems with Malaysian Airlines ?

by tonytran2015 (Melbourne, Australia).

Click here for a full, up to date ORIGINAL ARTICLE and to help fighting the stealing of readers’ traffic.

(Blog No. 1xx).

When going oversea, passengers have to choose their most suitable airlines. Currently Malaysian Airline is promoting itself but some passengers still feel uneasy with the records of this Airline.

#Malaysian airline, #MH 17, #MH 370, MH 134, #pitot cover, #pitot tube cover,

Too many problems with Malaysian Airlines ?

1. Previous total loss of two flights of Malaysian Airline.

320px-Boeing_777-200ER_Malaysia_AL_(MAS)_9M-MRO_-_MSN_28420_404_(9272090094)

Figure: Malaysia Airlines Boeing 777-200ER (9M-MRO) taking off at Roissy-Charles de Gaulle Airport (LFPG) in France, Author Laurent ERRERA from L’Union, France, licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.0 Generic license. Original file: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Boeing_777-200ER_Malaysia_AL_(MAS)_9M-MRO_-_MSN_28420_404_(9272090094).jpg

People should be sympathetic to a corporation which had been the unwilling victim of disasters. Malaysian Airline had been struck with two disasters involving its flights MH370 [1] and MH17 [2,3,4,5].

The two unplanned, unwanted deadly strikes had caused heavy financial damage to Malaysian Airlines. The final report offered by Malaysia government on MH370 has not been reassuring and has been accused of being a white wash. Some people may feel that they should only look forward when flying on this airline. However sympathetic to the airline, prospective passengers of this airlines are still uneasy with many of the following factors which seem to indicate a bigger systemic failure in Malaysia.

2. Credibility problems with Malaysian system.

The final report offered by Malaysia government on MH-370 has not been reassuring and has been accused of being a white wash [6,7,8]:

Why had not KL air controllers timely informed air controllers of TSN (HCM, Saigon) from Vietnam when flight MH370 crossed their air control boundary? Where were the air defence radars of Malaysia?

On the MH 17, people would have to ask why did the airline fly over a dangerous sky above a deadly zone of conflict ?

The credibility of this international report (under the auspice of ICAO) is further diminished by a pattern of incomprehinsible non-aviationic events from Malaysia.

The jailing and then release from jail of Deputy P.M. Anwar Ibrahim [9].

The missing billions of dollars in the Malaysian pension fund 1MDB [10].

3. The current conducts of Malaysian Airline

A recent (2018/7/18) technical incidence to flight MH-134 resulting in a disabled airliner of Malaysian Airlines at Brisbane Airport has casted a question mark on the rigid adherence to Malaysian Airlines flight procedures (such as preflight visual inspection by pilot by around the aircraft in counter-clockwise direction, seeing a working airspeed indicator during taxi) [11,16].

“The ATSB is investigating an airspeed indication failure on take-off involving an Airbus A330, 9M-MTK, at Brisbane Airport, Queensland on 18 July 2018.

During take-off, the airspeed indicators failed and the crew conducted a return to Brisbane”[12].

4. Murder of Kim Jong-Nam in KUA LUMPUR International Airport.

This home base of the airline is not quite secure. The security of flights may be affected [17,18].

5. Conclusion.

It takes time and effort to build the reputation of an airline. For me, I would stick to Qantas, a World Airline WITH ABSOLUTELY NO HULL FATALITY since 1951.

References.

[1]. https://www.news.com.au/travel/travel-updates/incidents/after-years-of-investigations-the-mh370-mystery-will-be-laid-to-rest-with-a-final-report/news-story/d8868d3120e6d2f2b76a9adf506cc648

[2]. https://www.sbs.com.au/news/australia-considers-diplomatic-action-against-russia-over-mh17-findings

[3]. http://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-05-24/russian-missile-was-used-to-shoot-down-flight-mh17/9797308

[4]. http://www.abc.net.au/news/2017-07-05/mh17-investigation-team-signals-intent-press-charges/8682044

[5]. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-europe-43457694

[6]. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malaysia_Airlines_Flight_370

[7]. https://www.smh.com.au/world/camera-captures-missing-malaysia-airlines-mh370-pilots-clearing-airport-security-20140317-hvjh0.html

[8]. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-2582146/Caught-CCTV-Pilots-doomed-Malaysian-Airlines-flight-walk-security-final-time-off.html

[9]. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Anwar_Ibrahim

[10]. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-44076319

[11]. http://www.abc.net.au/news/2018-07-25/malaysia-airlines-flight-emergency-plastic-covers-left-on-probes/10035646

[12]. https://www.atsb.gov.au/publications/investigation_reports/2018/aair/ao-2018-053/

[12b]. https://aviation-safety.net/wikibase/wiki.php?id=213551

[13]. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-5987121/Malaysia-Airlines-questioned-following-emergency-landing-Brisbane.html

[14]. http://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-5969821/Malaysia-Airlines-plane-makes-emergency-landing-Brisbane-airport-speed-instruments-failure.html

[15]. https://www.airlineratings.com/news/malaysia-airlines-spotlight-brisbane-pitot-tube-incident/

[16]. https://www.thetimes.co.uk/article/emergency-landing-damages-malaysia-airlines-passenger-jet-0sbm6zk99

[17]. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Kim_Jong-nam

[18]. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-41464331

[19]. http://www.askthepilot.com/questionanswers/quantas-safest-airlines/

[20]. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_Qantas_fatal_accidents

Added after 2018 Aug 15th:

[21]. https://www.christianpost.com/news/mh-370-hijack-theory-re-emerges-with-reports-of-co-pilots-attempt-to-make-mid-flight-phone-call-117863/

[22]. https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/malaysia/10706848/Missing-Flight-MH370-Aviation-experts-focus-on-hijack-theory.html

[23]. https://www.dailystar.co.uk/news/latest-news/546323/MH370-plane-doomed-jet-crash-conspiracy-theories-deliberately-crashed-flight-wreckage

[24]. https://www.reddit.com/r/MH370/comments/8k6o3z/aussie_transport_safety_bureau_to_face_senate/

[25]. https://www.atsb.gov.au/mh370-pages/updates/reports.aspx

[26]. https://www.flyingmag.com/atsb-publishes-final-report-on-mh370

[27]. https://www.msn.com/en-my/news/national/report-veteran-pilot-maintains-%e2%80%98mh370-pilot-did-it%e2%80%99-theory/ar-BBGNAxw

[28]. http://themillenniumreport.com/2018/05/former-navy-pilot-exposes-truth-about-mh-370-disappearance/

[29]. https://www.news.com.au/world/asia/new-mh370-report-poses-as-many-questions-as-it-answers/news-story/0ababf515f2ae23cbba3615cbffb75f2

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A note on enjoying your life.

These are the contents of LIVING sub-page re-organized in book order for coherent reading.

Rice as emergency food., posted December 24, 2016

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Mung Beans as grains for self-reliance.

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canh chua bac ha

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Soup of Parsnip and Tomatoes.jpg

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Roast Chicken Edible

Roasted Chicken Artif. Coloured

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Mi Xa Xiu 3

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Dried longans after boiling.jpg

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SmashedMungBeansinCrushedIce

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Red Lilies from Viet Stall

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Lunisolar Calendars track the rhythm of nature better

Lunisolar Calendars track the rhythm of nature better.

by tonytran2015 (Melbourne, Australia).

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#lunisolar calendar, #lunar calendar, #solar term, #tiết, #leap month, #solstice, #moon phase,

When traveling to Asia, Westerners are often surprised that many locals still use Lunar Calendars. The mystery will dissolve when they know more about Lunar Calendars.

In terms of survival, East Asian Lunar Calendars offer many advantages which keep them in use in East Asia and maybe in some other countries as well.

1. The East Asian Lunisolar Calendars.

The East Asian Lunisolar Calendars are based on Lunar Months and on Seasons.

They have the following characteristics:

1. A new month begins with the appearance of a New Moon any time during the WHOLE night of of the first day of the new month.

Note that a Lunar “day and night” period in East Asian Lunar Calendar just mean exactly that. It does not means from midnight to the following midnight. A Lunar “day and night” starts on a Sunrise and end at the next Sunrise.

MoonShapesNAngles5C

Figure 1: Phase of the Moon. A new Moon is the Moon with a thin white crescent on its leading edge (top right corner of the picture) which is first visible right after sunset on the Western horizon

2. The New Year of East Asian Lunar Calendar has been traditionally celebrated only from the First day (after Sunrise) of the New Year. The Midnight Firecracker Celebration on the last night of the expiring year is a hybrid concept of the beginning of a New Year.

The Firecracker custom by Chinese was traditionally used to keep some “Evil dragon” away from people’s houses during the change of guards in Heaven and at family Altars.

3. The post-solstice Month following a Winter Solstice (December 21st) is called the Final Month (“tháng Chạp” in Vietnamese meaning Preservation (?) Month).

4. The Month following the post-Solstice Month is ALWAYS a First Month of the next year (“tháng Chánh” in Chinese Vietnamese meaning Principal Month, “tháng Giêng” in Vietnamese).

5. Months are given names like Month 1 (First or Principal Month), Month 2, …, Month 11, Final Month (post-Solstice and last month).

6. As the beginnings of days and Lunar months depend on the longitude of an observer, the beginning of days, months may differ between countries seperated by few degrees in longitude. The Lunisolar Calendars of China, Korea, Taiwan and Vietnam may have their New Years differing by more than 28 days.

7. As Lunar months are only about 29.5 days long, every few (nearly 3) years there will be one Lunar year with 13 Lunar months. The additional month is called a Leap Month for that year.

8. As East Asian lives have been traditionally based on agriculture, the Lunar Calendars must help people track seasons. The Lunar months are named so that each denotes a particular time of the seasons.

For examples:

There is a folk phrase in Vietnamese “Tháng Năm (5) chưa nằm đã sáng, Tháng Mười (10) chưa cười đã tối.” It means 5th Months have shortest nights while 10th Months have shortest days.

One of planters’ songs about planting times for various crops in Vietnam is “Tháng chạp là tháng trồng khoai, Tháng giêng trồng đậu, tháng hai trồng cà. Tháng ba cày vỡ ruộng ra, Tháng tư làm mạ mưa sa đầy đồng. Ai ai cùng vợ cùng chồng, Chồng cày vợ cấy, trong lòng vui thay. Tháng năm gặt hái đã xong, Nhờ trời một mẫu năm nong thóc đầy…”. It means “final month is for planting root crops, principal month planting bean crops, second month tomato crops. Third month is for tilting and ploughing soil, fourth month for planting rice seedlings under the rain, …, fifth month comes with all harvesting well finished,…”

9. To preserve the characters of months, the leap month in any year with 13 Lunar months is inserted between month 1 and month 11 such that seasonal characters of other months are preserved.

10. There are 24 nearly equally spaced, designated (by East Asian Astronomers) marker points on the Ecliptic called “Solar terms” in “Chinese English”. The position of the Sun relative to these markers tell its progress along the Ecliptic and the season in the year. Any leap month is inserted such that the Sun does not go far from its expected positions for the month [6].

star map mercatorx1p6

Figure: The wavy line in this Mercator map of the sky is the Ecliptic. The Sun travels on it. There are 24 marker points on this line used by East Asian Astronomers to quantify the position of the Sun on this line.

The time the Sun goes past any marker is called a “tiết” in Old Chinese-Vietnamese; “tiết” means a beginning of any one of 24 sub-seasons in the exact solar year (Each traditional astronomically based season is further subdivided into six sub-seasons by East Asian Astronomers.). There are 24 sub-seasons of roughly equal lengths and their 24 “tiết”s with 24 individual names:

Solar R.A. = 270°冬至 dōngzhì Đông chí Dec 22 11th winter maximum (solstice). DATE for ANCHORING 11th month. This anchoring may make months 11 in neighbouring countries differ by nearly 28 days.

Solar R.A. = 285°小寒 xiǎohán Tiểu hàn Jan 6, bit frigid

Solar R.A. = 300°大寒 dàhán Đại hàn Jan 20 most frigid, roughly the middle of 12th month,

Solar R.A. = 315°立春 lìchūn Lập xuân Feb 4 spring begins, close to the beginning of CONVENTIONAL 1st month, There is NO LEAP month from 11th to 1st month.

Solar R.A. = 330°雨水 yǔshuǐ Vũ thủy Feb 19, more rain than snow, LEAP month may be inserted after 1st monrh and before 11th month.

Solar R.A. = 345°驚蟄 (惊蛰)jīngzhé Kinh trập啓蟄 Mar 6, hibernating insects awaken,

Solar R.A. = 0°春分 chūnfēn Xuân phân Mar 21 2nd month midpoint, spring center (equinox) , Target date for middle of 2nd month,

Solar R.A. = 15°清明 qīngmíng Thanh minh Apr 5, clear and bright

Solar R.A. = 30°穀雨 (谷雨) gǔyǔ Cốc vũ Apr 20 3rd month midpoint wheat rain , Target date for middle of 3rd month,

Solar R.A. = 45°立夏 lìxià Lập hạ May 6, summer begins

Solar R.A. = 60°小滿 xiǎomǎnTiểu mãn小満 May 21 creatures plentiful , Target date for middle of 4th month,

Solar R.A. = 75°芒種 (芒种) mángzhòng Mang chủng Jun 6, seeding millet

Solar R.A. = 90°夏至 xiàzhì Hạ chí Jun 21 summer maximum (solstice) , Target date for middle of 5th month,

Solar R.A. = 105°小暑 xiǎoshǔ Tiểu thử Jul 7, bit sweltering

Solar R.A. = 120°大暑 dàshǔ Đại thử Jul 23 most sweltering , Target date for middle of 6th month,

Solar R.A. = 135°立秋 lìqiū Lập thu Aug 8 autumn begins

Solar R.A. = 150°處暑 (处暑)chǔshǔ Xử thử Aug 23 heat withdraws , Target date for middle of 7th month,

Solar R.A. = 165°白露 báilù白露 Bạch lộ Sep 8 dew

Solar R.A. = 180°秋分 qiūfēn Thu phân Sep 23 autumn center (equinox) , Target date for middle of 8th month,

Solar R.A. = 195°寒露 hánlù Hàn lộ Oct 8 cold dew

Solar R.A. = 210°霜降 shuāngjiàng Sương giáng, Oct 23 frost , Target date for middle of 9th month,

Solar R.A. = 225°立冬 lìdōng Lập đông Nov 7 winter begins

Solar R.A. = 240°小雪 xiǎoxuě Tiểu tuyết Nov 22 snows a bit , Target date for middle of 10th month,

Solar R.A. = 255°大雪 dàxuě Đại tuyết Dec 7 snows a lot

The leap month is inserted so that months with the same names mostly contain the same solar-determined sub-seasons over years.

2. Disadvantages of Lunisolar Calendars.

1. The lengths of months do not follow any simple pattern.

2. Calendar users have to rely on central astronomers to know when is a leap year and which month will be the leap month for that leap year.

3. As the beginnings of days and Lunar months depend on the longitude of an observer, the beginning of days, months may differ between countries separated by few degrees in longitude. The Lunisolar Calendars of China, Korea, Taiwan and Vietnam may have their New Years differing by more than 28 days.

4. The number of days between any two given dates are hard to calculate.

5. Consequently it is difficult for house builders or any contractors to work out the number of working days in any project. However, East Asians are often concerned with weekly matters (how long is the harvest period, etc..,) or with decade long matters (when and where will their children live, migrate to!).

3. Advantages of Lunisolar Calendars.

1. The day in the calendar month is displayed by the Moon. Some Vietnamese can tell the day without any delay just by looking at the Moon.

2. Market days and Buddhist fasting and festival days are always on the 15th day of the Lunar months. There is plenty of Moonlight on those days.

3. The tides are strongest on full Moon and No-Moon days. This makes easy planning with water transportation on rivers and canals. (Wedding celebrations in remote areas in Southern Vietnam are still carried out with great timing precision so that guests can arrive and return by boats).

4. Any two distant parties may agree to conveniently meet each other halfway at each full-Moon.

5. Before full Moon, the lit side of a Non-full Moon always points Westwards. After full Moon, it points Eastwards. So the Calendars help with nighttime navigating.

6. Rodents and insects are exposed to their predators (such as night-owls, cats, snakes…) at night in full Moon. So their nighttime forage depends on Moon phase and days in the Lunar months.

7. Seeds and succulent seedlings are exposed to rodents and insects in Moon lit nights. Planters (including Asian and European) have known it is best to count days from full Moon to plant various seeds.

8. Water creatures like crabs do get fattened or skinny depending on Moon phase (probably due to their feeding and mating habits). Vietnamese wisdom advises against buying crabs for meals after full Moon.

4. Conclusion.

Lunisolar calendars track the rhythm of nature better. People in East Asia may retain the calendars as their lives are more dependent on this rhythm.

References.

[1]. https://survivaltricks.wordpress.com/2017/01/19/simple-determination-of-east-asia-lunisolar-new-year/

[2]. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lunisolar_calendar

[3]. Sima Qian, Records of History by the grand historian (translated by Burton Watson), Qin Dynasty, Han Dynasty I (Rev. Ed.) and Han Dynasty II (Rev. Ed.), the Res. Cent. for Transl. The Chinese Univ. of Hon Kong and Colubia Univ. Press, Hong Kong and New York, 1961. Han Dynasty II p.38 showed that in 113BC, month 11 has the solstice.

[4]. Helmer Aslaksen, The Mathematics of the Chinese Calendar, http://www.math.nus.edu.sg/aslaksen/calendar/chinese.shtml, accessed 19 Jan 2017.

[5]. Ho Ngoc Duc, Thuat toan am lich (in Vietnamese), https://www.informatik.uni-leipzig.de/~duc/amlich/calrules.html, accessed 19 Jan 2017.
[6]. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Solar_term

[7]. https://vi.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C4%90%E1%BA%A1i_h%C3%A0n

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Soup of Parsnips and Tomatoes (Canh củ cải trẳng).

Soup of Parsnips and Tomatoes (Canh củ cải trẳng).

by tonytran2015 (Melbourne, Australia).

Click here for a full, up to date ORIGINAL ARTICLE and to help fighting the stealing of readers’ traffic.

(Blog No.115).

#Soup, #parsnip soup,, #Parsnip, #tomatoes, #Canh Cu Cai Trang, #MSG,

Soup of Parsnips and Tomatoes (Canh củ cải trẳng).

This is a very simple, non-odoured, low priced soup dish that is also the base for making a variety of delicious, healthy Vietnamese and Cantonese dishes such as soup of pork legs (canh đùi heo), soup of pork ribs (canh sườn heo), soup of minced pork wrapped in Chinese cabbage and chives (canh cải Bẳc thảo dồn thịt), or soup of minced pork stuffed in chive strung tofu, (canh đậu hủ dồn thịt), soup of balls of minced fish (canh cá vò viên), soup of balls of smashed beef (thĩt bò vò viên), Cantonese rice noodle soup (Hủ tiểu).

Non-odored dish means a dish that does not make your body have its aroma (smell) after eating.

(Parsnip=Củ cải trẳng, Chinese cabbage= Cải Bẳc (Northern) thảo (vegetable); Chives= Hẹ).
1. Preparation

Chop a whole parsnip into small pieces of about 10g in weight each and boil it in a glass or ceramic cook pot until it becomes soft. Slice tomatoes into one eighth pieces and add to the broth and boils until tomato pieces also becomes soft as in the photo.

You may add some chopped shallots, chopped spring onions and ground pepper to suite your taste.

The soup is ready for serving.

NOTE:

Glass or ceramic cook pots do not interfere with the taste of the soup.
2. Ingredients

a. Parsnip plant (Pastinaca sativa) is a root vegetable closely related to the carrotand parsley.

Parsnips are sold in supermarket as tubers. They look like washed carrots but they are white, about 20cm to 40cm long. Current price is $4.00 AUD ($3 USD) per Kg.

Parsnip tubers had been used as a sweetener in Europe until replaced by beetroot and sugar-canes. They are rich in vitamins (C, E, B1, B6, B3, B5) and mineral metals (K, P, Mg, Ca, Na).

Parsnips repel aphids, Western organic planters plant them among cabbage plants to repel aphids, using no insecticide but parsnips’ natural odour.

Oriental (Eastern) herbalists claim that parsnips neutralize many toxic substances as well as render ineffective (proof ?) oriental oral medications. Herbalists’ wisdom advises against eating any parsnip together with pears, apple, grapes, medicines, ginseng, carrots (Rigorous proofs to claims are still not available).

b. Tomatoes are sold in supermarkets. Current price is $3.00 AUD ($2 USD) per Kg.

c. Shallots (Hành hương). Leeks (Hành Tây).

d. Spring onion (hành lá). Chives (Hẹ).

CAUTION:

Touching parsnip then exposure of the skin to sunlight may cause skin rash.

While the root of the parsnip is edible, the shoots and leaves of the plant have toxic sap containing furanocoumarins [1].

WARNINGS:

Mono-sodium glutamate (MSG) imitates the taste of this soup. Unprofessional cooks using non-authentic recipes may put in a lot of mono-sodium glutamate to fool customers. Traditional, authentic recipes have no such modern ingredient. Soup with MSG is watery, with few parsnips and few tomatoes.

In the short term, mono-sodium glutamate may cause extreme headache, throat congestion, prolong thirst and swelling of your ankles and feet. Do NOT eat any non-authentic dish prepared with such ingredient.
3. Contraindications [3].

Parsnips are not to be eaten while taking some herbal medications.

Parsnips are not to be eaten with [3, 4, 5, 6, 7]:

a. Carrots. Carrots have many enzymes that quickly destroy any beneficial vitamin C from parsnips [3,4].

b. Ginseng. [3].

c. Pears, apples, grapes. Cyanogenic acid from parsnip may react (proof ?) with some compounds of in these fruits [3,4] to produce toxic chemicals. Vietnamese herbalists and media [3,4,5,6,7] claimed that prolonged consumption of these toxic chemicals can even cause (proof ?) lumps on the necks.

d. “Wood ears” mushrooms (Auricularia auricula-judae). Eaters would have skin rash [4].

4. Where to find it?

It is an inexpensive, common favorite dish (costing 10000VND =$0:50 US in 2017) in Vietnam (in Saigon).

I don’t know how much it would cost in a Vietnamese restaurant outside Vietnam.

References.

[1]. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Parsnip

[1b]. https://www.betterhealth.vic.gov.au/health/ingredientsprofiles/Parsnip

[2]. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Monosodium_glutamate

[3]. http://m.vietnamnet.vn/vn/suc-khoe/an-toan-thuc-pham/khong-nen-an-cu-cai-trang-voi-nhung-loai-nay-342952.html

[4]. http://us.24h.com.vn/suc-khoe-doi-song/5-thuc-pham-ky-an-voi-cu-cai-trang-vi-de-sinh-benh-c62a828710.html
[5]. http://m.soha.vn/song-khoe/cu-cai-vo-tinh-an-voi-nhung-thuc-pham-sau-rat-co-hai-20140401144246627.htm

[6]. https://m.vov.vn/suc-khoe/tac-dung-khong-ngo-cua-cu-cai-trang-366521.vov

[7]. https://m.baomoi.com/dung-bao-gio-ket-hop-cu-cai-trang-voi-5-thuc-pham-nay-keo-mang-hoa/c/23053807.epi

[8]. https://crookedbearcreekorganicherbs.com/2018/04/10/companion-planting-with-herbs/
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