Cautious use of smart phones is needed to avoid deadly candida auris infection

Cautious use of smart phones is needed to avoid deadly candida auris infection

by tonytran2015 (Melbourne, Australia).

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#smart phone, #ear phone, #head phone, #candida auris,

A threatening mean of transmitting a deadly infection

Most smart phones are now made in China. They come equipped with ear-phones. There is now a coincidental worldwide outbreak of deadly candida auris infecting patients’ ears.

Figure: Countries with Candida auris. (Source: https://www.cdc.gov/fungal/candida-auris/tracking-c-auris.html#world)

We can see that the most affected countries are also affluent ones with high rate of smart phone usage (except for Central and South America). Is this just a coincidence?

We should suspect that the fungus may had been spread by widespread usage of earphones (and many smart phone users do actually share their earphones).

The fungus would also spread if the production facilities in China were contaminated. However this is unlikely to be the cause of the current outbreak since CDC has found that those fungi causing the current outbreak do not originate from a single common source.

References

[1]. https://vlcrain17.wordpress.com/2019/04/06/candida-auris-its-time-to-worry/

[2]. https://www.nytimes.com/2019/04/06/health/candida-auris-facts.html

The rise of C. auris has been little publicized in part because it is so new. But also, outbreaks have at times been played down or kept confidential by hospitals, doctors, even governments. Some hospitals and medical professionals argue that because precautions are taken to prevent the spread, publicizing an outbreak would scare people unnecessarily.

[3]. https://www.cdc.gov/fungal/candida-auris/candida-auris-qanda.html?CDC_AA_refVal=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.cdc.gov%2Ffungal%2Fdiseases%2Fcandidiasis%2Fcandida-auris-qanda.html

[4]. https://somaticresearch.home.blog/2019/04/07/candida-auris-hoax/

[5]. https://pix11.com/2019/04/09/this-drug-resistant-fungus-is-spreading-scientists-warn-of-new-superbugs-to-come/

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Pronunciation  of Written Vietnamese in former RVN

Pronunciation of Written Vietnamese in former RVN

by tonytran2015 (Melbourne, Australia).

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#Vietnamese, #pronunciation, #IPA pronunciation, #alphabet,

Pronunciation of Written Vietnamese in former RVN (based on Standard Vietnamese used in the South, 1954-1975).

Part of the fun of traveling is understanding the local culture. This blog helps you know about written Vietnamese and pronunciate it to communicate with Vietnamese.

1. Background on written Vietnamese before Latin Phonetization

First we should have some background knowledge about some of the oldest well known systems of writing.

Egyptian hieroglyphs

Figure: Hieroglyphs from KV17, the tomb of Seti I, 13th century BC (The copyright holder of the work allows anyone to use it for any purpose including unrestricted redistribution, commercial use, and modification. Author Jon Bodsworth. Original file: http://File:Hieroglyphs_from_the_tomb_of_Seti_I.jpg)

The earliest system of Hieroglyphs of the Egyptian civilization has been found from KV17, the tomb of Seti I, 13th century BC, it has existed before 3200BC. The question is whether it had spread to ancient Vietnam directly or indirectly? Indirectly means some other civilizations may have adopted it, or imitated it and that art of adaptation/immitation may have spread to the land of current Vietnam or to the land of ancient Vietnam during the long time span from at least 3200 BC to 200 BC.

Brahmic scripts

Figure: A fragment of Ashoka’s 6th pillar edict, in Brahmi, the ancestor of all Brahmic scripts (This file is licensed under Creative Commons ShareAlike 1.0 License. Source: No machine-readable author provided. Vadakkan assumed (based on copyright claims). Original file: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Asokan_brahmi_pillar_edict.jpg)

According to https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brahmi_script there is a correspondence between North Semitic and Brahmi scripts.

Ancient writing (either orinating from Egyptian writing or independently from Indus_script of Indus_Valley (from 3300 BCE to 1300 BCE )) had spread to Ancient India as Brahmi at least since 400 BC, to Bhutan, Nepal, (Brahmic_scripts), Japan (Yes, to Japan in East Asia), , , Tibet (Tibetan_script), South East Asian nations (Malayo-Polynesian_languages, Balinese_script).

Spreading of Brahmic scripts

Figure: Spread of Brahmic family of scripts from India Figure from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brahmic_scripts,(This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 2.5 Generic license. Source: https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Language_travel_from_India.png )

From the above map of the spread of Brahmic scripts, it is logical to expect that the Vietnamese civilization dated since 2000 BC could have got its own writing system comparable to its competing neighbours. It is quite unlikely that a place for trading and bronze technology like ancient Vietnam had no writing which is pivotal for its book keeping and its records of recipes for inventions .

Vietnamese culture has indeed existed more than 4000 years ago [7].

Many Vietnamese believe that Vietnam had its own phonetic writing system known as Khoa Dau (Khoa Đẩu) notation. Many centuries of occupation by Chinese ( at about 111 BC.) had erased most of the Khoa Dau writings predating Han Chinese occupation [8-14].

2. Writing of spoken Vietnamese language after Chinese Occupation

After the Occupation by Han China in 111 BC (https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chinese_domination_of_Vietnam ), the use of Khoa Dau written language was banned by the occupier and Vietnamese had to use written Qin Chinese in official documents. The Vietnamese lost their ability to read their own Khoa Dau writing and had to invent Chữ Nôm as another way to write their own language.

Chữ Nôm is based on Chinese Qin writing (colloquially and unjustifiably(?) known as Han writing but it was previously standardized and made used across the whole Qin Empire by Emperor Qin Sih Huang Di). Chu Nom each has two parts, one for the meaning in Qin writing, another for the Qin character with closest pronunciation.

\nIllustrative example:
Chu Nom 𠀧 (ba “three”) is composed of the pronunciation part 巴 (Sino-Vietnamese reading: ba) and the Chinese meaning part 三 “three”.

Its use is almost like writing a fictitious new word between angled brackets in the following line

<DOG, to be read as “ch-oooo-or” at higher pitch>

for an Englishman to read the sound of the Vietnamese word <chó> meaning Dog in English.

So it is evident that to read such fictitious written language, the person has to be well versed in English. That was also the difficulty with using Chữ Nôm: The person has to be well versed in Qin language.

During the Second period of Independence from Chinese occupatiob (lasting from Vietnamese King Lê Lợi, AD 1428, to present), Vietnamese Emperor Quang Trung Hoang De decreed that all official documents had to be written in Chữ Nôm. However this requires officials to know Qin language before they can write Chu Nom in official documents!

3. Latin Phonetization of spoken Vietnamese.

Christianity spread to Vietnam in the 16 th century, with it there arose the need for phonetization of Vietnamese for teaching Christinity.

Alexander de Rhode continued with the phonetization of Vietnamese using Latin alphabets by Portuguese Jesuits preacher Francisco de Pina (1585-1625, of Guarda of Portugal) and popularized its use. There is a street in Saigon named in honour of Alexander de Rhode.

The phonetization was made in the 16 th Century but it is remarkably close to the current International Phonetic Alphabets of 2015.

4. Advantage of Latin Phonetized Vietnamese

With such phonetization (as adopted as the Official Language of Republic of Vietnam, 1956-1975) the Standard Spoken Language of RVN has been:

a- Easy to learn and read

It is common for learners to be able to pronunciate Latin phonetized Vietnamese
in three months.

In the years of 1970’s more than 90% of South Vietnamese can pronunciate that language from written Standard Vietname of RVN and even Westerners can read Vietnamese at first exposure.

b- Nationally non-ambiguous writing for various locally ambiguous pronunciations:

The Christian preachers had traveled to every corner of the country to record all different pronunciations of words and incorporated them into their written phonetized language so that the written language is fully differentiated for different written words meaning different things even when only speakers in some parts of the country can differentiate them verbally while speakers in other parts of the country cannot. The resulting written language is therefore fully differentiated for words meaning different things while individuals in the country may not be able to verbally differentiate them. Consequently everyone can unambiguously understand the written language even when he cannot verbally differentiate all different written words.

Example 1:

1. <Tro> meaning “ash”, and

2. <Cho> meaning “give, donate, or let”

are pronunciated differently by Southern Vietnamese but pronunciated indistinguishably by Northerners in remote areas. The written language is unambiguous and gives exact meaning despite the indistinguishability of the spoken words by some speakers.

The written sentence “Cho tôi mua một chay nước tro” gives unambiguos meaning nationwide while its pronunciation by Northern Vietnamese might give ambiguous meaning from “Cho tôi mua một chay nước cho”.

Example 2:
1. <Tranh> meaning “fight for”, and
2. <Chanh> meaning “lemon”
are pronunciated differently by Southern Vietnamese but pronunciated indistinguishably by Northerners from remote areas. The written language is unambiguous and gives exact meaning despite the indistinguishability of the words by some speakers.
The written sentence “Hai người tranh nhau trái chanh” gives unambiguous meaning nationwide while its pronunciation by Northern Vietnamese might give ambiguous meaning from “Hai người chanh nhau trái chanh”.

Example 3:
1. <Cá rô> meaning “Perch fish, (Perca fluviatilis)”,
2. <rỗ> meaning “woven rattan basket”
3. <giãy> meaning thrash
4. <rột rẹt> the rolling, rasping sound
are pronunciated well by most Vietnamese but pronunciated unintelligibly by Western Southerners. The written language is unambiguous and gives exact meaning despite the indistinguishability of the words by some speakers.
The written sentence “Bắt con cá rô bỏ vô rỗ nó giãy nghe rột rẹt” gives unambiguos meaning nationwide while its pronunciation by Western South Vietnamese might give unintelligible meaning from “Bắt con cá gô bỏ vô gỗ nó gãy nghe gột ghẹt” .

c- Communicable nationwide:

The reading may be more differentiating than that of local people but they do understand it and it is considered as own language by every area in the country.

5. Standard Vietnamese sounds.

The Standard Pronunciation of Vietnamese Language in Republic of Vietnam, 1956-1975 have been made based on the hearing of the pronunciation by readers on Radio and TV broadcast programs, the lyrics from songs produced during that period and from actual conversations with many many people I met from most parts of that country.

That language had been succesfully used for communiation in that country.

Here are the results of my transcription which may help future people find out the actual pronunciation of people in now defunct Republic of Vietnam (1956-1975, commonly known as South Vietnam) if they ever need to restore the language.

6. My phonetic tables of Vietnamese

Figure: Table of Vietnamese consonnants. Click to enlarge.

Figure: Table of Vietnamese vowels. Click to enlarge.

The tables are made to help Westerners pronunciate written Vietnamese and also to help with future resconstruction of the actual Standard Pronunciation of people in now defunct Republic of Vietnam (1956-1975, commonly known as South Vietnam) if they ever need to restore that language.

The tables of pronunciations have been established using the methods used by IPA.

Notes for using the tables of Vietnamese consonnants:

1/ The table here gives the Standard Pronumciation of the defunct RVN. That language is found to be still easy to read, nationally non-ambiguous writing, and communicable nationwide. The current spoken language inside Vietnam IS CLOSE TO BUT IS NOT THE SAME. The current spoken language inside Vietnam is described in the web pages

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vietnamese_language ,
https://vi.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ch%E1%BB%AF_Qu%E1%BB%91c_ng%E1%BB%AF,

There will be CONFLICTING informations on the pronunciations between those two websites and this website. It is UP TO THE USER TO SELECT THE METHOD OF LEARNING PRONUNCIATION most appropriate to him.

2/ The Phonetic Transcriptions can never be identical for different speakers even from the same village! Therefore phonetizers should be satisfied that his phonetization is acceptable when reproduction from his phonetization is easily recognized and readily accepted by all listeners.

3/ Here I tried to use best approximate familiar IPA symbols [18]. Otherwise there will be a proliferation of IPA symbols and that would defeat the main aim of phonetization symbols !

4/ There are three columns in this table. The first column represents the Vietnamese single or double or triple consonnants, the second the corresponding IPA notation for Standard Northern pronunciation, the third the corresponding IPA notation for acceptable Standard Southern pronunciation. Radio and television announcers and speakers and singers in the former RVN adhered to this standard and were understood and appreciated nationwide.

5/ The Vietnamese <ch> is given its IPA phonetizations as in the table.
I approximated the pronunciation for <ch> by Southerners by English “ch” as in “chat, church, chunk” in English.
The actual pronunciation by Southerners is [j] preceed by a [t] . However there is no IPA phonetization symbol such as [tj with a ligation on top]. So I have to choose the closest familiar IPA phonetization symbol which is for as “ch” in “chat, church, chunk” in English.
I do RECOMMEND foreigners to read Vietnamese <ch> as “ch” in “church” in English, such pronuciation is understood nationwide.

It is known among Vietnamese speakers that saying the word <cho> make the tongue flap from its initial position with its tip touching the back of the upper front gum to the final position with its tip resting on its lowest position behind the back of the rear of the lower front gum. On the other hand the tip of the tongue stay touching the back of the upper front gum when pronunciating “ch” in English.

6/ There are differences between <c>, <k>, and <q> in Latin Phonetization.
<c>, and <q> are at two ends of the variation with <k> being the middle.
Natives Vietnamese words beginning with <q> have only those beginning with <qu>. However words like Qatar, Qibla do appear in Vietnamese news.

Example 1:

Pronunciate “com tôm” and “Kon-Tum” and feel the positions of the point of articulation.

Pronunciate “con cá, con cua” and “con két, con kiển” and feel the positions of the point of articulation.

Pronunciate “cá cơm” and “cá kèo” and feel the positions of the point of articulation.

Pronunciate “cua” and “qua” and feel the positions of the point of articulation.

Pronunciate “cuốc” and “quốc” and feel the positions of the point of articulation.

7/- The Vietnamese consonnant <d> is pronounced by Southerners as IPA [j] while by Northerners as as [z] quickly changing to [j] (If an IPA notation is made for that way of pronunciation, it would be [zj with ligation on top]) or as [dz with ligation on top].

It is noted that there have been disputes on how to accurately represent some Vietnamese spoken words like one which have been commonly written as <du> :

Some Northerners had successfully had their names registered in Vietnamese as “Dzu” rather than “Du” prior to 1975 (The laws of RVN required that people names must be Vietnamese words.). Their arguments were that Standard Vietnamese word <du> phonetically would be read by some as IPA [ju] or as IPA [zj u] while their name should always be read as IPA [dz u].

Notes for using the tables of Vietnamese vowels:

1/ The table here gives the Standard Pronumciation of the defunct RVN. That language is found to be still easy to read, nationally non-ambiguous writing, and communicable nationwide. The current spoken language inside Vietnam IS CLOSE TO BUT IS NOT THE SAME. The current spoken language inside Vietnam is described in the web pages

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vietnamese_language,
https://vi.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ch%E1%BB%AF_Qu%E1%BB%91c_ng%E1%BB%AF,

There will be CONFLICTING informations on the pronunciations between those two websites and this website. It is UP TO THE USER TO SELECT THE METHOD OF LEARNING PRONUNCIATION most appropriate to him.

2/ The Phonetic Transcriptions can never be identical for different speakers even from the same village! Therefore phonetizers should be satisfied that his phonetization is acceptable when reproduction from his phonetization is easily recognized and readily accepted by all listeners.

3/ Here I tried to use best approximate familiar IPA symbols. Otherwise there will be a proliferation of IPA symbols and that would defeat the main aim of phonetization symbols !

4/ There are twelve principal Vietnamese vowels (sound which can be sustainly pronunciated):
a, ă, â, e, ê, i, o, ô, ơ, u, ư, y
Vietnamese <y> is ALWAYS A VOWEL, it never takes the role of semi-vowel [j] unlike English “y” (in English “yes”) or French “y” (in “il y a”).

5/ They are grouped into six groups based on six Latin vowels a, e, i, o, u, y. The original phonetizers considered that (a, ă, â) are closely related and similarly for (e, ê), (o, ô), (u, ư).

6/ <i> differs from <y>: The sound for Vietnamese <y> is similar to IPA [i] or IPA [i:] but made with the point of articulation closer to the throat than for [i:].
IPA [i] is pronunciated with the tip of the tongue nearly touching the gap between the upper and lower front teeth while Vietnamese <y> is pronunciated with the tip of the tongue lowered and withdrawn to behind the back of the lower front gum.

Example 1:
Pronunciate <i> as in IPA [i] and “y” as in “y tá” and feel the positions of the tongue and the point of articulation.
Pronunciate “ĩ” as in “bĩ cực” and “ỹ” as in “mỹ” and feel the positions of the tongue tongue and the point of articulation .
Pronunciate “i” as in “mì hoành thánh” and “y” as in “mỹ” and feel the positions of the tongue.
Pronunciate “iến” as in “tiến” and “yến” and feel the positions of the tongue.
Pronunciate “iết” as in “tiết” and “yết” as in “yết kiêu” and feel the positions of the tongue.
Pronunciate “iếu” as in “hiếu” and “yếu” as in “yếu tố” and feel the positions of the tongue.

Example 2:
Pronunciate “mái nhà” and “máy móc” and feel the positions of the tongue.
Pronunciate “cài đặt” and “cày bừa” and feel the positions of the tongue.
Pronunciate “thúi” and “thúy” and feel the positions of the tongue.

7/ Vietnamese <ô> is closer to IPA [õ] than IPA [o]. The IPA symbol for a nasal vowel is a tilde ~ over the corresponding oral vowel.
IPA [o] is like “eau” in French “beau” https://www.thoughtco.com/understanding-the-french-language-using-ipa-4080307

8/ Vietnamese <â> is closer to IPA [ʌ with a tilde] than IPA [ʌ]. The IPA symbol for a nasal vowel is a tilde ~ over the corresponding oral vowel.
IPA [ʌ] is like English “cut” https://www.antimoon.com/how/pronunc-soundsipa.htm

9/ Vietnamese <ư> is pronounced like IPA [U] but with the point of articulation moved to the back. The speaker can first pronunciate IPA [U] then move his point of articulation back to the throat to hear the sound of Vietnamese <ư>

References

[1].

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Egyptian_hieroglyphs

[2[. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brahmic_scripts/

[3]. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Brahmi_script

[4]. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Tibetan_script

[5]. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Malayo-Polynesian_languages

[6]. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Balinese_script

[7]. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Hoabinhian

[8]. https://chuvietcolacviet.vn/gocbaochi/detail/chu-viet-co-chu-cua-nen-van-minh-ruc-ro-ky-4-62.html

[9]. https://taobabe.wordpress.com/tag/ancient-language/

[10]. http://chuvietcolacviet.vn/gocbaochi/detail/giai-ma-chu-viet-co-127.html

[11] https://www.sachhiem.net/VANHOC/TVHAC/Vanhac09.php

[12]. http://chuvietcolacviet.vn/nghiencuu/detail/hanh-trinh-di-tim-chu-khoa-dau-phan-1-307.html

[13]. https://kienthuc.net.vn/di-san/su-ton-tai-cua-nen-van-minh-khoa-dau-266446.html

[14]. http://chuaxaloi.vn/tin-tuc/van-de-chu-khoa-dau/921.html

[15]. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ch%E1%BB%AF_N%C3%B4m

[16]. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vietnamese_language

[17]. https://vi.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ch%E1%BB%AF_Qu%E1%BB%91c_ng%E1%BB%AF

[18]. https://www.internationalphoneticalphabet.org/ipa-sounds/ipa-chart-with-sounds/

[19]. https://www.antimoon.com/how/pronunc-soundsipa.htm

[20]. https://www.thoughtco.com/understanding-the-french-language-using-ipa-4080307

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Avoiding outrageous costs of roaming during oversea travel.

Avoiding outrageous costs of roaming during oversea travel.

by tonytran2015 (Melbourne, Australia).

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#roaming, #internet rate, #phone, #SMS, #ripped off, #oversea,

Avoiding outrageous costs of roaming during oversea travel.

This Travel tip may save you from burning your house with your busy fingers playing unsmartly on your smart phones.

1. Beware of the HIGH COST of staying connected.

Figure: Screen capture of an actual Warning SMS from Australian Vodafone on the outrageous roaming costs at Singapore Transit lounge on 2018 December 13th. Internet roaming cost WAS INDEED $51000/GByte versus $2/GByte inside Australia.

As you can read from the screen capture:

Welcome to Singapore. Warning – you have activated your mobile device overseas. Significantly higher charges may apply. While you’re here, it will cost up to $5.39/min + 40c connection fee to make calls, $4.50/min to receive calls, $3.50 to send a TXT and data is charged $51.20/MB. It’s free to receive a TXT. … For help call +61426320000 – it’s free. Have a safe journey.

The roaming phone cost is $5.39/min, the roaming SMS cost is $5.30. They are about 5 times the cost for equivalent service in Australia. But the dangerous killer is the roaming internet cost of $51.20/MB = $51200/GB which is 25000 times the cost of equivalent service in Australia.
Therefore someone watching a movie at the transit lounge may burn about $25000 for that 0.5GByte movie.

DON’T CONNECT JUST BECAUSE YOU CAN. STAYING CONNECTED MAY BE INDEED EXPENSIVE. 

2. Preventing expensive roaming costs by not using post-paid phones oversea.

 

a- Bring along your trip only prepaid phone cards or sims so that you cannot spend more than you have paid into those cards.

b- Buy locally sold cards and use them in their issueing country. Send an identifying message prior to any communication so that recipients know who is talking to them.

 c-Before departing you may redirect all incoming calls to your pre-paid numbers (already pre-paid in your home country). This limits your spending.

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Short history of dog eating in Vietnam.

Short history of dog eating in Vietnam.

#dog meat, #Buddhism, #insurgents, #Phạm Lãi, #Thanh Đề, #fox meat, #thịt cầy,

If you want to fight dog meat, you should know everything about it. (Suntzu taught: You cannot lose all 10/10 battles if you know well your enemy and yourself.)

1. Dog eating in ancient literature.

Eating dogs had gone back to more than 2000 years. This is proved in the doctrine of “no rabbits left, slaughtered the hounds” cited by retired commander Phạm Lãi of an ancient Viet kingdom.[1, 2, 3, 4]

“After flying birds have been exhausted good bows will get ruined. After the clever rabbits have died, those hound dogs hunting them will get slaughtered. This Viet king (you are serving) has long neck, bird beak, (that kind of people) only collaborates in hardship but does not want to share glory. Why have not you resigned?”

Generally, Vietnamese people who espouse the virtues of loyalty and hard working are against eating dogs, cats (which trust and are loyal and obedient to the owners) and buffaloes (which do heavy agricultural works and are loyal and obedient to the owners). Military people keep horses instead of buffaloes. Their horses are companions to them just like buffaloes to the peasants.

However, there are always people who want to rebel and challenge the customs by eating those four types of animals.

Buddhism started in or near to India about 200BC, spread out and reached Vietnam a long time ago. Buddhism is strongly against eating dogs. It has a story of a lady Thanh De who fed dog meat to Buddhist monks and suffered severe consequences [5, 6, 7].

2. Recent history of dog eating.

2.1- During the anti-colonial insurgency war against the French, the insurgents ordered civilians in Vietnam to eat all dogs so that insurgents won’t get bothered and revealed by their barking.

2.2- During the partitioned time (1954-1975), North Vietnam had little food and civilians were not allowed to keep dogs. Those having dogs must dispose of them.

2.3- During the communist insurgency war against the Republic of (South) Vietnam, the insurgents order civilians in country side of South Vietnam to dispose of all dogs so that insurgents won’t get bothered and revealed by their barking. Naturally, the anti-communist government of South Vietnam encouraged people to keep dogs as companion animals.

2.4- After the partition of Vietnam in 1954, there were millions of people from the North (Bac Ky: Northern Zone) moving to the South (Nam Ky: Southern Zone) to avoid the communist regime to be set up in the North.

The people from the South (Nam Ky: Southerner) recognized those people from North (Bac Ky: Northerner) by their language (nearly identical vocabulary but with slightly different pronunciations, different idioms) and their customs (eating different dishes, eating dogs, eating dishes with uncooked blood from ducks, pigs)

There are much higher percentage of 1954-Northerners eating dogs than Southerners.

2.4- Southerners do eat wild foxes (cầy). (Fox meat and peeled potatoes are hard boiled in coconut extract with added onion slices and turmeric powder). Northern Vietnamese then disguise their habit by calling dog meat “fox meat” (thịt cầy). Currently dog meat restaurants use the word “cầy” (foxes) to hide the real meaning of dogs.

2.5- After victory by Communist forces in 1975, many more Northerners (“Bac Ky 75”) moved to the South.

The percentage of 1975-Northerners eating dogs is even higher than the percentage of 1954-Northerners.

2,6- Eating dogs is now no more a taboo subject in the South and there has been open advocates for eating dogs. It was a taboo in Vietnamese Buddhism to talk about it (the policies of “Speak no evils” and of “no discussion about evil things”). There is now even a state authorized Vietnamese printed book teaching people how to farm dogs for meat. [8-14]

3. Current state of dog eating.

3.1- In some regions of North and Central Vietnam, it has been a custom in recent years to serve dog meats for family reunion on the anniversaries of the passing away (đám giổ) of their ancestors.

3.2- Not only eating dogs, Northerners also have village Tet festivals where buffalos duel to death (chọi trâu). Both the winner and loser buffaloes are then slaughtered. Meat of the winner is served to the most honored guests, the loser to the next in rank.[15-19].

3.3- With mass migration from many South East Asian countries, the eating of dog meat has spread to Australia, England, etc…

References.

[1]. https://survivaltricks.wordpress.com/2018/11/07/understanding-the-policy-of-no-rabbits-left-slaughtered-the-hounds-practiced-on-subordinates/?preview=true

DOG EATING IN ANCIENT (prior to 200BC) East Asian Literature:

Phù Sai… viết một bức thư, buộc vào mũi tên, bắn vào thành Việt: “Tôi nghe giảo thỏ chết thì chó săn tất bị mổ, địch quốc đã diệt thì mưu thần cũng chẳng còn. Sao quan Đại Phu không lưu cho nước Ngô tôi còn lại một chút để làm cái dư địa sau này”.

[2]. https://www.maxreading.com/sach-hay/dien-hay-tich-la/dieu-tan-cung-tang-2169.html

Phạm lãi … Một thời gian sau đó, ông mới viết một lá thư gửi cho Văn chủng, đại ý nói sau khi chim muông bị bắn hết rồi thì cung nỏ bị cất hết vào kho; Sau khi thỏ hoang bị săn bắt hết rồi thì chó săn bị mổ ăn thịt. Hiện nay kẻ thù của nước Việt đã bị tiêu diệt, các đại thần có công người thì bị ruồng bỏ, kẻ bị bức hại.

[3]. https://hoavouu.com/a1531/dieu-tan-cung-tang

[4]. https://vi.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ph%E1%BA%A1m_L%C3%A3i

[5]. https://survivaltricks.wordpress.com/2018/08/08/vietnamese-buddhism-has-been-strongly-against-eating-dogs/

[6]. https://zenglexi.blogspot.com/2011/08/truyen-thuyet-ba-thanh-e.html

[7]. http://chimviet.free.fr/32/tamminh_muclien.htm

[8]. https://survivaltricks.wordpress.com/2018/08/07/fight-dog-meat/

[9]. https://fightdogmeat.com/2017/07/04/vietnam-instruction-book-farm-dogs-vietnam/

[10]. https://www.bbc.com/vietnamese/culture-social-43008478

[11]. Vietnamese capital Hanoi asks people not to eat dog meat, https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-45492907

[12]. https://dantri.com.vn/xa-hoi/ha-noi-muon-nguoi-dan-tu-bo-thoi-quen-an-thit-cho-20180911160345661.htm

[13]. https://news.zing.vn/le-hoi-thit-cho-ngoc-lam-van-dien-ra-bat-chap-tin-don-cam-ban-post757781.html

[14]. http://voh.com.vn/hai-sai-gon/nen-hay-khong-cam-an-thit-cho-289266.html

[15]. https://thethaovanhoa.vn/xa-hoi/le-hoi-choi-trau-do-son-nam-2018-chu-trau-duong-kim-vo-dich-bai-tran-loai-ngay-tran-dau-n20180918103652929.htm

[16]. http://vhoc.net/thuyet-minh-ve-le-hoi-choi-trau-o-do-son-hai-phong/

[17]. http://tourdulichmienbac.com/le-hoi-choi-trau-do-son

[18]. https://vi.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/L%E1%BB%85_h%E1%BB%99i_ch%E1%BB%8Di_tr%C3%A2u_H%E1%BA%A3i_L%E1%BB%B1u

[19]. https://vi.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/L%E1%BB%85_h%E1%BB%99i_Ch%E1%BB%8Di_tr%C3%A2u_%C4%90%E1%BB%93_S%C6%A1n

[20]. https://vikinglifeblog.wordpress.com/2018/05/25/yulin-dog-eating-festival-3000-dogs-skinned-alive-blow-torched-then-served-up-as-food/

[21]. https://vikinglifeblog.wordpress.com/2017/06/26/yulin-dog-meat-festival-continues/

[22]. https://acenewsservices.wordpress.com/2018/08/07/london-eating-dog-meat-becoming-widespread-across-u-k-due-to-mass-immigration-from-the-europe-and-the-far-east-with-such-festivals-as-the-yulin-dog-eating-festival-as/

DISEASES FROM EATING DOG MEAT

[23]. https://news.zing.vn/au-trung-giun-san-tung-tang-trong-co-the-nguoi-post440771.html

(1. Lỗ Trí Thâm, 鲁智深 from China.

He is a high buddhist monk of high rank in old China , has he eaten dog meat?.)

https://survivaltricks.wordpress.com/2018/08/07/london-eating-dog-meat-becoming-widespread-across-u-k-due-to-mass-immigration-from-the-europe-and-the-far-east-with-such-festivals-as-the-yulin-dog-eating-festival-as/

https://survivaltricks.wordpress.com/2018/05/28/yulin-dog-eating-festival-3000-dogs-skinned-alive-blow-torched-then-served-up-as-food/

https://survivaltricks.wordpress.com/2018/05/28/yulin-dog-meat-festival-continues/

Five Spice mixture

Five spices mixture.

by tonytran2015 (Melbourne, Australia).

Click here for a full, up to date ORIGINAL ARTICLE and to help fighting the stealing of readers’ traffic.

(Blog No. 1xx).

#five spice, #mixture, #star anise, #amomum, #cloves, #Sichuan pepper, #fennel seeds, #liquorice, #cinnamon.

Five spices mixture.

1. Five spices mixture.

Figure: A Five Spices mixture.

It is a special ingredient mixture for cooking to give the distinctive smell and taste of Vietnamese rice noodle soup “Pho”.

2. Ingredients.

Figure: A Five Spices mixture. It is commonly a mixture made up of up to seven ingredients: 1.star anise, 2.amomum, 3.cloves, 4.Sichuan pepper, 5.fennel seeds, 6.liquorice, and 7.Chinese cinnamon.

The name implies that it is a mixture of five varieties of spices, with all having similar smells. The ready mixed mixtures sold in shops usually have six or up to seven ingredients. Only the first five ingredients listed here are present in most mixture bags. They may be the original five ingredients. They are: 1.star anise, 2.amomum, 3.cloves, 4.Sichuan pepper, 5.fennel seeds, 6.liquorice (later addition?), and 7.Chinese cinnamon (later addition?).

Liquorice is widely used in Orient as an agent to prevent cold and flu (proof required), overuse of liquorice may cause bleeding in the nose.

Cinnamon is also widely used in Orient as an agent to prevent cold and flu (proof required). When used as a spice, cinnamon seems to inhibit moulds from growing in soup broth.

Star anise gives the predominant smell of Five Spices mixture. Some people put star anise into Vietnamese sticky rice alcohol to make alcohol with anise flavor.

3. Cautionary notes.

Eating too much food cooked with five spice mixture will make your sweat and urine have its smell.

4. Where to find it.

Five spice mixture is sold in 100g bags in Chinese grocery store. Currently each bag costs about AUD 3.00

References.

[1]. https://www.thespruce.com/how-to-make-five-spice-powder-4065302

[2]. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Spice_mix

[3]. Licorice, https://www.drugs.com/mtm/licorice.html

[4]. Licorice Root, National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH), https://nccih.nih.gov/health/licoriceroot

[5]. https://www.healthline.com/nutrition/10-proven-benefits-of-cinnamon#section4

[6]. Cinnamon, National Center for Complementary and Integrative Health (NCCIH), https://nccih.nih.gov/health/cinnamon

Please note that round worms are quite different from human beings.

[7]. Cinnamon Bark and Ginseng in Herbal Formulas Increase Life Span of Roundworms, https://nccih.nih.gov/research/results/spotlight/052510.htm

Related LIVING/HOW TO blogs:

herbal noodle soup of stewed fried duck (mi vit tiem), posted 2017/11/23

The agonizing choice of Vietnamese food dishes, posted September 27, 2017

Mi Xa Xiu 3

Rice as emergency food., posted December 24, 2016

20161230_192839ricegrains2c60.jpg

Mung Beans as grains for self-reliance.

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Fable of a donkey and the hut of his master

Fable of a donkey and the hut of his master.

by tonytran2015 (Melbourne, Australia).

Click here for a full, up to date ORIGINAL ARTICLE and to help fighting the stealing of readers’ traffic.

(Blog No. 1xx).

Fable of a donkey and the hut of his master.

#donkey, #hut, #cabin, #master

Figure: Two donkeys tied to a donkey transport vehicle.

I learnt of the following fable from a French book many many years ago:

Once there was a man who used to have his donkey tied near to the door of his hut.

On a cold night he heard the thumpings on his door.

When he opened the door, he saw the donkey doing the thumpimg. The donkey then said:

“Master, it is cold for my head, I want to put my head inside your hut.” The master thought that he should help his donkey and agreed to the request.

The following night, he woke up in the night to see the donkey squeezing him while saying to him: “Master, it is too cold outside, not only you but both of us had to be inside, I now only have my front half inside.” He felt upset but he had no strength to push the donkey out of the hut.

The morning came, he untied the donkey then went out for work. Late after work, he came back and saw the donkey sleeping comfortably in his hut. He told the donkey to get out, the donkey replied: “Master, it is too cold ouside for me, you should not upset me, you should sleep outside, there is not enough room inside for both of us !”

The morality is Always make clear to the recipients of your help that your help to them is not limitless.

Reference:

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Please sign and pay up to be spied on !

Please sign and pay up to be spied on.

by tonytran2015 (Melbourne, Australia).

Click here for a full, up to date ORIGINAL ARTICLE and to help fighting the stealing of readers’ traffic.

(Blog No. … ).

#spyware, #mobile phone, #smart phone, #computer, #camera, kitchen appliance,

Please sign and pay up to be spied on.

The irony is that you, as an individual, voluntarily agree to and pay to install and upgrade the devices that may spy on you even in your own home.

Your mobile phones, security cameras, modems can help someone to spy on you. Even your fridge can help someone to send emails to you [1, 2, 3].

Any spyware now is so clever that you have little chance of discovering it by yourself [4]. A spyware may hide undetected inside your own computer [5, 6]. Spyware problem is so widespread that people have to help each other (through social network) to remove them [7].

Widespread use of smart phones which are miniaturized computers even bring into existence some around the clock spyware. Any smart phone spyware may (or may not ?, to maintain deniability by manufacturers) be pre-installed in your smart phones by manufacturers [8, 9, 10, 11, 12].

You cannot say that the US military is paranoid when it bans all phone gears manufactured by (Chinese) Huawei and ZTE. [13, 14]. Even so the US government is still worried about being spied upon by China which manufactures a high proportion of US computing equipment and components [15, 16, 17, 18, 19].

Even your harmless looking USB should also be suspected. Every USB is a small computer that provides streams of data from its arrays of memories upon receiving some instructions from the USB port. What would happen if the memory content of the USB had some malware? or if that small computer on the USB had hidden in it some unknown, secret instructions for activating some malicious action? So USB drives may not be allowed in many US government departments and private organizations. [20, 21]

For any individual, he gets to remember that his privacy may be compromised by any of the smart devices he brought home !

References

]1]. These Devices May Be Spying On You (Even In Your Own Home), Joseph Steinberg Contributor, Jan 27, 2014,9:15 am, https://www.forbes.com/sites/josephsteinberg/2014/01/27/these-devices-may-be-spying-on-you-even-in-your-own-home/#2d865341b859

[2]. The NSA hides surveillance software in hard drives, Jon Fingas, 02.16.15,
https://www.engadget.com/2015/02/16/hard-drive-spyware/

[3]. Your hard drives were riddled with NSA spyware for years, Kaspersky: ‘Equation Group’ attacked ‘high value targets’, By Darren Pauli 17 Feb 2015 at 01:57, https://www.theregister.co.uk/2015/02/17/kaspersky_labs_equation_group/

[4]. There’s no way of knowing if the NSA’s spyware is on your hard drive, ‘Equation group’ spyware likely only targeted specific hard drives and SSDs, By Lucas Mearian, Senior Reporter, Computerworld Feb 18, 2015 6:00 AM PT,
https://www.computerworld.com/article/2885069/theres-no-way-of-knowing-if-the-nsas-spyware-is-on-your-hard-drive.html

[5]. Lenovo Caught (3rd Time) Pre-Installing Spyware on its Laptops, September 24, 2015Swati, https://thehackernews.com/2015/09/lenovo-laptop-virus.html

[6]. Lenovo Settles Over the Built-In Spyware Scandal-Lenovo Superfish,
Mike Sanders, September 6, 2017, https://www.eteknix.com/lenovo-settles-build-spyware-scandal/

[7]. How to remove the dangerous Superfish adware preinstalled on Lenovo PCs, By Brad Chacos Senior Editor, PCWorld Feb 20, 2015 4:37 PM PT, https://www.pcworld.com/article/2886278/how-to-remove-the-dangerous-superfish-adware-presintalled-on-lenovo-pcs.html

[8]. https://readwrite.com/2013/04/23/5-signs-android-smartphone-infected-malware/

[9]. https://androidforums.com/threads/malware-spyware-built-into-phone-help.1025125/

[10]. https://forums.androidcentral.com/ask-question/756137-what-common-data-service.html

[11]. https://forum.fairphone.com/t/pre-installed-apps-and-their-purpose/1884

[12]. https://android.stackexchange.com/questions/170487/what-is-common-data-service-app-in-the-preinstalled-app-list

[13]. Personnel on US military bases can no longer buy phones and other gear manufactured by Chinese firms Huawei and ZTE, after the Pentagon said the devices pose an “unacceptable” security risk.by AFP on May 05, 2018 Tweet, https://www.securityweek.com/us-military-bans-huawei-zte-phones

[14]. https://www.theverge.com/2018/8/13/17686310/huawei-zte-us-government-contractor-ban-trump

[15]. Chinese spy chips are found in hardware used by Apple, Amazon, Bloomberg says; Apple, AWS say no way, https://www.cnbc.com/2018/10/04/chinese-spy-chips-are-said-to-be-found-in-hardware-used-by-apple-amazon-apple-denies-the-bloomberg-businessweek-report.html

[16]. China allegedly infiltrated US companies through implanted hardware backdoors,
Zeljka Zorz, Managing EditorOctober 4, 2018, https://www.helpnetsecurity.com/2018/10/04/implanted-hardware-backdoors/

[17]. https://irishinfosecnews.wordpress.com/2018/10/04/china-allegedly-infiltrated-us-companies-through-implanted-hardware-backdoors/

[18]. Report: In Huge Hack, Chinese Manufacturer Sneaks Backdoors Onto Motherboards, https://www.darkreading.com/network-and-perimeter-security/report-in-huge-hack-chinese-manufacturer-sneaks-backdoors-onto-motherboards/d/d-id/1332977

[19]. https://irishinfosecnews.wordpress.com/2018/10/04/report-in-huge-hack-chinese-manufacturer-sneaks-backdoors-onto-motherboards/

[20]. https://www.cybereason.com/blog/five-reasons-why-ibm-banning-usb-drives-is-a-good-security-practice

[21]. https://gcn.com/articles/2010/02/23/dod-flash-drives.aspx

[22]. https://triggerreset.net/2018/10/25/samsung-will-delete-your-memory-so-your-favorite-shows-will-seem-new-again/

[23]. https://theoverspill.blog/2018/10/25/start-up-no-938-cook-calls-for-us-data-privacy-sidewalk-adviser-quits-will-5g-change-filmmaking-millennials-v-tablets-and-more/

click for image https://www.flickr.com/photos/91884382@N00/8440663633

[24]. All backdoors from Israel folks – you don’t want to let any unknown spooks from ”the tribe” into your bedroom do you?, https://ukgovernmentwatch.wordpress.com/2018/12/11/127526/

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In-flight Panic – Stay Calm! Pilot …..

via In-flight Panic – Stay Calm! Pilot …..

“BA flight from Kuala Lumpur on the evening of June 24, 1982, ran into volcanic dust. Captain makes the following statement to the passengers: “Ladies and gentlemen, this is your captain speaking. We have a small problem. All four engines have stopped. We are doing our damnedest to get them going again. I trust you are not in too much distress.”

Comment by tonytran2015: Quite a hilarious account of actual cabin announcements.

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