Trade war tactics, Part 4: Sabotaging competitor’s economic base.

Trade war tactics, Part 4: Sabotaging competitor’s economic base.

by tonytran2015 (Melbourne, Australia).

Click here for a full, up to date ORIGINAL ARTICLE and to help fighting the stealing of readers’ traffic.

(Blog No. 1xx).

This blog describes in details the current tricks employed by China to sabotage the economy of Vietnam in recent decades. They tricked the ignorant farmers into growing highly invasive species.

#trade war, #Chinese tricks, #China versus Vietnam, #economic sabotage, #superworms, #golden apple snails, #leech cultivation, #invasive,

Trade war tactics, Part 4: Sabotaging competitor’s economic base.

1. Chinese traders provided invasive superworms Zophobas morio as food for singing canary birds.

In the years following 1980, Chinese traders sold beautiful singing canaries (Serinus canaria domestica) [1], [2] to Vietnamese bird keepers. They then teach Vietnamese bird keepers to make low cost food for these birds from “superworms”, the larvae of the invasive Zophobas morio beetles [3,4,5,6].

178px-Zophobas_morio_larva_-_top_(aka)

Figure: Picture from author André Karwath, licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 Generic license. Original file https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Zophobas_morio_larva_-_top_(aka).jpg

The original instructions in Vietnamese for growing “superworms” are printed below [6]

Sâu mua ở cửa hàng về cho ăn cám gà, bột ngô, yến mạch, các loại rau củ quả rồi để sâu gạo ở nơi tối và thoáng mát ( chú ý để không khí cho nó thở ) sau khoảng 1 tuần thì sâu gạo sẽ hóa nhộng.
Nhộng này mình cho vào 1 khay khác, cho thức ăn vào và để nơi yên tĩnh, thoáng mát sau 1 tuần sẽ thành bọ cánh cứng màu đen
Sau khi thành bọ màu đen thì ta cho hết bọ này qua cái khay lúc này làm. Lưu ý bọ này rất thèm nước nên cần phải bổ sung các loại rau củ quả chứa nước để nó sinh sản dưa hấu, bí đao, rau muống.
Cho bọ vào khay để sinh sản
Khi bọ đen ăn đầy đủ,đủ nước thì nó sẽ bắt cặp và sinh sản. Sau 1 tuần thì nhìn dưới khay thức ăn có nhiều con sâu gạo con lúc nhúc nhỏ như cây kim may.Thì anh em bắt đầu chuyển khay chứa bọ này sang khay chứa thức ăn khác để bọ tiếp tục sinh sản,khi nó đẻ hết trứng sẽ chết.
Khoảng 1 tháng thì sâu con này đã trưởng thành và có thể thu hoạch được rồi. Nếu không tiêu thụ thì nó lại thành nhộng rồi thành bọ. Theo vòng đời cứ như vậy, thông thường nó sống được 3 tháng là chết.

The prohibition notices against growing “superworms” [3] by Vietnamese government are also reproduced here:

Nghiêm cấm việc nhân nuôi, vận chuyển và phóng thích Super worm 

Công văn số 617/BVTV-KD ngày 24/4/2014 của Cục Bảo vệ thực vật, Cục Bảo vệ thực vật chỉ đạo:
- Sâu Super worm là loại côn trùng ăn tạp, phàm ăn, chưa có tên trong danh sách vật nuôi nông nghiệp và có nguy cơ gây hại đến sản xuất nông nghiệp cũng như ảnh hưởng xấu đến môi trường sinh thái. Vì vậy việc nhân nuôi, vận chuyển và phóng thích sâu super worm là hành vi vi phạm pháp luật.
- Tăng cường thanh tra, kiểm tra, phát hiện và xử lý nghiêm túc các tổ chức, cá nhân có hành vi nhân nuôi, vận chuyển và phóng thích sâu Super worm (Zaphobas morio). Quy định xử phạt các hành vi này theo Nghị định 114/2013/NĐ-CP ngày 3/10/2013 của Chính phủ Quy định về xử phạt vi phạm hành chính trong lĩnh vực giống cây trồng, bảo vệ và kiểm dịch thực vật.

As can be seen, the beetle growers can make their profits but those invasive beetles that can escape into the wild may cause an agricultural havoc for Vietnam.

2. Chinese traders buy cultivated invasive golden apple snails from Vietnamese farmers.

pomacea

Figure: Original picture from author Stijn Ghesquiere. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. Original file https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pomacea.jpg.

320px-Pomacea_canaliculata_01

Figure: Picture from author H. Zell. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. Original file https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Pomacea_canaliculata_01.JPG

Beginning from 1988, Chinese traders wanted to buy at high price the highly invasive alien golden apple snails from Vietnamese farmers. Vietnamese farmers then cultivate them to sell to their “wholesale buyers”.

However this species from South American is considered to be “in the top 100 of the “World’s Worst Invasive Alien Species“. It is also considered as about the 40th the worst alien species in Europe and the worst alien species of gastropod in Europe.” [7]

As can be predicted, this whole business of cultivating highly invasive golden apple snails is just a scheme to sabotage the Vietnamese agricultural base for rice production. Even Chinese University of Peking had highlighted the risks of parasites (Angiostrongylus cantonensis) infection from eating golden apple snails.

 

3. Chinese traders buy cultivated leeches from Vietnamese farmers.

Figure: Picture from author GlebK. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. Original file  https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Sucking_leech.jpg

Around the year 1996 [12] then again around 2010 [13], there were wholesale buyers from China offering to buy at high prices leeches from Vietnamese farmers. Naturally the Vietnamese ignorant farmers would want to make fast money by growing leeches in their paddy field.

Some of them do make money, some ends up with paddy field full of leeches with no buyers. Their neighbors and the environment are the sufferers [13-19]. Leeches are invasive and make dangerous infection when getting into the bodies of field workers. It also takes few decades to eradicate leeches from infested paddy field [20-27].

4. Conclusions

Chinese traders enjoyed enormous advantage over the ignorant farmers of a smaller Vietnamese agriculture. They have fooled them at every step. Their behaviors in the Vietnamese market does not speak well for China’s intention in other small countries.

References:

[1]. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Domestic_canary

[2]. https://vi.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chim_y%E1%BA%BFn_h%C3%B3t

[3]. http://dantri.com.vn/kinh-doanh/dung-de-sau-gao-thanh-dai-dich-nhu-oc-buou-gian-dat-1404385629.htm

[4]. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zophobas

[5]. https://vi.wikipedia.org/wiki/S%C3%A2u_g%E1%BA%A1o

[6]. https://kythuatnuoitrong.edu.vn/chim-canh/cach-nuoi-sau-gao-lam-thuc-an-cho-chim-canh.html

[7]. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pomacea_canaliculata

[8]. https://vi.wikipedia.org/wiki/%E1%BB%90c_b%C6%B0%C6%A1u_v%C3%A0ng

[9]. https://vtc.vn/su-that-gay-choang-sau-tiet-lo-cua-trum-oc-buou-vang-o-ha-noi-d132975.html

[9]. https://baomoi.com/lam-giau-tu-hiem-hoa-oc-buou-vang/c/20253776.epi

[10]. https://news.zing.vn/nong-dan-nuoi-oc-buou-vang-ban-cho-thuong-lai-trung-quoc-post360114.html

[11]. http://soha.vn/chuyen-gia-tq-canh-bao-moi-hiem-hoa-khon-luong-neu-ban-an-nham-phai-loai-oc-nay-20170920115537543rf20170920115537543.htm

[12]. http://thuysanvietnam.com.vn/dia-moi-nguy-hai-voi-moi-truong-article-1716.tsvn

[13]. https://m.baomoi.com/chuyen-gia-huong-dan-xu-ly-canh-dong-ngap-dia/c/7364642.epi

[14]. https://nongdan24g.wordpress.com/2011/11/04/ro-nhung-thuong-vu-la-cua-lai-buon-trung-quoc/

[15]. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leech

[16]. https://vi.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/%C4%90%E1%BB%89a

[17]. http://m.vietnamnet.vn/vn/kinh-doanh/thi-truong/thuong-lai-trung-quoc-mua-dia-gia-toi-600-000-dong-kg-de-lam-gi-382968.html

[18]. http://nhanong.netnews.vn/trung-quoc-nuoi-dia-cong-nghiep-mid-4-6-0-8350.html

[19]. https://news.zing.vn/5-loai-bi-cam-nguoi-viet-van-nuoi-va-mua-ban-post718751.html

[20]. http://m.doisongphapluat.com/tin-tuc/video-can-canh-gap-con-dia-dai-10cm-con-song-ra-khoi-mui-nguoi-phu-nu-a233734.html

[21]. https://suckhoe.vnexpress.net/tin-tuc/suc-khoe/con-dia-dai-10-cm-bo-trong-mui-nguoi-phu-nu-3766566.html

[22]. https://m.baomoi.com/ho-ra-mau-vi-con-dia-4-cm-chui-vao-song-trong-co-hong/c/26781956.epi

[23]. https://giadinh.vnexpress.net/tin-tuc/to-am/bi-dia-trau-chui-vao-vung-phoi-2269444.html

[24]. https://news.zing.vn/hang-hoa-lien-tiep-dinh-tin-don-ve-dia-post280300.html

[25]. http://www.vba.com.vn/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=5805:dia-co-the-ton-tai-trong-hop-sua-duoc-khong

[26]. http://giaoduc.net.vn/Xa-hoi/Thong-tin-dia-trong-qua-trung-ga-o-Thai-Nguyen-la-khong-co-co-so-post92690.gd

[27]. https://news.zing.vn/sinh-vat-la-trong-trung-ga-la-san-la-post278321.html

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Trade war tactics, Part 3: Chinese tricks against Vietnam in ancient time.

Trade war tactics, Part 3: Chinese tricks against Vietnam in ancient time.

by tonytran2015 (Melbourne, Australia).

Click here for a full, up to date ORIGINAL ARTICLE and to help fighting the stealing of readers’ traffic.

(Blog No. 1xx).

#trade war, #Chinese tricks, #China versus Vietnam, #export restriction, #female bufferlos, #iron plough points

Trade war tactics, Part 3: Chinese tricks against Vietnam in ancient time.

This blog describes in details the tricks employed by China against Vietnam in ancient time (from 200BC to AD1600). Those tricks include export restrictions as has been found in the letters of complaints from some Kings of Annam (ancient Vietnam, which was at times a neighbor State paying tributes to China) to the Emperor of China.

1. Restriction of exports by China in ancient time.

China is now complaining that the USA do not want to allow the export of CPU’s for the production of smart phones by Chinese company ZTE.

In ancient time, as can be found in history of Vietnam [1], and can be verified in ancient Chinese history [2], some Kings of Annam (ancient Vietnam, which was at times a neighbor State paying tributes to China) had complaint in their letters to the Emperor of China that:

a. When iron was first discovered (around 200BC), China banned the export of iron plough points to Vietnam to prevent Vietnam from being a efficient rice producer.

b. China only sold male bufferlos to Vietnam but banned the sale of female bufferlos. This makes Vietnam dependent on China for the supply of bufferlos.

2. USA restriction of export to China of CPU’s for smart phone is well justified.

China is now complaining that USA is employing a restriction of exports against Chinese smart phone company ZTE. However it should be noted that:

a. ZTE is owned by Chinese Government and is loyal to Chinese Government.

b. Smart phone technology can be adapted and used for robotic controls keeping in mind that the next World War may be a war by robots (currently known as lethal drones).

c. Chinese Information Technology companies have engaged in a number of practices which are worrying to Westerners: Making the Great Firewall, Making devices succeptible to Malwares, etc…

4. Economic is only a facet to a Perpetual War by China to conquer the whole World.

The revered, 2000 years old manual “The Art of War” by Sun Tzu is always practiced by China. It considers military attacks, foreign affairs and trades as only different facets of one single thing. (This is not much different from the view by Clausewitz[3,4,5,6]). The following shows Chinese success with its Perpetual Expansionism.

The vast area of current China is the result of such Forever Expanding policy starting from a Zhou dynasty (1046BC-256BC) with an area only comparable to Japan.

Zhou_dynasty_1000_BC Châu

Figure: The approximate territory of the Zhou dynasty in China. Drawn by Ian Kiu.The approximate territory of the Zhou dynasty in China. Drawn by Ian Kiu. Derived from China_map.png by Nat. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Zhou_dynasty#/media/File:Zhou_dynasty_1000_BC.png Date 15 February 2011, Territories_of_Dynasties_in_China.gif: Albert Herrmann (1935). History and Commercial Atlas of China. Harvard University Press. from “The Chou Dynasty, 11th-9th Centuries B.C.” Author Territories_of_Dynasties_in_China.gif: Ian Kiu. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

Figure: China Map, Qin State, 260BCE https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Qin_(state)#/media/File:EN-QIN260BCE.jpg , Date 31 October 2010
Source Own work, Author Philg88, Licensing
Creative Commons attribution share alike. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported, 2.5 Generic, 2.0 Generic and 1.0 Generic license.

Figure: Map of Three Kingdoms period of China, as of 262 A.D., Date1 1 August 2017, Author SY, file https://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Three_Kingdoms.png. File is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 4.0 International license.

Figure: Map of Song Dynasty 1141, By Ian Kiu, Based on a map in Albert Herrmann (1935). History and Commercial Atlas of China, Harvard University Press , file https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Jin%E2%80%93Song_Wars#/media/File:Sung_Dynasty_1141.png. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported license.

Figure: Map of Qing Dynasty China in 1765., File: https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/9c/18_century_Qing_China.png . Date 1-8-2011 Source Originally from CIA, taken from commons. Author CIA (Background map) Derivate work: User:Soewinhan. This image is a work of a Central Intelligence Agency employee, taken or made as part of that person’s official duties. As a Work of the United States Government, this image or media is in the public domain in the United States.

Figure: Map of China on a Chinese glass Globe made around the year 2000.

References:

[1]. Su Ky, Le Van Huu,

[1b] Viet Nam Su Luoc, Tran Trong Kim,

[2]. Sima Qian, Records of History by the grand historian (translated by Burton Watson), Qin Dynasty, Han Dynasty I (Rev. Ed.) and Han Dynasty II (Rev. Ed.), the Res. Cent. for Transl. The Chinese Univ. of Hong Kong and Colubia Univ. Press, Hong Kong and New York, 1961.

[3]. Sun Tzu, The Art of War. First published in Chinese before 200BC.

[4]. Carl von Clausewitz, Principles of Wars, Translated by Hans W. Gatzke, The Military Service Publishing Company, 1942.

[5]. Clausewitz, On War, Translated by Colonel James John Graham N. Trübner, London, 1873. Original is Carl von Clausewitz, Vom Kriege, Dümmlers Verlag, Berlin, 1832.

[6]. Carl von Clausewitz, Principles of Wars, The Clausewitz home page, https://www.clausewitz.com/mobile/principlesofwar.htm

[7]. https://irishinfosecnews.wordpress.com/2018/07/09/android-devices-with-pre-installed-malware-sold-in-developing-markets/

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