Short history of dog eating in Vietnam.

Short history of dog eating in Vietnam.

#dog meat, #Buddhism, #insurgents, #Phạm Lãi, #Thanh Đề, #fox meat, #thịt cầy,

If you want to fight dog meat, you should know everything about it. (Suntzu taught: You cannot lose all 10/10 battles if you know well your enemy and yourself.)

1. Dog eating in ancient literature.

Eating dogs had gone back to more than 2000 years. This is proved in the doctrine of “no rabbits left, slaughtered the hounds” cited by retired commander Phạm Lãi of an ancient Viet kingdom.[1, 2, 3, 4]

“After flying birds have been exhausted good bows will get ruined. After the clever rabbits have died, those hound dogs hunting them will get slaughtered. This Viet king (you are serving) has long neck, bird beak, (that kind of people) only collaborates in hardship but does not want to share glory. Why have not you resigned?”

Generally, Vietnamese people who espouse the virtues of loyalty and hard working are against eating dogs, cats (which trust and are loyal and obedient to the owners) and buffaloes (which do heavy agricultural works and are loyal and obedient to the owners). Military people keep horses instead of buffaloes. Their horses are companions to them just like buffaloes to the peasants.

However, there are always people who want to rebel and challenge the customs by eating those four types of animals.

Buddhism started in or near to India about 200BC, spread out and reached Vietnam a long time ago. Buddhism is strongly against eating dogs. It has a story of a lady Thanh De who fed dog meat to Buddhist monks and suffered severe consequences [5, 6, 7].

2. Recent history of dog eating.

Figure: Restaurant for whole families eating Dog meat.

2.1- During the anti-colonial insurgency war against the French, the insurgents ordered civilians in Vietnam to eat all dogs so that insurgents won’t get bothered and revealed by their barking.

2.2- During the partitioned time (1954-1975), North Vietnam had little food and civilians were not allowed to keep dogs. Those having dogs must dispose of them.

2.3- During the communist insurgency war against the Republic of (South) Vietnam, the insurgents order civilians in country side of South Vietnam to dispose of all dogs so that insurgents won’t get bothered and revealed by their barking. Naturally, the anti-communist government of South Vietnam encouraged people to keep dogs as companion animals.

2.4- After the partition of Vietnam in 1954, there were millions of people from the North (Bac Ky: Northern Zone) moving to the South (Nam Ky: Southern Zone) to avoid the communist regime to be set up in the North.

The people from the South (Nam Ky: Southerner) recognized those people from North (Bac Ky: Northerner) by their language (nearly identical vocabulary but with slightly different pronunciations, different idioms) and their customs (eating different dishes, eating dogs, eating dishes with uncooked blood from ducks, pigs)

There are much higher percentage of 1954-Northerners eating dogs than Southerners.

2.4- Southerners do eat wild foxes (cầy). (Fox meat and peeled potatoes are hard boiled in coconut extract with added onion slices and turmeric powder). Northern Vietnamese then disguise their habit by calling dog meat “fox meat” (thịt cầy). Currently dog meat restaurants use the word “cầy” (foxes) to hide the real meaning of dogs.

2.5- After victory by Communist forces in 1975, many more Northerners (“Bac Ky 75”) moved to the South.

The percentage of 1975-Northerners eating dogs is even higher than the percentage of 1954-Northerners.

2,6- Eating dogs is now no more a taboo subject in the South and there has been open advocates for eating dogs. It was a taboo in Vietnamese Buddhism to talk about it (the policies of “Speak no evils” and of “no discussion about evil things”). There is now even a state authorized Vietnamese printed book teaching people how to farm dogs for meat. [8-14]

3. Current state of dog eating.

3.1- In some regions of North and Central Vietnam, it has been a custom in recent years to serve dog meats for family reunion on the anniversaries of the passing away (đám giổ) of their ancestors.

3.2- Not only eating dogs, Northerners also have village Tet festivals where buffalos duel to death (chọi trâu). Both the winner and loser buffaloes are then slaughtered. Meat of the winner is served to the most honored guests, the loser to the next in rank.[15-19].

3.3- With mass migration from many South East Asian countries, the eating of dog meat has spread to Australia, England, etc…

References.

[1]. https://survivaltricks.wordpress.com/2018/11/07/understanding-the-policy-of-no-rabbits-left-slaughtered-the-hounds-practiced-on-subordinates/?preview=true

DOG EATING IN ANCIENT (prior to 200BC) East Asian Literature:

Phù Sai… viết một bức thư, buộc vào mũi tên, bắn vào thành Việt: “Tôi nghe giảo thỏ chết thì chó săn tất bị mổ, địch quốc đã diệt thì mưu thần cũng chẳng còn. Sao quan Đại Phu không lưu cho nước Ngô tôi còn lại một chút để làm cái dư địa sau này”.

[2]. https://www.maxreading.com/sach-hay/dien-hay-tich-la/dieu-tan-cung-tang-2169.html

Phạm lãi … Một thời gian sau đó, ông mới viết một lá thư gửi cho Văn chủng, đại ý nói sau khi chim muông bị bắn hết rồi thì cung nỏ bị cất hết vào kho; Sau khi thỏ hoang bị săn bắt hết rồi thì chó săn bị mổ ăn thịt. Hiện nay kẻ thù của nước Việt đã bị tiêu diệt, các đại thần có công người thì bị ruồng bỏ, kẻ bị bức hại.

[3]. https://hoavouu.com/a1531/dieu-tan-cung-tang

[4]. https://vi.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ph%E1%BA%A1m_L%C3%A3i

[5]. https://survivaltricks.wordpress.com/2018/08/08/vietnamese-buddhism-has-been-strongly-against-eating-dogs/

[6]. https://zenglexi.blogspot.com/2011/08/truyen-thuyet-ba-thanh-e.html

[7]. http://chimviet.free.fr/32/tamminh_muclien.htm

[8]. https://survivaltricks.wordpress.com/2018/08/07/fight-dog-meat/

[9]. https://fightdogmeat.com/2017/07/04/vietnam-instruction-book-farm-dogs-vietnam/

[10]. https://www.bbc.com/vietnamese/culture-social-43008478

[11]. Vietnamese capital Hanoi asks people not to eat dog meat, https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-45492907

[12]. https://dantri.com.vn/xa-hoi/ha-noi-muon-nguoi-dan-tu-bo-thoi-quen-an-thit-cho-20180911160345661.htm

[13]. https://news.zing.vn/le-hoi-thit-cho-ngoc-lam-van-dien-ra-bat-chap-tin-don-cam-ban-post757781.html

[14]. http://voh.com.vn/hai-sai-gon/nen-hay-khong-cam-an-thit-cho-289266.html

[15]. https://thethaovanhoa.vn/xa-hoi/le-hoi-choi-trau-do-son-nam-2018-chu-trau-duong-kim-vo-dich-bai-tran-loai-ngay-tran-dau-n20180918103652929.htm

[16]. http://vhoc.net/thuyet-minh-ve-le-hoi-choi-trau-o-do-son-hai-phong/

[17]. http://tourdulichmienbac.com/le-hoi-choi-trau-do-son

[18]. https://vi.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/L%E1%BB%85_h%E1%BB%99i_ch%E1%BB%8Di_tr%C3%A2u_H%E1%BA%A3i_L%E1%BB%B1u

[19]. https://vi.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/L%E1%BB%85_h%E1%BB%99i_Ch%E1%BB%8Di_tr%C3%A2u_%C4%90%E1%BB%93_S%C6%A1n

[20]. https://vikinglifeblog.wordpress.com/2018/05/25/yulin-dog-eating-festival-3000-dogs-skinned-alive-blow-torched-then-served-up-as-food/

[21]. https://vikinglifeblog.wordpress.com/2017/06/26/yulin-dog-meat-festival-continues/

[22]. https://acenewsservices.wordpress.com/2018/08/07/london-eating-dog-meat-becoming-widespread-across-u-k-due-to-mass-immigration-from-the-europe-and-the-far-east-with-such-festivals-as-the-yulin-dog-eating-festival-as/

DISEASES FROM EATING DOG MEAT

[23]. https://news.zing.vn/au-trung-giun-san-tung-tang-trong-co-the-nguoi-post440771.html

(1. Lỗ Trí Thâm, 鲁智深 from China.

He is a high buddhist monk of high rank in old China , has he eaten dog meat?.)

https://survivaltricks.wordpress.com/2018/08/07/london-eating-dog-meat-becoming-widespread-across-u-k-due-to-mass-immigration-from-the-europe-and-the-far-east-with-such-festivals-as-the-yulin-dog-eating-festival-as/

https://survivaltricks.wordpress.com/2018/05/28/yulin-dog-eating-festival-3000-dogs-skinned-alive-blow-torched-then-served-up-as-food/

https://survivaltricks.wordpress.com/2018/05/28/yulin-dog-meat-festival-continues/

Understanding the policy of “No rabbit left, Slaughtered the hounds” practiced on subordinates.

Understanding the policy of “No rabbit left, Slaughtered the hounds” practiced on subordinates.

by tonytran2015 (Melbourne, Australia).

Click here for a full, up to date ORIGINAL ARTICLE and to help fighting the stealing of readers’ traffic.

(Blog No. … ).

#Phạm Lãi, #Văn Chủng, #Việt Thường, #Việt,

This is the Oriental name for a policy practiced by treacherous tyrants on their subordinates.

It means a hunter raises hound dogs for hunting clever rabbits. When there are no more rabbit to hunt he will slaughter his dogs in cold blood for food.

1. The proverbial phrase “No rabbit left, Slaughtered the hounds”.

This proverbial phrase has a very old history dating back to the Warring period of the Zhou empire (in the period of 476BC-221BC).

History by SimaQian recorded that after resigning from his position of power (commander of the army) in the Viet kingdom, Pham Lai [1,2,3] wrote a letter to his former colleague Van Chung who were still serving the king:

“After flying birds have been exhausted good bows will get ruined. After the clever rabbits have died, those hound dogs hunting them will get slaughtered. This Viet king (you are serving) has long neck, bird beak, (that kind of people) only collaborates in hardship but does not want to share glory. Why have not you resigned?”

Van Chung received the letter, understood it but it was too late for him. Even being faultless he still got executed by king of Viet Thuong.

Theo Sử ký, khi bỏ sang Tề, trong thư Phạm Lãi gửi cho Văn Chủng có đoạn viết:

“Phi điểu tận, lương cung tàng. Giảo thố tử, tẩu cẩu phanh. Việt vương vi nhân trường cảnh điểu uế, khả dữ cộng hoạn nạn, bất khả dữ cộng lạc. Tử hà bất khứ?”

Dịch nghĩa:

Chim bay mất hết, cung tốt được cất đi. Thỏ khôn chết, chó săn bị nấu. Việt vương là người cao cổ, miệng chim, chỉ có chung hoạn nạn mà không thể chung vui. Thầy sao còn chưa lui về?

Cũng từ đó mà có thành ngữ “Thỏ tử cẩu phanh”, dùng để ám chỉ thói đời đen bạc, lấy oán trả ân, các vị vua hung bạo bất nhân, khi đã lập quốc thành công rồi thì trở mặt giết hại các công thần.

https://vi.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ph%E1%BA%A1m_L%C3%A3ihttps://

Any tyrant will fear that some of his subordinates may excel him and may throw him out. So the tyrant may kill all worthy subordinates after their tasks had been done.

The English equivalence is “useful idiots [4] have done their works”.

2. Who practiced it.

2a- King Câu Tiển of the ancient kingdom of Viet practiced it, as described above.

Map of Ancient China 500 BC
Author: Hugo Lopez – Wikimedia Commons user: Yug, Original file https://commons.m.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Chinese_plain_5c._BC-vi.svg#mw-jump-to-license, from https://vi.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xu%C3%A2n_Thu. Licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license.

2b- Emperor Gaozu of Han, (Hán Cao Tổ, 漢高祖; 256 BC – 1 June 195 BC) Founder of the Han Empire practiced it against his most able general Han Xin (Hàn Tín; 韩信; 韓信; Hán Xìn; 229 BC – 196 BC).[5]

2c- Stalin practiced it in his great purge in 1930’s [6]:

Soviet famine of 1932-33 (known as the Holodomor in Ukraine) in which at least five million died.
“Great Terror” in the 1930s. 750,000 members … who … might oppose him were executed.

Robert Conquest, in his book The Great Terror: A Reassessment (40th anniversary Edition, ISBN-13: 978-0195317008, ISBN-10: 0195317009), …

1930-36 7 million

1937-38 3 million

1939-53 10 million

References

[1]. https://vi.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ph%E1%BA%A1m_L%C3%A3ihttps://

[2]. https://vi.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Vi%E1%BB%87t_(n%C6%B0%E1%BB%9Bc)

[3]. https://vi.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Xu%C3%A2n_Thu

[4]. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Useful_idiot

[5]. https://en.m.wikipedia.org/wiki/Han_Xin

[6]. https://historyofrussia.org/stalin-killed-how-many-people/

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